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如何写好句子 提高作文档次. 阅卷者喜欢什么样的文章?. 1 、书写工整,卷面整洁 2 、紧扣主题,逻辑清晰 3 、语言简约,语法正确 4 、要点齐全,细节完整 5 、详略得当, 适当 发挥. 优秀作文的六个特性. 1 、条理性; 2 、准确性; 3 、流畅性; 4 、简洁多样性; 5 、思想性; 6 、美观性;. 提高作文档次五招. 1. 表达精练简洁。 2. 避免低级错误。 3. 保证赏心悦目。 4. 句子错落有致。 5. 句式多种多样。. Special Attention. 如书写较差,以致影响交际,将分数降低一个档次。.

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如何写好句子提高作文档次


阅卷者喜欢什么样的文章?

  • 1、书写工整,卷面整洁

  • 2、紧扣主题,逻辑清晰

  • 3、语言简约,语法正确

  • 4、要点齐全,细节完整

  • 5、详略得当,适当发挥


优秀作文的六个特性

1、条理性;

2、准确性;

3、流畅性;

4、简洁多样性;

5、思想性;

6、美观性;


提高作文档次五招

  • 1.表达精练简洁。

  • 2.避免低级错误。

  • 3.保证赏心悦目。

  • 4.句子错落有致。

  • 5.句式多种多样。


Special Attention

如书写较差,以致影响交际,将分数降低一个档次。


平时书写中普遍存在的问题

1.字迹潦草

2.涂改过多

3.字体不当


打破常规,变换句子开头

1.我不知道如何去火车站。

I have no idea how I can get to the railway station.

2.假如多给些照顾,那些树会长得更好。

Given more attention,the trees could have grown better

3.由于没有收到他的信,我给他打了电话。

Not receiving any letter from him, I gave him a call.

4.他那么害怕,一动也不敢动。 

So frightened was he that he did not dare to move an inch.


打破常规,变换句子开头

5.夕阳西下,我们不得不与工人们道别。

With the sun setting in the west, we had to wave goodbye to the workers.

6.在朝电影院走的时候,他遇到了一个外国人。

Walking towards the cinema, he met a foreigner.


基本句型 一

1、时光飞逝。

Time flies!

2、我们都学英语。

We all learn English.


基本句型 一

S +V(主+谓)

此句型的句子有一个共同特点,即句子的谓语动词都能表达完整的意思。

这类动词叫做不及物动词,后面可以跟副词、介词短语、状语从句等。


基本句型一 口头练习

1、我们都吃饭喝水。

We all eat and drink.

2、孩子们正在玩。

The children are playing.

3、大家都笑了。

Everybody laughed.

4、我成功了。

I succeeded.


基本句型 二

S +V +P(主+系+表)

1、这是一本英语词典。

This is an English dictionary.

2、饭闻起来很香。

The dinner smells good.


基本句型 二

S +V +P(主+系+表)

此句型的句子有一个共同的特点:句子谓语动词都不能表达一个完整的意思,必须加上一个表明主语身份或状态的表语构成复合谓语,才能表达完整的意思。这类动词叫做连系动词。


基本句型 二

S +V +P(主+系+表)

系动词分三类:

一、be 本身没有什么意义,只起连系主语和表的作用;

二、be, look, feel, smell, taste, sound等表示感官情况;

三、get, grow, become, turn, go 等表示变化。

其它系动词仍保持其部分词义:stay, prove, remain, fall…


基本句型二口头练习

1、他又高又壮。

He is tall and strong.

2、我们感到很累。

We feel very tired.

3、天气正在转暖。

The weather is becoming warmer.

4、她的脸变红了。

Her face turned red.


基本句型 三

1、谁知道答案?

Who knows the answer?

2、我们爱我们的学校。

We love our school.

2、


基本句型 三

S +V +O(主+谓+宾)

此句型句子的共同特点是:谓语动词都具有实义,都是主语产生的动作,但不能表达完整的意思,必须跟有一个宾语,即动作的承受者,才能使意思完整。这类动词叫做及物动词。


基本句型三 口头练习

1、我们需要更多的睡眠。

We need more sleep.

