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Early Islamic Art. Islam means “Surrender to God “ Founded in Early Middle Ages. Mosque Features. Sahn : enclosed courtyard Quibla : prayer wall oriented toward Mecca Mihrab : niche set into the prayer wall Minbar : a pulpit from which the imam (teacher) leads the faithful. Muhammed.

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Early islamic art

Early Islamic Art

Islam means “Surrender to God “

Founded in Early Middle Ages


Mosque features
Mosque Features

  • Sahn: enclosed courtyard

  • Quibla: prayer wall oriented toward Mecca

  • Mihrab: niche set into the prayer wall

  • Minbar: a pulpit from which the imam (teacher) leads the faithful


Muhammed
Muhammed

  • Born 570 ACE in Mecca

  • Fled to Medina in 622 ACE

  • Returned to Mecca to turn the Qa’aba from a pagan shrine to an Islamic one.

  • Religious monotheism Islam ( submission to God). Rejected the Trinity of Christianity (Father, Son, Holy Ghost)


Five pillars of islam
Five Pillars of Islam

  • Recitation of the Muslim act of faith that there is one God and that Muhammad is God’s messenger

  • The obligation to pray five times a day in a direction that points to the Qa’aba in Mecca. Added obligation to participate in Friday prayers as a community and hear a sermon

  • To donate a portion of the surplus of one’s wealth to charity

  • To fast during the holy month of Ramadan- total abstinence of all food and drink from sunrise to sunset.

  • To make a pilgrimage to Mecca (called the Haj) at least once in a lifetime.


Qur an
Qur’an

  • Qur’an ( Arabic for “recitation”)

  • Written Arabic text of the recitations of Muhammad’s teachings put together a generation after his death

  • It is as long as the New Testament of the Bible

  • Authoritative commentators on the Qur’an and the explication of certain oral traditions about the Prophet and the early Islamic community constitute a body of literature called Hadith. Developed a legal code that is used for adopting Islamic for its government.




Arches that enabled the roof to

Cover the most floor space at the

Time.

The dome in front of the Mihrab


Mihrab was reserved for the Caliph.






Islamic calligraphy
Islamic Calligraphy Spain.

  • Writing is the most honored art in Islam

  • Adorns books, buildings, ceramics, textiles, and metal works.

  • Kufic style was abstract linear rhythms.


Sultan tugra Spain.

Islamic calligraphy



1602 -1616 ac Spain.

Luftallah Mosque

Iran


Translation of text woven into carpet: Spain.'Except for thy threshold, there is no refuge for me in all the world.Except for this door there is no resting-place for my head.The work of the slave of the portal, Maqsud Kashani.'

Oldest known carpet


Vocabulary
Vocabulary Spain.

  • Arabesque Calligraphy

  • Jali Koran

  • Mecca, Medina Mihrab

  • Minaret Minbar

  • Mosque Muhammad(570-632)

  • Muqarnas Qiblah

  • Tessellation


Multiple choice
Multiple choice Spain.

  • Persian manuscripts are unusual in Islamic art because they

  • Have great emotional range

  • Resist the ban on images

  • Incorporate arabesques into their work

  • Use a painterly brushstroke


2. Minarets are used to Spain.

  • Balance architectural members

  • Display calligraphy

  • Direct people’s attention to Mecca

  • Call people to prayer


3. The Dome of the Rock marks the site where Spain.

  • Jesus was born

  • The Koran was written

  • Muhammad was born

  • Muhammad ascended to heaven





7. The highest calling for an Islamic artist is to be have

  • A calligrapher

  • A painter

  • A sculptor

  • An architect


8. The Mosque of haveSelim II was inspired by

  • Santa Constanza

  • The Hagia Sophia

  • San Vitale

  • The Dome of the Rock


9. The Alhambra was a have

  • Mosque

  • Palace

  • Shrine

  • frieze


10. Arabesques are based on have

  • Calligraphy

  • Geometric patterns

  • Animal motifs

  • Floral designs


Short essay 10 minutes
Short Essay (10 minutes) have

This is an Islamic work of art. Where in the Islamic world does this painting come from? What characteristics place it within this culture?


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