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Wednesday December 14, 2011. Starter – Respond to the Questions on notebook paper . Suppose the your family were much larger – perhaps two or three times larger than it is now. What would be some of the benefits of living in a larger family?

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Starter respond to the questions on notebook paper
Starter – Respond to the Questions on notebook paper

Suppose the your family were much larger – perhaps two or three times larger than it is now.

What would be some of the benefits of living in a larger family?

What might be some of the drawbacks, or costs?


Octavian became caesar augustus
Octavian became Caesar Augustus

Julius Caesar’s grandnephew, Octavian, became Caesar Augustus, the supreme ruler of the Roman Empire


Lucius quintius cincinnatus
Lucius Quintius Cincinnatus

One of the heroes of the Roman republic was Lucius Quintius Cincinnatus.

In 458 B.C.E., the Roman Senate made Cincinnatus dictator, or supreme ruler, so that he could rescue the city from an attack by a neighboring tribe.

After defeating the enemy, Cincinnatus willingly gave up his power and returned to his farm.


Read Section 34.3 Rome’s Conquest of the Italian Peninsula, 509 to 264 B.C.E.

Answer the two questions


Section 3 509 to 264 b c e
Section 3 509 to 264 B.C.E. Peninsula, 509 to 264 B.C.E.

1. How were the Romans able to take control of the Italian peninsula?

1. The Romans defeated the Etruscans, Samnities, and Greek city-states to take control of the Italian peninsula. The also formed alliances with neighbors.


Section 3 509 to 264 b c e1
Section 3 509 to 264 B.C.E. Peninsula, 509 to 264 B.C.E.

2. Who might have had a negative view of Roman expansion during this period, and why?

2. Plebeians would have objected to this expansion because they had to serve in the army. Defeated people would have objected because they had to serve in the army, pay Roman taxes, and couldn’t always become Roman citizens.


Section 4
Section 4 Peninsula, 509 to 264 B.C.E.

Read 34.4 Overseas Expansion During the Punic Wars, 264 B.C.E. to 146 B.C.E.

Answer the reading notes questions


Section 4 264 to 146 b c e
Section 4 264 to 146 B.C.E. Peninsula, 509 to 264 B.C.E.

1. Why did Romans fight the Punic Wars? What did they gain?

1. Rome fought with Carthage for control of the Mediterranean region. Rome gained control of North Africa, Spain, Macedonia, and Greece, Riches, slaves, and new ideas came form the conquered lands.


Section 4 264 to 146 b c e1
Section 4 264 to 146 B.C.E. Peninsula, 509 to 264 B.C.E.

2. Who might have had a negative view of Roman expansion during this period, and why?

2. Carthaginians would have objected because the Romans sold them into slavery and burned Carthage, Roman farmers would have objected because Hannibal destroyed many farms.


Section 5
Section 5 Peninsula, 509 to 264 B.C.E.

Read 34.5 Expansion During the Final Years of the Republic, 145 B.C.E. to 44 B.C.E

Answer the reading notes questions


Section 5 145 to 44 b c e
Section 5 145 to 44 B.C.E Peninsula, 509 to 264 B.C.E.

1. When Julius Caesar became dictator of Rome, what reforms did he make?

1. Julius Caesar began construction projects to provide work. He adopted a new calendar. He provided public entertainment for the poor. He also started new colonies and granted citizenship to people in Gaul and Spain.


Section 5 145 to 44 b c e1
Section 5 145 Peninsula, 509 to 264 B.C.E.to 44 B.C.E

2. Who might have had a negative view of Roman expansion during this period, and why?

2. People from conquered lands would objected to being enslaved. Farmers and laborers did not like losing their jobs to slaves.

The Senate might have objected to expansion during tis period because military leaders were a threat to the Senators’ power.


Section 6 44 b c e to 14 c e
Section 6 44 B.C.E. to 14 C.E. Peninsula, 509 to 264 B.C.E.

Read 34.6 Rome Becomes and Empire, 44 B.C.E. to 14 C.E.

Answer the reading notes quesitons


Section 6 44 b c e to 14 c e1
Section 6 44 B.C.E. to 14 C.E. Peninsula, 509 to 264 B.C.E.

1. Describe the Pax Romana and other positive aspects of Augustus’s reign.

1. The Pax Romana was a peaceful period of Roman rule in the Mediterranean that lasted 200 years. Caesar Augustus encouraged education, art, and literature, started new construction projects and public services; increased the size of the empire, and improved trade.


Section 6 44 b c e to 14 c e2
Section 6 44 B.C.E. to 14 C.E. Peninsula, 509 to 264 B.C.E.

2. Who might have had a negative view of Roman expansion during this period, and why?

2. Romans might have objected to the harsh punishments Augustus established for people who did not follow moral standards. They might also have objected to the Praetorian Guard and the need for huge army to control such a large amount of territory.


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