2、他犯了一些错误。

He made some mistakes.

3、老师表扬了我。

The teacher praised me.

4、我们会说英语。

We can speak English.


基本句型 四

1、老师递给我一本新书。

The teacher passed me a new book.

2、妈妈给她做了一顿可口的饭。

Her mother cooked her a delicious dinner.


基本句型 四

S+V+O+O(主+谓+间宾+直宾)

此句型的句子有一个共同特点:谓语动词必须跟有两个宾语才能表达完整的意思。这两个宾语一个是动作的直接承受者,另一个是动作的间接承受者。

常见的带双宾得动词有give, ask, bring, offer, send, pay, lend, show, tell, buy, get, warm等。


基本句型四口头练习

1、老师向我们展示了一幅地图。

The teacher showed us a map.

2、我帮他了一个忙。

I gave him a hand.

3、我给妈妈买了一件礼物。

I bought my mother a present.

4、朋友给我带来了好消息。

My friend brought me some good news.


基本句型 五

基本句型五

1、我们保持校园清洁。

We keep our school clean.

2、我们把门漆成了绿色。

We painted the door green.


基本句型 五

S +V +O +C(主+谓+宾+宾补)

此句型的句子的共同特点是:动词虽然是及物动词,但是只跟一个宾语还不能表达完整的意思,必须加上一个补充成分来补足宾语,才能使意思完整。


基本句型五口头练习

1、我们发现考试很容易。

We found the test very easy.

2、爸爸让我快点回来。

My father asked me to come back soon.

3、什么使她如此悲伤?

What makes her so sad?

4、我发现教室空空如也。

I found the classroom empty.


两个简单句的宾语可由and、both…and等连词连接组成一个简单句。两个简单句的宾语可由and、both…and等连词连接组成一个简单句。

I met Jane. I met her husband.

I met Janeand her husband.

I metbothJaneandher husband.

It was cold. It was wet.

It wascold and wet.

I didn’t meet Jane. I didn’t meet her husband.

I didn’t meet eitherJane orher husband.

I metneitherJanenorher husband.

两个或两个以上限定动词也可合并为一个简单句。

We sang all night. We danced all night.

Wesang and dancedall night.

主语、谓语、宾语的合并


并列句两个简单句的宾语可由and、both…and等连词连接组成一个简单句。

需把几个意思连接在一起时,可用分号或把两个或几个简单句用并列连词连接起来,这种结构即构成一个并列句。

用分号:

We fished all day; we didn’t catch a thing.

用分号,后跟一个连接副词:

We fished all day; however, we didn’t catch a thing.

用并列连词(如and、but、so、yet等)

We fished all day, but (we) didn’t catch a thing.


并列句两个简单句的宾语可由and、both…and等连词连接组成一个简单句。

常用并列连词

  • 平行并列连词:

  • 转折并列连词:

  • 因果并列连词:

  • 选择并列连词:

and, both…and, not only…but also, neither…nor, and then

but, however, while, yet

for, so

or, either…or, neither… nor


并列句两个简单句的宾语可由and、both…and等连词连接组成一个简单句。

并列句的词序:并列句基本上保留了简单句的词序。

主语 谓语宾语 连词 主语动词 表语

Jimmy fell offhis bike but (he)wasn’t hurt.


并列句两个简单句的宾语可由and、both…and等连词连接组成一个简单句。

并列句的词序:并列句基本上保留了简单句的词序。

五种简单句型可用并列连词连接起来组成并列句。

主 谓 状(方式)连 主 谓 表

Frank worked hard and (he ) became an architect.


并列句两个简单句的宾语可由and、both…and等连词连接组成一个简单句。

并列句的词序:并列句基本上保留了简单句的词序。

五种简单句型可用并列连词连接起来组成并列句。

主 谓 宾 连 主 谓 地点

I ’ve gota cold, so I ’m going to bed.


并列句两个简单句的宾语可由and、both…and等连词连接组成一个简单句。

并列句的词序:并列句基本上保留了简单句的词序。

五种简单句型可用并列连词连接起来组成并列句。

主 谓 宾 宾补连 主 谓 宾

They madehimchairman, but (they) didn’t increasehis salary.


