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INSURANCE AGENCY AS A CAREER CHAPTER 2. AGENT:- An agent is one who acts on behalf of another. PRINCIPAL :- He is the person on whose behalf the agent acts. For e.g.,. In the court, the lawyer acts as an agent for his client who is the principal.

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INSURANCE AGENCY AS A CAREER

CHAPTER 2


AGENT:- An agent is one who acts on behalf of another.PRINCIPAL :- He is the person on whose behalf the agent acts.




The indian contracts act section 182
THE INDIAN CONTRACTS ACT is the principal.(Section 182)

Defines “Agent” as…

  • Agent is a person employed to do any act for another or to represent another in dealing with a third person

    i.e.,

    He is a middle man who acts or represents another person (Principal) while dealing with

    a third party.


The indian contracts act section 1821
THE INDIAN CONTRACTS ACT is the principal.(Section 182)

Defines “Principal” as…

  • Principal is the person for whom such act is done or who is so represented.


Insurance Company (Principal) is the principal.

Insurance Agent (Middle person)

Prospect / Policy Holder (3rd Party)

In this case, the insurance company is the principal who will enter into a contract with the third party i.e. prospect & the insurance agent acts as a middle person who

represents the Insurance Company

(Principal)


The insurance act section 42
THE INSURANCE ACT is the principal.( Section 42)

Defines

An insurance agent is one who is licensed under Section 42 of the Act and is paid commission for soliciting or procuring insurance business , including business relating to continuance , renewal or revival of policies of insurance.


In other words is the principal.

  • A person who has authorized license and can bring business for which commission is paid is an Insurance Agent.

  • The business brought need not be new business. It can be business for renewal or revival also.


Qui facit alium facit perse
“qui facit alium facit perse” is the principal.

The above legal maxim means 

He who acts through others acts to himself ie.,

The principal is bound by what the agent does.


WHICH MEANS is the principal.

The Principal is totally bound and can be held liable for any act done by the agent.


Authority of an agent
AUTHORITY OF AN AGENT: is the principal.

The principal is liable for all the acts done by the agent. However he can restrict his liability by specifying the extent of authority granted to the agent.


Authority of the principal
Authority of the Principal is the principal.

It can be……

EXPRESSED

Or

IMPLIED


Authority of an agent1
AUTHORITY OF AN AGENT is the principal.

  • Expressed authority is stated by words, spoken or written.

  • Implied authority is to be inferred from the circumstances of the case.


Implied Authority is the principal.

Eg. LIC does not authorize agents to collect premia (except first premium along with the proposal) from the policy holder. However, if he collects the amount, remits to the insurer & gets the receipts delivered to the policy holder implied authority can be inferred.


WHO is the principal.

CAN

EMPLOY

AN AGENT?


The contracts act section 183
The Contracts Act is the principal.(Section 183)

According to Section 183 of the Contracts Act

Any person

  • who is a major &

  • who is of sound mind.


WHO is the principal.

CAN

BECOME

AN AGENT?


  • Individuals is the principal.

  • Collectives like

    companies , firms,

    banks,

    cooperative societies etc


Corporate insurance executive
CORPORATE INSURANCE EXECUTIVE is the principal.

In case of collectives a CORPORATE INSURANCE EXECUTIVE/s is / are appointed who will be required to obtain licenses Others who work for the corporate agent will be called Specified Persons and they will be required to obtain certificates.


Which means
Which means….. is the principal.

  • In case of collectives like companies, firms, banks a person will be appointed who will hold a license and the others who work along with him will have to obtain certificates.


WHAT is the principal.

IS THE PROCEDURE FOR BECOMING

AN AGENT ?


Procedure for becoming an agent
PROCEDURE FOR BECOMING AN AGENT is the principal.

The Insurance Act, 1938 (Section 42) states that an insurance agent must possess a license issued by IRDA.

The IRDA has authorized designated persons in each insurance company to issue licenses on behalf of IRDA.


