Forest and forest industry is the basis for wellbeing in finland november 13 2008
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Forest and forest industry is the basis for wellbeing in Finland November 13 2008. Mr Antro Säilä, Senior Vice President Finnish Forest Industries Federation. Finland – a land of forests and lakes. Area of Finland (Canada) 338,000 square kilometres (9,984,000)

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Forest and forest industry is the basis for wellbeing in finland november 13 2008

Forest and forest industry is the basis for wellbeing in FinlandNovember 13 2008

Mr Antro Säilä, Senior Vice President

Finnish Forest Industries Federation


Finland a land of forests and lakes
Finland – a land of forests and lakes Finland

Area of Finland (Canada)

  • 338,000 square kilometres (9,984,000)

  • 10% is coveredwithwater (8,9 %)

  • 187,888 lakes (34 million)

  • 69% forest (54 %)

    The Finns:

  • 5.2 million (32 million)

  • 67% live in townsorurbanareas (80 %)

  • 33% in ruralareas (20 %)


Three principal species pine spruce and birch
Three principal species: pine, spruce and birch Finland

Pine (Pinus sylvestris)

Spruce (Picea abies)

Birch (Betula pendula

or betula pubescens)


Forest ownership is a family matter for the finns
Forest ownership is a family matter for the Finns Finland

  • Majority of forestsownedbyprivatepeople

    • earlierhand in handwithagriculture

    • nowadays the number of urbanforestowners is growing

  • One Finn in fivebelongs to a familythatownsforest

  • Averagesize of a ”familyforest” is lessthan 25 hectares

Forest ownership in Finland,

% forest land 20.0 million ha


Sustainable forest management more protected forests than in any other country in europe
Sustainable forest management: more protected forests than in any other country in Europe

  • Forestry is steeredbystrictacts, regulations and ecologicalplanning

  • Continuousstakeholderprocesses

    • multipleuses of the forests

    • biodiversity

  • 95 % of the forestsarecertified

  • Over 8 % of the forestarea is strictlyprotected (close to 2 millionhectares)

Sources: Working group SUTI 2002, Working group ESSU 2000, Finnish Statistical Yearbook of Forestry 2003


Development of forest resources and forest industry production in finland 1921 2005
Development of forest resources and forest industry production in Finland 1921-2005

SOURCE: Finnish Forest Industries Federation, Finnish Forest Research Institute


Pulp paper and wood industries use the wood efficiently for different purposes
Pulp, paper and wood industries use the wood efficiently for different purposes

Forests

Recycling

Pulpwood

Pulp

Paper

Board

Logs

Wood products

  • Forest management

  • Wood procurement

  • Transportation

  • Sorting and drying of timber

Forestresidues: branches, stumps…

Bio-slurries

By-products

Biodiesel

Heat

Electricity


Local communities have grown around the mills for example in varkaus eastern finland
Local communities have grown around the mills different purposes For example in Varkaus, Eastern Finland


Finnish forest industry

Kyro different purposes

MyllykoskiPaper

Pankaboard

Repola

Finnish forest industry

Stora Enso

Oulu

Metsäliitto

Veitsiluoto

  • Biggest in Europe

  • 4th in the world

Tampella

  • 4th in Europe

  • 8th in the world

Forest ja Tambox

Enso-Gutzeit

Forest industry in Finland

  • 40 paper and board mills

  • 38 pulp mills

  • 170 sawmills

  • 20 plywood, particle board/fibreboard mills

Varkaus

Metsäliiton

(Ahlström)

Teollisuus

Corenso United

Serlachius

Pori, Varkaus

Sunila

Finnforest

Metsä-

M-real

Tervakoski

Tissue

Savon Sellu

Metsä-Timber

Metsä-Botnia

Kemi

Metsä-

Joutseno-

Rauma

Pulp

AhlstromKauttua

Jujo Thermal

SCA-Packaging Finland

Georgia-Pacific Nordic(Nokia)

Sonoco Alcore

Stromsdal

Kaukas

Loparex

Peterson Packaging

Kajaani

Schauman

Yhtyneet

Paperitehtaat

Kymmene

Rosenlew

Rauma-

UPM-Kymmene

Repola

  • 3rd in Europe

  • 6th in the world


Finland in the global forest sector
Finland in the global forest sector different purposes

Percentage values of the world totals (%)

SOURCE: Finnish Forest Industries Federation


Understanding the magnitude of the forest industry in finland compared to some other countries
Understanding the magnitude of the forest industry in Finland compared to some other countries

Value (€) of forest industry exports per capita and its share of total exports

Forest industry exports / total exports, %

SOURCE: Finnish Forest Industries Federation; Statistics Finland


Key figures of the finnish forest industry 2007
Key figures of the Finnish forest industry: 2007* Finland compared to some other countries

*) Woodworking industries, pulp, paper and paperboard industries

**) Includes internal sales of 5 bill. EUR

***) Gross exports minus imported inputs

SOURCE: Statistics Finland, Board of Customs


Finnish forest industry is strongly export oriented 90 of the production is exported
Finnish forest industry is strongly export oriented: 90 % of the production is exported