Exercise:两个简单句的宾语可由and、both…and等连词连接组成一个简单句。

请用合适的并列连词把每组句子合并为一个并列句。

1. He was tired. He went to bed.

He was tired, so he went to bed.

2. The child hid behind his mother's skirt. He was afraid of the dog.

The child hid behind his mother's skirt, for he was afraid of the dog.

3. He made a promise. He didn’t keep it.

He made a promise, but He didn’t keep it.


由一个主句和一个或者一个以上从句所两个简单句的宾语可由and、both…and等连词连接组成一个简单句。

构成的句子。在英语书面语中应用广泛。

主句是一个完整的句子,它可以独立存在。

从句是一个不完整的句子,它必须和一个

主句连用,不能独立存在。

复合句可以通过把两个以上简单句连接

在一起构成,但复合句的各组成部份并非

同等重要,其中一个句子由从属连词引

导(从句),用以修饰另一句子(主句)。

复合句 = 主句 + 从句

复合句


复合句是在简单句的基础上,通过从属连词将两个或两个以上简单句连接在一起而构成。从属连词所引导的从句起形容词、名词、副词的作用。复合句主要包含以下类型从句:

1. 主语从句 2. 宾语从句

3. 表语从句 4. 定语从句

5. 状语从句 6. 同位语从句

  • 英文写作中最常使用的从句

  • 宾语从句

  • 状语从句

  • 定语从句


复合句与简单句:复合句 = 简单句 + 从属连词 +简单句

whenhe was

leaving for Paris.

thatthe match had

been cancelled.

He told me

the news.

宾语从句

宾语

that I could have the

money without delay.

that his father

was working in

that school.

how much he was prepared

to pay for my car.

how muchhe was prepared to

pay for my car andthatI could

have the money without delay.


复合句与简单句:复合句 = 简单句 + 从属连词 +简单句

What he said

what he did

surprised

the people

in the room.

定语

That

主语

who were sitting in the room.

who were present.

whose sons were at war.

who had signed the contract.

Thathe didn’t

know the answer


复合句与简单句:复合句 = 简单句 + 从属连词 +简单句

That

is

the fact.

表 语

whathe needs.

what he gave me.

whyhe was late.

becausehe was ill.

whathas happened.


复合句与简单句:复合句 = 简单句 + 从属连词 +简单句

I lived there.

He lived there

three years ago.

where I lived

He worked

in that factory

地点状语

three years ago.

时间状语

in that factory

where his

father worked

when he

lived there

His father worked there.


复合句与简单句:复合句 = 简单句 + 从属连词 +简单句

where it was.

Put the book

on the desk.

地点状语

whereyou found it.

where you took it.

wherever you like.

You can’t camp

here.

where there are

a lot of trees.


Practice

指出下列各从句的类型

宾语从句

  • I believe that everything is going on well.

  • She was reading a novel when I came in.

  • She is the girl who sings best in my class.

状语从句

定语从句


Practice

用所给连词连接句子。

He has found out. She was late. (why)

He has found out why she was late.

I still remember the day. I first went to York on that day. (when)

I still remember the day when I first

went to York.

将各组句子连接为一个含有状语从句的复合句。

He didn’t come yesterday. He was ill. (原因)

He didn’t come yesterday because he was ill.


I’ll give the letter to him. I see him. (时间)

It is such a big box. Nobody can move it. (结果)

We’ll go to the great wall. It’s fine tomorrow. (条件)

We should not go there all the time. The place is quite pleasant.(让步)

I’ll give the letter to him when I see him.

I’ll give the letter to him as soon as I see him.

I’ll give the letter to him the moment I see him.

It is such a big box that nobody can move it.

We’ll go to the great wall if it’s fine tomorrow.

Although the place is quite pleasant, we should not go there all the time.


简单句 -----〉并列句

I went home and she stayed at the school.

She plays not only the piano, but (also) the guitar.

It is morning, for the birds are singing in the trees.