License
LICENSE is the principal.

  • The licence allows the person to act as agent for life insurer, for a general insurer or as a composite insurance agent working for a life insurer as well as a general insurer.

  • No agent is allowed to work for more than one life insurer or more than one general insurer

  • The licence issued by IRDA will be valid for 3 years

  • Fees is Rs 250/- for individuals as well as corporate agents

  • The fees for the certification of the specified person is Rs 500/-


Qualifications to get a license
QUALIFICATIONS TO GET A LICENSE is the principal.

The individual or corporate insurance executive

  • must be at least 18 years old.

  • have passed at least 12th standard or equivalent examination if he is to be appointed in a place with a population of 5000 or more or 10th standard otherwise.


Qualifications to get a license contd
QUALIFICATIONS TO GET A LICENSE is the principal.(Contd)

  • Have undergone training for at least 100 hours in life or general insurance business.

  • In case of composite insurance agent 150 hours training is must.

  • Must have passed the pre-recruitment examination conducted by the Insurance Institute of India or any other examination body recognized by the IRDA.


Disqualifications
DISQUALIFICATIONS is the principal.

A person is debarred from holding a license or an issued license is subject to cancellation if

  • He is a minor

  • Has been found to be of unsound mind by a court of competent jurisdiction.

  • Has been found guilty of criminal breach of trust, misappropriation, cheating, forgery or abetment or attempt to commit any such

    offence.


Disqualifications contd
DISQUALIFICATIONS (CONTD...) is the principal.

  • Found guilty of or knowingly participating in or conniving at any fraud , dishonesty or misrepresentation against an insurer or an insured.

  • Not possessing the requisite qualifications and specified training.

  • Not passed examinations as specified by the

    Regulations.

  • Found violating the code of conduct as specified by the Regulations


Renewal of license
RENEWAL OF LICENSE is the principal.

Applications for renewal have to made at least 30 days before the expiry of the license


Prior to renewal of license the agent should have completed
Prior to renewal of license the Agent should have completed is the principal.

  • 25 hours practical training in life or general insurance business.

  • 50 hours practical training in life and general insurance business in case of composite insurance agent.


Renumeration of agent
RENUMERATION OF AGENT is the principal.

An agent works on commission basis. A stated percentage of the premium collected through his agency is paid as commission.

Section 40 A(1) if the Insurance Act states that commission

  • shall be 35% of the first year’s premium

  • 71/2% of the second and third year’s renewal premium

  • 5% of subsequent renewal premium.


Exceptions
Exceptions is the principal.

  • During the first ten years of insurer’s business , 40% may be paid instead of 35% of first year’s premium.

  • 6% commission can be paid on the renewal premium even beyond the third year.

  • Commission rates are less

  • under term assurance plan

  • for shorter duration policies

  • under single premium plans

  • under pension/annuity plans


Agency as a profession
AGENCY AS A PROFESSION is the principal.

  • An agent is expected to obtain life insurance business and contribute to the revenues of the insurer.

  • He should report on relevant features that affect the risk .

  • Having met the prospect , he would be aware of the nature and characteristic of risk . He is therefore, called the primary underwriter.


Agent primary underwriter
Agent - Primary Underwriter is the principal.

  • He is expected to disclose all the relevant facts that would affect the risk. Since he is the person who has seen and observed the prospect, he is aware of the nature & the risk. Hence he is obliged to report all the true facts about the prospect.


Agency as a profession1
AGENCY AS A PROFESSION is the principal.

Agent has the dual responsibility of being true to the interests of both the parties .

  • He is obliged to reveal all the important terms and conditions of the policy to the prospect even if they are restrictive and unpleasant. He is also obliged to report to the insurer all the true facts about the prospect .


Thank you m j malik s b a 836 b o ahmedabad d o 09879094925 lic malik@gmail com
THANK YOU is the principal.M. J. MALIKS.B.A.836 B.O.AHMEDABAD [email protected]


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