Administrative english
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ADMINISTRATIVE ENGLISH. COURSE OUTLINE. Basic terminology and issues in the administrative, economic, political and legal areas. Separation of powers: the legislative power, the executive power, the judicial power.

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Administrative english

ADMINISTRATIVE ENGLISH


Course outline

COURSE OUTLINE

  • Basic terminology and issues in the administrative, economic, political and legal areas.

  • Separation of powers: the legislative power, the executive power, the judicial power.


Administrative english

  • The concept of public administration. The system of public administration in Poland. Bodies and offices of public administration. Governmental administration. Local government and self-government.


Administrative english

  • The study and classification of law. Public and private law. Branches of law. Constitutional law. International law. Sources of law.

  • Public finance. Budget. Taxes classification, tax return.


Administrative english

  • International organizations.

  • Organization and functioning of an office. Preparing typical documents: messages and notes, emails, letters, memos, short reports.


Course requirements and grading

COURSE REQUIREMENTS AND GRADING

The grade is going to be based on a final written test or/and papers/tasks.


Country

COUNTRY


1 being a country

1. BEING A COUNTRY

an area of land with its own people,

government, etc. – obszar ziemi z

własnym narodem, rządem, itd.

Which country do you come from?


Administrative english

a country with its own government:

state - państwo, (more formal) nation

member states of the European Union

– państwa członkowskie Unii

Europejskiej

the nations of Western Europe


Administrative english

national – krajowy, narodowy

a national newspaper

nationwide – ogólnokrajowy,

o krajowym zasięgu

a nationwidecampaign


Administrative english

a country that is headed by – kraj,

na którego czele stoi

a president: republic

a king or queen: monarchy, kingdom


Administrative english

a country that is a union of states:

federation

federal

a federal law - prawo federalne


2 the people of a country

2. THE PEOPLE OF A COUNTRY

a person who lives in a country:

inhabitant

the inhabitants of India


Administrative english

a person whoislegally a member of

a country:

citizen

a citizen of the United Kingdom

citizenship

Australiancitizenship


Administrative english

being a citizen of a particular

country: nationality

What nationality are you?

She has Greek nationality.


Administrative english

allthecitizens of a country:

thepeople, nation

thepeople of France

ThePresidentmade a speech to the

nation.

Prezydent wygłosił mowę do narodu.


Administrative english

the number of people who live in a

particular place: population

The population of Poland is ???


3 parts of a country

3. PARTS OF A COUNTRY

  • region, regional

  • district – dystrykt, dzielnica

  • province, provincial

  • an areainBritain, Ireland and the USA thathasitsownlocalgovernment: county - hrabstwo


Administrative english

the town or city where

the government of a country is:

capital - stolica

??? is the capital of the USA.


4 relations between countries

4. RELATIONS BETWEEN COUNTRIES

foreign – zagraniczny, obcy

a foreign language

foreigner – obcokrajowiec,

cudzoziemiec

abroad – za granicą, za granicę

Our son livesabroad.


Administrative english

sth that happens inside a country –

coś, co ma miejsce w kraju:

internal – wewnętrzny

internal affairs – sprawy

wewnętrzne


Administrative english

domestic – wewnętrzny, krajowy,

domowy

domestic flights – krajowe loty


Administrative english

internal ↔ external

The current economic problems are

caused by external factors.

Obecne problemy gospodarcze

spowodowane są czynnikami

zewnętrznymi.


Administrative english

involving two or more countries –

dotyczący co najmniej dwóch

krajów: international

an international trade agreement –

międzynarodowa umowa handlowa


Administrative english

an agreementbetweentwo

countries to supporteachother –

umowa między dwoma krajami

mająca na celu wzajemne

wsparcie: alliance- sojusz

a militaryalliance

ally - sojusznik


Administrative english

if a country is not controlled by

another country, itisindependent –

niepodległy, niezależny

Sloveniabecame independent from

Yugoslaviain 1991.

Słowenia stała się niezależna od

Jugosławii w 1991 roku.

independence

The Day of Independencein Poland is on ???


5 moving from one country to another

5. MOVING FROM ONE COUNTRY TO ANOTHER


6 being forced to leave a country

6. BEING FORCED TO LEAVE A COUNTRY


Economy

ECONOMY


1 economic systems

1. ECONOMIC SYSTEMS


Administrative english

theoperation of trade and

business withoutgovernment

control – funkcjonowanie handlu i

biznesu bez kontroli rządu:

freeenterprise– wolna konkurencja

rynkowa

privateenterprise– sektor

prywatny


Administrative english

an economy where the government

does not fix prices – gospodarka, w

której rząd nie ustala cen:

free-market economy – gospodarka

wolnorynkowa


2 money

2. MONEY

the kind of money that a country

uses – rodzaj pieniądza

wykorzystywany przez kraj:

currency – waluta

a strong currency


Administrative english

connected with money – związany z

pieniędzmi: monetary

the Government’s monetary policy -

polityka monetarna rządu


Administrative english

the management of money: finance

reduction of thevalue of money –

obniżenie wartości pieniądza: devaluation

The British poundhasbeendevaluated by

3% againstthe Swiss franc.

Funt brytyjski zdewaluował się o 3% w

stosunku do franka szwajcarskiego.


Administrative english

tax – podatek

to increase taxes – podnosić

podatki

taxation – opodatkowanie

budget


Administrative english

the government department that

controls spending and taxation –

organ rządu kontrolujący wydatki

system podatkowy: the Treasury –

Skarb Państwa


3 trade and industry

3. TRADE AND INDUSTRY

demand – popyt ↔ supply – podaż

trade, commerce – handel

commercial - ???

industry – przemysł

industrial - ???


4 economic conditions

4. ECONOMIC CONDITIONS

GNP (gross national product) – PNB

(produkt narodowy brutto)

GDP (gross domestic product) - ???


Administrative english

a period in which an economy

develops quickly – okres, w którym

gospodarka szybko się rozwija:

boom


Administrative english

to be financiallysuccessful – odnosić

sukces finansowy: prosper

prosperity - koniunktura

prosperous – dobrze prosperujący

a prosperous company


Administrative english

a sudden fall in trade or the value

of sth – nagły spadek w handlu lub

wartości: slump – załamanie, kryzys

a slump in house prices – spadek

cen mieszkań


Administrative english

a period when a country’s economy

is not successful: recession

The economy is moving out of

recession.

Gospodarka wychodzi z recesji.


Administrative english

a very serious recession:

depression

We’re facing another depression.

Stoimy przed kolejnym głębokim

kryzysem.


Administrative english

a failure in a business world –

upadek, klęska w świecie biznesu:

crash - krach

the Wall Street crash of 1929


Administrative english

the general increase in prices –

ogólny wzrost cen: inflation

Inflation is now 2% per year.

Inflacja wynosi obecnie 2% rocznie.


Homework

HOMEWORK

1. Revisenames of countries and nationalities (especiallyEuropean Union).

2. Whatarethemainpoliticalideas?

3. FindthePolisheuivalents of thefollowingproverbs:

  • In the country of theblind, the one

    eyedmanis a king.

  • Money can’t buy happiness.

  • Nothingiscertain but death and taxes.


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