How Do We Compare ?
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How Do We Compare ?. Decision Time!??. Developed by Donna Rowan for Level II Inside Out. You need to decide…. Which vacation to take Which dress or suit to buy Which car you like Which boyfriend or girlfriend to date. There are Three Ways to Compare in English.

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How do we compare

How Do We Compare ?

Decision Time!??

Developed by Donna Rowan for Level II

Inside Out


How do we compare

You need to decide….

Which vacation to take

Which dress or suit to buy

Which car you like

Which boyfriend or girlfriend to date


How do we compare

There are Three Ways to Compare in English.

I: We use theCOMPARATIVEto compare 2 things.

John is FATTER THAN Jim.

OR

John is MORE SUCCESSFUL than Jim.

II. We use theSUPERLATIVEto compare 1 item to 2+items.

John is THE FATTEST MAN in the group.

OR

John is the MOST SUCCESSFUL man in the group.

III. We use As…..As to compare two items equally.

John is AS SUCCESSFUL AS Jim.

OR

John is AS FAT AS Jim.


How do we compare

Now Let`s Take a Look at the Rules for Each of the Ways of Comparing.


How do we compare

The Comparative!

We are going to compare TWOItems.


How do we compare

Everyday we need to make decisions.

Bold is more effective

than Ariel.

Housewives:decide what products to buy in the store.

Business people: make decisions about what company to work with or who to give the job to.

Who would you hire?

Why?


How do we compare

We use adjectives to describe.

Here are some adjective.

Let´s make 2 groups.

What is the difference in the 2 groups?


How do we compare

Let´s take a look at two cars.

What characteristics are you interested in?

Are you interested in which car is faster?

Are you interested in which car is more economical?

Are you interested in which car is more elegant?

Are you interested in which car is cheaper?

Are you interested in which car is bigger?

Can you identify the adjectives in these questions?


How do we compare

LET´S LOOK AT THE COMPARATIVE STRUCTURE.

WE HAVE 2 GROUPS OF ADJECTIVES. DO YOU REMEMBER THEM?

Let´s look at the group of short adjectives.

ADJECTIVE + er AND Than

BIG= BIGGER than

SMALL= SMALLER than

CLEAN= CLEANER than

A Blazer is bigger than a Volkwagon.

A Fiat is smaller than a Cadillac.

A new car is cleaner than an old car.


How do we compare

Do you remember the multisyllabic adjectives? They are longer words that would be difficult to pronounce if we added more letter so what do you think we should do?

THAT’S RIGHT. WE CAN’T CHANGE THE WORD. WE PUT ANOTHER WORD IN FRONT OF THE ADJECTIVE. THAT WORDISMORE than.

Remember SUPERCALAFRGILISTCEXPEALADOSHAS?


How do we compare

This is how we make comparatives with multisyllable adjectives.

MORE + LONG ADJECTIVE THAN

MORE BEAUTIFUL THAN

MORE DURABLE THAN

MORE ECONOMICAL THAN

MORE ELEGANT THAN

A VOLKSWAGAN IS MORE ECONOMICAL THAN A MERCEDES.

A FORD IS MORE DURABLE THAN A PORCHE.

A CHEVROLET IS MORE POPULAR THAN A FIAT

A VOLKSWAGAN IS MORE ECONOMICAL THAN A MERCEDES.

A FORD IS MORE DURABLE THAN A PORCHE.

A CHEVROLET IS MORE POPULAR THAN A FIAT

A VOLKSWAGAN IS MORE ECONOMICAL THAN A MERCEDES.

A FORD IS MORE DURABLE THAN A PORCHE.

A CHEVROLET IS MORE POPULAR THAN A FIAT


How do we compare

Compartive Rules


How do we compare

Some Irregular Comparatives You Need to Remember

GOOD = BETTER

BAD = WORSE

FAR = FARTHER/FURTHER


How do we compare

NOW:

Make a list of

adjectives you

might use to

decide which

car to choose.


How do we compare

Comparisions of Mercedes-Benz and Volkswagon


How do we compare

What other

characteristics

do you need

to compare?


How do we compare

Do you have any of these adjectives?