连接句子

  • and furthermore besides in addition moreover also likewise not only…but also

  • But yet however nevertheless still

  • in contrast while

  • for as since because

  • Or otherwise

  • So consequently therefore thus accordingly thenas a result

  • nor neither


练习 1-连词连接句子

  • 1. Mr. Smith is an English teacher ______ he teaches us English.

  • 2. When you are learning English, use it as often as possible, ______ you might drop it.

  • 3. It’s a long story, ______ there are few new words in it, ______ it will be easy for children.

and

or

but

so


连词连接句子

  • 4. I don’t agree with you, ______does my partner.

  • 5. He broke the rules of the school; ______he had to leave.

  • 6. I don’t know anything against the man; ______I trust him.

nor /neither

therefore

however


连词连接句子

  • 7. I’ll buy a new suit when I get the cheque for the work I did; ______, I’m afraid this old one will have to do a bit longer.

  • 8. ______is your answer wrong _______mine is.

  • 9. You must work harder; _______you will be put into another class.

  • and 2.or 3.but,so 4. nor/neither 5.therefore 6. however 7. nevertheless 8. not only…but also 9.otherwise

nevertheless

Not only

but also

Otherwise/or


3. 使用恰当的连接词

1. 使用较高级的词汇

2. 使用较丰富的句式

技 巧

增强书面表达效果的技巧

词汇反映你知识贮存量的多少,也是衡量英语水平的一个重要标志。

运用得当的句子结构可以给文章增色不少,从而使整篇文章因此而生辉 。

使用恰当连接词,对写一篇有“英语味”的文章很重要,能使文章上下衔接自然、紧凑。


一、怎样使用较高级的词汇

1. Because the weather was good, our journey was comfortable.

2.We all think he is a great man.

3.Suddenly I thought out a good idea.

4.The students there needn’t pay for their books.

5. As a result the plan was a failure.

Thanks to the good weather,our journey was comfortable.

We all think highly of him .

A good idea occurred to me.

/ A good idea suddenly struck me.

Books are free for the students there.

The plan turned out to be a failure.


6. When she heard he had died, she went pale with sorrow.

7. She went to Austria in order to study music.

8. When he spoke, he felt more and more excited.

9.In our school, there are twenty-six classrooms.

10.You can find my house easily.

At the news of his death,she went pale with sorrow.

She went to Austriafor the purpose of studying music.

The more he spoke, the more excited he felt.

Our school is made up of twenty–six classrooms.

You’ll have no trouble finding my house.


二、怎样使用较丰富的句式

1 When he arrives, please give me an e-mail.(使用V-ing形式).

2. To his surprise, the little girl knows so many things.(使用名词性从句)

3. Though I’m weak, I’ll make the effort. (使用倒装句)

4. He did not know what had happened until he had read the news in the newspaper.(使用强调句型)

On his arriving, please give me an e-mail.

What surprises him is thatthe little girl knows so many things.

Weak as I am, I’ll make the effort.

It was not until he had read the news in the newspaper that he knew what had happened.


词汇表达替换练习

  • Suddenly I had an idea that someone had broken into my house. →

  • An idea occurred to me that someone had broken into my house.

  • It occurred to me that someone had broken into my house.


  • He spends all his spare time in reading. →

  • He devotes all his spare time to reading.

  • Thank you very much for you help. →

  • We appreciate your help very much.

  • Your help is much appreciated.

  • Plenty of memory work is undoubtedly helpful to English study. →

  • Plenty of memory work will undoubtedly contribute to English study.


词汇表达替换练习

  • As soon as he arrived, he began his research. →

  • On his arrival, he began his research.

  • The film we saw last night was very interesting. →

  • The film we saw last night was nothing but interesting.


给阅卷人以好的第一直观印象

1.Heading

点题,一两个好句;概括性

整体三部分

2.Body

中心记述部分;层次分明

3.Ending

小结,呼应主题


选词造句指点迷津

一、适当的运用一些词组、习语来代替单个单词或平淡的句子,以增加文采,丰富语句的表现力。


你将很容易找到我的家

---------

--------------

  • You willfind my house easily.

-----

V

S

O

时态:一般将来时。S+Will +V原形


1 you will find my house easily
1 、You willfind my house easily.

have no difficulty in doing sth

You’llhave no trouble/difficulty (in) finding

my house.


