Chapter 4 section 2
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Chapter 4 Section 2. American Revolution. Revolution Begins:. Summer/Fall 1774: Colonists created provincial congresses and militias raided British depots. In Massachusetts, the “Minutemen” began to drill for battle (Ready to fight in minutes).

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Chapter 4 Section 2

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Chapter 4 section 2

Chapter 4 Section 2

American Revolution


Revolution begins

Revolution Begins:

  • Summer/Fall 1774: Colonists created provincial congresses and militias raided British depots.

  • In Massachusetts, the “Minutemen” began to drill for battle (Ready to fight in minutes).

  • The rebellious actions of the colonists infuriates England.

  • This revolution will not only be a war fought between the colonies and England, but also a civil war amongst the colonies.


The two sides

The Two Sides:

  • Loyalist (Tories): American colonists who remained loyal to King George III and felt that British law should be upheld.

  • The group included government officials, prominent merchants, landowners (GA, SC, NC, and NY).

  • Patriots (Whigs): Americans who wanted change and viewed George as a tyrant.

  • Group included: Artisans, farmers, merchants, planters, lawyers (VA and NE).

  • About half of the American population remained neutral.


Early fighting

Early Fighting:

  • April 18, 1775: British General Thomas Gage and 7oo troops tried to seize the minutemen’s military supplies at Concord MA.

  • They will pass through Lexington on their way.

  • Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Dr. Samuel Prescott will warn that “The British are Coming”.

  • April 19th: Gage’s men arrived in Lexington and were greeted by 70 Minutemen.

  • Shots were fired signifying the beginning of the American Revolution.

  • Concord: The British met up with 400 Minutemen and will eventually retreat to Boston.


Second continental congress

Second Continental Congress:

  • June 1775: Colonies sent representatives to Philadelphia to make a plan for defense.

  • They adopted the Massachusetts minutemen who had the British surrounded in Boston (more British troops are on the way).

  • June 15th: George Washington was appointed the head of the new Continental Army.

  • Washington will leave Philadelphia and head for Boston.


Battle of bunker hill

Battle of Bunker Hill:

  • June 17th 1775: General Gage sent 2200 red coats to attack the new Continental Army on the outskirts of Boston.

  • William Prescott: American Commander who urges his men to “Don’t fire until you see the whites of their eyes”.

  • Prescott’s forces only retreated after they ran out of ammunition.

  • Importance: It gave the Continental Army confidence, they could stand up to the world’s best army (British).


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