FAST BEAUTIFUL

CHEAP ECONOMICAL

BIG DURABLE

SAFE ELEGANT

CLEAN MODERN

What others do you have?


How do we compare

Superlative

Adjectives

We use the SUPERLATIVE to Compare one Item to 2 or more.


How do we compare

Remember : Separate the Long and Short Adjectives

SHORT ADJECTIVES FORM SUPERLATIVE

THE + ADJECTIVE+EST

The biggest

The happiest

The smallest

The blue whale is the biggest animal in the world.

John is the happiest boy in the class.

Susan has the smallest hands in her family.


How do we compare

Here’s how we change the long adjectives to superlative

The + MOST + Adjective

The most beautiful

The most economical

The most popular

Marilyn Monroe was the most beautiful woman in the world.

Walking is the most economical means of transportation.

Brad Pitt is the most popular male actor this year.


How do we compare

Here is a chart showing the SUPERLATIVE form :

One Syllable Adjectives

place 'the' before the adjective and add '-est' to end of the adjective

(Note: double the final consonant if preceded by a vowel)

Example: cheap - the cheapest / hot - the hottest / high - the highest

Example Sentences : Today is the hottest day of the summer. This book is the cheapest I can find.

Two, Three or More Syllable Adjectives

place 'the most' before the adjective

Example: interesting - the most interesting / difficult - the most difficult

Example Sentences : London is the most expensive city in England. That is the most beautiful painting here.

Two Syllable Adjectives Ending in '-y'

place 'the' before the adjective and remove the 'y' from the adjective and add 'iest'

Example: happy - the happiest / funny - the funniest

Example Sentences : New York is the noisiest city in the USA. He is the most important person I know.


How do we compare

COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES

IRREGULAR COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES

These adjectives have completely irregular comparative and superlative forms:


How do we compare

See How We Compare These Planets


How do we compare

  • Jupiter is the biggest planet.

  • OR

  • Jupiter has the biggest diameter.

Earth is the smallestplanet.

OR

Earth has the smallestdiameter.

Earth is the leastdistant.

OR

Earth is the shortestdistance.

2.Jupiter is the most distant from the sun.

OR

Jupiter is the longest distance from the sun.

  • Mars has the longest day.

  • OR

  • Mars has the most hours in a day.

Jupiter has the shortest day.

OR

Jupiter has the least hoursin a day.

4. Jupiter has the most moons.

Earth has the least moons.

5. Earth has the warmest temperature.

Jupiter has the coldest temperature.


How do we compare

Who is the tallest man?

Robert Pershing Wadlow

He was 8 feet 11 inches and weighed 490 pounds.

http://www.altonweb.com/history/wadlow/

Who is the oldest?

Jeanne Louise Calment

122 Years old.

http://www.wowzone.com/calment.htm


How do we compare

Buying a Pet

Are you interested in buying a pet?  What kind of pet should you buy?  If

you want to play with the pet, buy a dog.  Dogs make wonderful pets.  They

are affectionate and playful animals and they can even protect your house.

If you want a quieter animal that will cuddle with you on the sofa while you watch TV, buy a cat.  Cats are clean animals and you don't need to take them out for a walk like you do for a dog.

If you're allergic to animal hair or you live in a smaller place, try a small caged animal such as a hamster.  Hamsters are easy to care for and they won't wake the neighbors. 

Mice and guinea pigs are other small caged animals that are very popular. 

Birds also make great pets.  A bird cage can fit even in the smallest of apartments.  They can wake you up in the morning with their beautiful song.  

Want a pet that requires very little care, is small, and is very quiet?  Try buying a fish.  Watching fish swim around in an aquarium is very relaxing.

Pets can bring a lot of happiness into your life but remember that having a pet is a big responsibility.  Make sure that the pet fits into your lifestyle.  If you love and care for them, they will give you their affection in return.  

examplequiet 

1. playful

2. small

3. relaxing

4. beautiful singers


How do we compare

Write superlative sentences about the animals from the story.Write the pet names and the adjectives on a piece of paper.

DON’T REPEAT

example quiet 

1. playful

2. easy to care for

3. clean

4. beautiful singers

Fish are the quietest pets.