她很喜欢运动。

1.Be fond of 2.be into 3.be interested in 4.enjoy

She likes sports very much.

----

--------

--------

V

O

S


  • She is fond of sports.

  • She is into sports.

  • She is interested in sports.

  • She enjoys sports.


我们将 尽力学好英语。

Try to do sth

We’ll try to learn English well.

do everything sb can to do sth

Try to do sth


1.I hope to receive your letter soon.

2.Because the weather was good,our

journey was comfortable.

I’m looking forward to hearing from you soon.

Because of/Thanks to/Owing to the good

weather,our journey was comfortable.


二、尽量避免过多地重复使用某一单词 ,短语选择使用其他恰当的同义词、词组来代替。

1.He learns English well,he learns maths well ,too.

2.An earthquake happened in Wenchuan. It happenedon May 12th.

do well in

be good at

take place

come about


三、学会套用句型

  • 1.Hewas very tired. He couldn’t walk any farther.

too…to

He was too tired to walk any farther.


With+ 宾语+宾语补足语

(doing/done/adj/to do/adv…)

Because people communicate in English every day,it will become more and more important to have a good knowledge of English.

  • With so many people communicatingin English every day,it will become more and more important to have a good knowledge of English.


With doing done adj to do adv
With+ 宾语+宾语补足语(doing/done/adj/to do/adv…)

With a lot of homework to do,

1.Because he has a lot of homework to do, he doesn’t watch TV.

2.Mr.li came into the classroom, he has a book in his hand.

3.The farmer sleeps, and his window is open.

with a book in his hand

with his window open.


2 if you study hard you will make great progress
2.If you study hard, you will make great progress.

Study hard and you’ll make rapid progress.

祈使句+and/or+陈述句(陈述句要用将来时态)


I was late for school because I got up late.

The reason why…is that

The reason why I was late for school was that I got up late.


四、通过合句,将意义相关的句子用一定的连接方式连接起来,或通过收缩,去掉一些多余的成分,或无意义的重复,避免冗长累赘,松散无力,以增强句子的连贯性,达到更好的表达效果。四、通过合句,将意义相关的句子用一定的连接方式连接起来,或通过收缩,去掉一些多余的成分,或无意义的重复,避免冗长累赘,松散无力,以增强句子的连贯性,达到更好的表达效果。


I am seventeen years old this year,that is to say,I’ll be eighteen years old in 2011.

I’ll be eighteen years old in 2011.


The school is surrounded by many green trees.It looks very beautiful.

The school looks very beautifulwith many green trees surrounding it.

The school surrounded by many green trees looks very beautiful.


五、有效的使用句子间的连接成分,使句子间的逻辑关系更加明确,使整篇文章条理清楚,连贯流畅。五、有效的使用句子间的连接成分,使句子间的逻辑关系更加明确,使整篇文章条理清楚,连贯流畅。



cellphone is popular among teenagers. cellphones make it possible for teenagers to talk with their family.

cellphones make teenagers feel cool.

As we all know,

On one hand,

On the other hand,


Practice Improve the passage cellphones make it possible for teenagers to talk with their family.

Use better phrases to replace the common ones.

I think the Internet is helpful not harmful as someone else thinks. We all know that the Internet is very important in our daily life. On the Internet, we can read news and get much information. We can send E-mails or make phone calls to our family.We can attend the net school, read many books and even teach ourselves English. …

In my opinion

rather than

is playing

As we all know

a more and more important role

not only

but also

Besides we


多看 多背 多模仿 多翻译


写作中表达的多样性但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。


(但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。因为)_____ his help, I finished the work at last.

/with/for

Because of

As a result of

Thanks to

因为

Due to

Owing to


  • 我花了但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。50块钱买这本字典。

Spend… on/in

It costs/takes… to

Pay… for…

Charge sb… for…

I was charged $50 for the dictionary.


  • 我会尽我所能去帮助他。但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。

do/try my best

do everything I can

do all that I can

do what/whatever I can

to help him.

I will

I ’ll help him as much as possible.


