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Chuah Kee Man Centre for Language Studies, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak chuahkeeman@gmail.com. ASPIRE Model for Academic Writing. ASPIRE model. Writing academic essays can be rather difficult as it requires some necessary “skills” in ensuring a piece of work remains “academic”.

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ASPIRE Model for Academic Writing

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Chuah Kee Man

Centre for Language Studies, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak

chuahkeeman@gmail.com

ASPIRE Model for Academic Writing


ASPIRE model

  • Writing academic essays can be rather difficult as it requires some necessary “skills” in ensuring a piece of work remains “academic”.

  • I would like to share a simple model (or guide) that would help you in writing academically.

  • Of course, this is not “the” model that would transform you into a proficient academic writer overnight.


ASPIRE model

  • ASPIRE for academic writing (Chuah, 2010)

    • Academic Voice

    • Scholarly Citations

    • Precise Description

    • In-depth Elaborations

    • Reduce clichés/redundancies

    • Effective Structure


ASPIRE model

  • Academic Voice

    • Use academic language

      • Formal

      • Use specific terms/technical terms when necessary

      • No contraction = Don’t, Won’t

      • Objective perspective (not personal)

      • Proper spelling (eg: because instead of “coz”)


ASPIRE model

  • Scholarly Citations

    • Use scholarly citations to support your elaborations.

    • Get from reliable sources – journals, books, reports.

    • Not merely citing resources from unreliable online webpages.


ASPIRE model

  • Precise Descriptions

    • Provide precise descriptions/elaborations based on facts.

    • Avoid giving vague descriptions and personal opinions. Unless the type of writing is opinion-based.

    • When opinion is needed, signal to the reader that it is an opinion by using hedgings like “In the author’s opinion, the situation may not be applicable to Malaysians.”)


ASPIRE model

  • In-depth Elaborations

    • Elaborate your points based on the citations and not merely listing them out.

    • Learn to integrate the points.

    • Avoid explaining the same thing multiple times.

      - Overuse of “This means that...”

      Example:

      Adams (2010) mentions that Malaysians love to use Facebook during peak hours. This means that many Malaysians are using Facebook when everyone else is busy. (This is not extending from the earlier sentence/point)


ASPIRE model

  • Reduce clichés/redundancies

    • Avoid using too many clichés or redundancies.

    • Clichés - Overused Words/Phrases

      E.g.

      • Nowadays

      • Last but not the least

      • all walks of life

      • in today's society

    • Redundancies

      • At the presentmomentin time

      • By definition, this means that the word implies


ASPIRE model

  • Effective Structure

    • Structure is very important – it helps your reader to focus and present your points/arguments clearly.

    • Standard Academic Structure

      • Introduction = Thesis statement/statement of issue

      • Body = Main ideas/arguments to discuss/explain the issue

      • Conclusion = Summary of points/recommendation

    • May change according to genres/types of writing


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