Dogs are THE MOST PLAYFUL pets.

Hamsters are THE EASIEST TO CARE FOR pet.

Cats are THE CLEANEST animals.

Birds are THE MOST BEAUTIFUL singers


How do we compare

1.  What's the largest animal?           a) elephant           b) whale           c) giraffe

2.  What's the fastest animal?           a) elephant           b) horse           c) cheetah

3.  What's the largest fish?           a) shark           b) whale           c) cheetah


How do we compare

4.  What's the largest bird?           a) ostrich           b) condor           c) giraffe

5.  What's the tallest animal?           a) giraffe           b) elephant           c) ostrich


How do we compare

Comparing using

AS.....AS

We use AS……….AS when we are comparing two things that are equal and we can also use it to make SIMILES.


How do we compare

How do we use Comparatives - As...As?

The structure "as...as" is used to compare things that are equal.

For example:- Jennifer is 163cm and Tony is 163cm. Jennifer is as tall as Tony.- Bach's music is as good as Mozart's."as...as" can also be used in negatives and questions.

For example:The Amazon isn't as long as the Nile.The second movie wasn't as good as the first.Is Japan as expensive as England?

"as...as" can also be used to show an extreme amount.The amount you eat is "equal" to the amount you want.- "Eat as much as you want."

- Study as hard as possible.


How do we compare

USE AS…..AS

as green as

The blouse is ____________ grass.

Her eyes are ____________ the sky.

John is __________ Jim.

The boys are ____________ the girls.

as blue as

John

Jim

as tall as

as smart as


How do we compare

as black as coal.

  • The night was

  • 2. Her hateful eyes were

  • 3. Without my glasses, I am

  • 4. The sheets on the bed looked

  • 5. The bicycle looks heavy, but it feels

  • 6. Paragliding is about the closest one can get to being

  • 7. My computer is very fast at times, and at other times it is

  • 8. When I was a child, a man of seventy seemed to me to be

  • 9. After using our body lotion, your skin is guaranteed to feel

  • 10. The man acted so oddly that his neighbors considered him to be

as cold as ice

as blind as a bat.

as white as snow.

as light as a feather.

as free as a bird.

as slow as molasses.

as old as the hills.

as soft as silk.

as nutty as a fruitcake.


How do we compare

SEE IF YOU CAN

ANSWER

THESE QUESTIONS


How do we compare

CAN YOU ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS?

Q1 - It's better ____ I thought.

1. as2. then3. than4. like

Q2 - Brazil is _____ England.

1. biger than2. bigger as3. bigger than4. biger as

Q3 - She is _____ in the class

1. the best2. best3. better than4. as good as

Q4 - I'm not as successful ___ she is.

1. as2. like3. than4. then

Q5 - It was ______ expensive restaurant I've ever been to.

1. more2. the more3. most4. the most

Q11 - She finished ____ than everyone else.

1. more quickly2. quicker3. Either could be used here.

Q12 - The underground is ____ buses.

1. more expensive2. most expensive3. the most expensive4. more expensive than

Q13 - The plane would be _____ than the coach.

1. more quickly2. quicker3. Either could be used here.

Q14 - It was ____ test I have ever done.

1. the most hard2. the hardest3. Either could be used here.

Q15 - There were ____ people at the game than expected.

1. most2. more3. many

Q6 - I'd like some ____ information.

1. farther2. further3. Either could be used here.

Q7 - It's ____ art collection in Europe.

1. finer2. finest3. the finer4. the finest

Q8 - It was ____ than I was expecting.

1. cheaper2. cheapest3. Either could be used here.

Q9 - This is the ______ kitchen I've ever seen.

1. dirtyest2. dirtiest3. Either could be used here.

Q10 - Which is ____ of the two?

1. more difficult2. most difficult3. Either could be used here.


How do we compare

HERE ARE THE ANSWERS.

How well did you do?

Column One

Q1. 3

Q2. 3

Q3. 1

Q4. 1

Q5. 4

Column Two

Q 6. 3

Q7. 4

Q8. 1

Q9. 2

Q10. 1

Column Three

Q11. 3

Q12. 4

Q13. 2

Q14. 2

Q15. 2


How do we compare

THE END


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