经典句型结构但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。:

1. It’s years since I worked in Beijing.

2. It won’t be long before you get well.

3.It was not until you told me that I realized my mistake.

4.Not until you told medidI realize my mistake.

5.It is said that a fire broke out last night.

6.There always exist big gaps between dreams

and realities.

7.She wasso excited that she burst into tears.

8.Work hard, and you are sure to win.


  • He sat there, ____________但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。(手里拿着书)。

  • ____________(eyes/closed) 。

  • ____________(背着书包) 。

  • ____________( nothing/to do)。


Rewrite following sentences但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。

  • There is a girl. She is sitting between us.

  • 2. This is a book.

  • The book was bought yesterday.

There is a girlwho is sitting between us.

This is a book which was bought yesterday.


3但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。. 走在大街上,他遇见了一个老朋友.

Walking in the street

While he was walking in the street, he met an old friend.

4.

_________________, the city looks beautiful.

从天空中看,

Seen from the sky

When it is seen from the sky, the city looks beautiful.


由于不知道他的电话,他无法与但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。Tom取得联系。

Because I didn’t know his telephone number,

I couldn’t get in touch with Tom.

Not knowing his telephone number, he can’t get in touch with Tom.


  • Rewrite the following passage但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。:

  • They went for a walk on the street. They saw the old man. He was knocked down by a car. The car was passing by.

  • Walking on the street, they saw the old man knocked down by a car that was then passing by.


书面表达的衔接与连贯但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。


连接词的分类和运用但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。

连接词是指在文章中用来说明上下句或前后两个意思之间关系的词或词组。连接词通常用于开篇,引出扩展句;也可用于句中,尤其是用于较长的复合句中,以作为上下文的连接纽带;还可以置于文末或段末,用于总结上文或结束本段落的内容。


1 and both and as well as as well neither nor or either or not only but also
1但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。、表示平行、对等或选择关系:and, both…and, as well as, as well, neither…nor, or either…or…,not only…but also…等

He loved swimming when he was a small boy and at eight he became a member of the diving team in Guangdong Province.

I don’t know about others, but I used to have to work even at weekends doing endless homework and attending classes as well.


2.但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。表示转折关系的连接词语有:but, yet, while, however, on the contrary, on the other hand, in spite of, nevertheless, although, otherwise 等

On the other hand, 40% think that fee should be charged because you need money to pay gardeners and other workers.

While they were working, my sister walked to a river nearby.


3 for so therefore as a result because of due to owing to thanks to
3.但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。表示因果关系的连接词:for, so, therefore, as a result, because of, due to, owing to, thanks to,

He stopped us about half an hour ago and made us catch the next offender. So come on, stand here. He didn’t work hard, as a result, he failed in the exam.


4.但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。表示时间顺序的连接词:at first, first, second…, then, next, later, meanwhile, in the end, finally, after that, since then, for the first time, at last, eventually, as soon as, the next moment,shortly after, for one thing, for another thing 等

After that I went to No.6 Middle School of Dalian and graduated this summer. .

The next moment the car hit the man while he was crossing the road.


5.但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。表示空间顺序的连接词:on the right, to the left, on one side of,…, on the other side of…. At the foot\top\end\ of…, in the middle\center of…,等

On one side of the road there is a new classroom building. On the other side, where the playground used to be now, stands another new building—our library.

In it there are all kinds of books, newspapers and magazines.


6.但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。表示解释说明的连接词:that is (to say), in other words, such as, for example\instance, namely, actually, to tell you the truth according to this ,and so on 等

I can follow my own interests such as reading books, visiting museums and taking computer lessons.

In other words , I love my hometown and the people there.


7.但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。表递进关系的连接词:what’s more\worse\better, besides, in addition, worse still, to make things worse, moreover, furthermore, above all, not only… but also等

What’s more , it will become necessary to build gates and walls

In the evenings I can watch news on TV or read newspapers. What’s more ,I can go to bed earlier.

In addition to meeting the need of markets at home, its products are shipped to many countries.


8 in short in brief in a word in general as you know as far as i know on the whole to sum up
8.但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。表示总结的连接词:in short, in brief, in a word, in general, as you know, as far as I know ,on the whole, to sum up等

In short, things have begun to improve since schools were called on to reduce the learning load.

In a word, great changes have taken place in our village.

连接词在文章中起着重要作用,千万不可忽视!!!


2.但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。表示总结

  • in a word (总之), altogether(总之)等。如:

  • Smoking costs us much money and it can easily cause a big fire. In a word, smoking can do us much harm.吸烟耗费许多金钱,而且容易造成火灾。总之,吸烟会给我们带来很多危害。

  • She is kind; she is diligent; she is clever. Altogether, she is a good girl.

  • 她善良、勤奋、聪明。总之,她是一个好女孩。


3.但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。表示情绪

  • to one’s joy(令某人高兴的是),

  • to one’s surprise (令某人惊讶的是), to one’s disappointment (令某人失望的是),

  • to one’s pride (令某人自豪的是),

  • to one’s satisfaction (令某人满意的是),

  • to one’s horror (令某人惊恐的是) 等。


1.但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。表达普遍规律

  • generally speaking(一般说来),

  • in general(一般说来),

  • all in all(总的说来)等。

  • 如:Generally speaking, it is not so cold in February. 一般说来,二月份不是很冷。

  • All in all, drinking isn’t so good to us. 一般说来,喝酒对我们没有什么好处。


  • 如:但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。To my joy, my son passed the exam with a very high mark. 令我高兴的是,我 儿子以高分通过了这次考试。

  • To my surprise, he dared to get angry with his teacher. 令我惊讶的是, 他竟敢生老师的气。

  • To my disappointment, the famous actress didn’t attend the party. 令我失望的是, 这个著名的女演员没有参加宴会。


  • To our pride但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。, our country has set up another man-made satellite. 令我们骄傲的是, 我们国家又发射了一颗人造卫星。

  • To my satisfaction, he answered the question correctly. 令我满意的是,他准确地回答了这个问题。

  • To my horror, the baby fell out of the cradle.


4.但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。表示转折关系

  • however (然而,无论如何), nevertheless (然而,不过)等。

  • 如:This problem is very difficult; however, it is very important.这个问题很难,然而很重要。

  • There was no news; nevertheless, she went on hoping. 尽管毫无音讯,她还盼望者。


5.但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。表示顺序

  • first (第一,首先), second (第二), then (然后),at last (最后), in the end (最后) 等。 如:

  • You have many things to do. First, you should clean the room.你有许多事情要做,首先应该打扫一下房间。

  • He stayed in Beijing for some time; then, he went to Shanghai.他在北京呆了一段时间, 然后去了上海。

  • At first,I thought it difficult to learn English, but in the end I changed my mnd.

  • 以开始我认为英语难学,但最后我改变了看法。


但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。. 模仿练习

  • 用例句中的过渡词汇补全下列各句,每空一词。

  • 1.Generally speaking, men are much stronger than women. 一般说来, 男子比女子强壮得多。

  • ______ ________ , girl are much more gentle than boys.

Generally speaking


  • 2. All in all, your article is well-written. 但是值得提醒的是,同学们在使用复杂的句型和结构时,要有把握能正确地表达;也要注意分寸,应根据书面表达的内容和篇章结构而定,做到地道得体,千万不能生搬硬套,画蛇添足。总得说来,你的文章写得很好。

  • ______ ____ _____, this story is very interesting.

All in all


In a word


To my joy


To my surprise


However


First


at last


To my disappointment


In general


up. . 补充句子

  • 根据中文意思,将下列英文句子补充完整。

  • 1.你给了我许多帮助,也给了我许多鼓舞。总之,没有你我不能成功。

  • You gave me much help and encouragement. ___ ___ ____, I couldn’t have succeeded without you.

In a word


  • 2. up. 总的说来,你的回答不太令人满意。

  • ____ ____ _____, your answer is not so satifying.

  • 3.一般说来没物理比数学难学得多。

  • _____ _______, physics is much more difficult than mathematics.

All in all

Generally speaking


To my satisfaction up.

  • 4.令我满意的是,他数学考试得了满分。

  • ___ ____ _____, he got full marks in the mathematics exam.

  • 5.令我惊恐的是, 我卡见他从树上摔了下来。

  • ____ ____ ______, I saw him fall down from the tree.

  • 6.这辆自行车真的很漂亮,然而我没钱买。

  • This bike is really very beautiful. ______, I have no money to buy it.

To my horror

Nevertheless


  • 7. up. 他首先去了法国,然后又去了美国。

  • First, he went to France; _______ he went to America.

  • 8.令我高兴的是, 我终于说服她改变了主意。

  • ____ _____ _____ . I finally persuaded her to change her mind.

then

To my joy


  • 9. up. 一开始他反对我的计划, 但最后他支持我的计划了。

  • At firsthe was against my plan, but

  • ___ ______ _____ he was for it.

  • 10.你必须购买一些生活必需品。 你必须了解一些关于这个国家的信息。总之, 你必须为这次旅行做好准备。

  • You should buy some living necessities. You should learn something about this country. ___ ___ _____, you must get everything ready for this journey.

In the end

In a word


up. . 行文逻辑训练

  • 阅读短文,选择适当的过渡性词汇填空。

first, what’s worse,

in my opinion, besides,now


Now up.

  • ___1___ many middle school students are fat and there are reasons for it. Some eat too much met and too many snacks. Some sit too long but seldom exercise.

  • Getting fat has quite a few disavantages. ____2_____, being fat makes it difficult for one to walk or move as others.

First


What’s more up.

  • ___3____, to be fat usually means to be weak, and it is easy for a fat person to suffer from many kinds of diseases. At the same time. A fat person gets tired easily, which decreases his study efficency.

  • ____4_____, to be fat is not a good thing for us middle students. We should try to eat less meat but more vegetables. _________ we should try our best to take part in all kinds of sports. If so, we are sure to lose weight and stay healthy.

In my opinion

Besides


up. . 篇章结构训练

  • 给下面的书面表达的主题句排序:

  • 你班同学参加了《学生双语报》组织的一场头论。讨论的主题是:城市内是否可以饲养宠物。请你根据下表所提供的信息,给该报社写一篇文章,介绍讨论情况,并说明自己的观点或建议。用5个句子完成文章。


B up.

C

E

D

A

  • A. Some students are against the idea of keeping pets.

  • B. Some students think it’s a good idea to keep pets.

  • C.I think we can keep pets at home but we must prevent them from polluting our emvironment.

  • D. Recently we have had a heated discussion on whether people should keep pets or not at home in cities.

  • E. In general, opinions differ from people to people.



  • 5.                         up. An AnnouncementBoys and girls,May I have (take) your attention, please.Therewill be a lecture at half past three on Friday afternoon. It’s about “Information and English Study”.And it will be given by Mr LiPingwhois a famous teacher from the English Department.There’s sure to be something instructive and interesting.We can get more information from it, I think.And it will improve our English studies to a new stage.Anyonewhowants to attend it can come to Room 206.Take notes and have a discussion after it.Please come here on time.  That’s all.


  • 6. May I have your attention, please? up. Asyou know, our class will have a talk show on environment protection with Class One on May 4th.Before it takes place, we will invite Dr. Li from Qinghua University to give us a talk on the environment problem and he will also tell us about the improvement in environment protection in recent years in Beijing.


  • The report will begin at 2:00 pm on Wednesday, April 30th in the auditorium on the third floor in the classroom building. I’m sure we can get enough information from his talk to make good preparations for the coming talk show. Everyone should be there on time, then listen to the report and make full notes at the same time.By the way, we will have a discussion after the report.That’s all. Thank you.


总结 the auditorium on the third floor in the classroom building. I’m sure we can get enough information from his talk to make good preparations for the coming talk show. Everyone should be there on time,

★精彩的首尾句

★通俗易懂的短语

★多样的句型

★恰当的连接词

★规范的书写

★3个段落

★3—5个高级词汇

★3—5个句型

★3—5个连接词

★12句 15行


Remember: the auditorium on the third floor in the classroom building. I’m sure we can get enough information from his talk to make good preparations for the coming talk show. Everyone should be there on time,

Rome isn’t built in a day.

The more you read,accumulate and practise,the better your writing will be!


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