Main markets for the Finnish forest industry products are in the Europe

  • Finnish forest industry produces paper products for 100 million and wood products for 50 millionpeople

    • Products bind CO2 and are being used as bio-energy at the end of the life span

  • Integrated production processes and right government policies have enabled efficient wood processing and bio-energy production

Total value of forest industry exports from

Finland in 2007 was EUR 12.5 billion

Share of the main exportmarkets

Germany

United Kingdom

United States

France

Spain

Russia

Japan

Belgia

18 %

11 %

6 %

5 %

5 %

5 %

4 %

4 %


Production capacity of the finnish paper and pulp industry
Production capacity of the Finnish paper and pulp industry the production is exported

Total capacity 38 mill. tons in 2007


Annual average investments of the finnish forest industry companies in finland and abroad
Annual average investments of the Finnish forest industry companies in Finland and abroad

*) incl. acquisitions

Investments in Finland2005-2007 close toEUR 900 mill. annually

SOURCE: Finnish Forest Industries Federation


Global market trends
Global market trends companies in Finland and abroad

Western / Nordic Europe

Mature market

Restructuring underway

Technology leadership

Russia

North America

Huge coniferous fiber sources

Sizable market potential

Poor infrastructure

Investments needed

Mature / declining market

Restructuring

China

Huge growth

No fiber sources

Aggressive investments

Latin America

India

Fiber sourcing

Pulp supplies and investments

Big potential

Limited own capacity

No fiber


Finnish pulp and paper mills are world leaders in clean technology
Finnish pulp and paper mills are world leaders in clean technology

  • All mills have environmental permits according to EU IPPC directive and permits are based on the use of Best Available Techniques BAT

  • The most effective and advanced techniques to prevent harmful emissions and other environmental impacts, or reduce them to acceptable limits

  • Environmentally, economically and technically feasible solutions




Less is more
Less is more wastewater emissions

  • Water is needed to produce your daily newspaper

    • 10 litres 30 years ago

    • 2,5–6 litres today

    • in the future even less


We use purified pulp and paper wastewater as high quality drinking water
We use purified pulp and paper wastewater as high quality drinking water

  • Drinking water of Helsinki metropolitan area is taken from a lake where pulp, paper and chemical mills and several cities release their purified wastewater

  • 565 000 people live in Helsinki metropolitan area


Renewable energy forest industry is the main producer and user of bioenergy
Renewable energy - forest industry is the main producer and user of bioenergy

Mill fuels of forest industry in Finland 2006

Total 282 000 TJ

  • Forest industry produces 80 % of bio-energy in Finland

    • Around 40 % of the total wood raw material in forest industry is used for bio-energy production

  • The share of bio-energy in Finland is 20 % (total share of renewable energy 25 %)


Employment in the finnish forest cluster
Employment in the Finnish Forest Cluster user of bioenergy

Energy sector about 4 000

Transport companies about 1 500

Maintenance companies about 5 000

Others about 38 000

Packaging industry

about 5 000

Almost 200 000 jobs in the forest cluster in Finland

Graphic industry

about 25 000

Machinery and equipment manufacturers

about 15 000

Research and developmentabout 3 000

Forestry about 20 000


Employment in the finnish forest cluster1
Employment in the Finnish Forest Cluster user of bioenergy

Energy sector about 4 000

Transport companies about 1 500

Maintenance companies about 5 000

Others about 38 000

Packaging industry

about 5 000

Almost 200 000 jobs in the forest cluster in Finland

Graphic industry

about 25 000

Machinery and equipment manufacturers

about 15 000

Research and developmentabout 3 000

Forestry about 20 000




R d of the finnish forest cluster million eur
R&D of the Finnish Forest Cluster, million EUR education in Finland 1996–2008

M€

Annual R&D input approx.

400 M€

Wood industries

Pulp and paper industry

Machinery

Chemical

industry


The Finnish pulp and paper industry invests in new products, efficient technologies and renewable energy: priorities in the research strategy

Renewal of the industry

Competitiveness

Sustainable development

Customer

solutions

for the future

Intelligent,

resource-

efficient

production

technologies


Objectives of the national research strategy
Objectives of the National Research Strategy efficient technologies and renewable energy: priorities in the research strategy

  • To double the value of the forest cluster's products and services by 2030 - half of the value coming from new products

  • Significant increase in the cluster's R&D

  • Increased use of domestic wood


Intelligent resource efficient production technologies
Intelligent, resource-efficient production technologies efficient technologies and renewable energy: priorities in the research strategy

The goal is to develop radically

new production systems

  • New energy and water saving processes

  • Natural and biodegradable process chemicals/fillers and binders

  • Lower capital intensity

  • Higher flexibility


Customer solutions for the future
Customer solutions for the future efficient technologies and renewable energy: priorities in the research strategy

Competitive customer-oriented products and

Services

  • printed electronics and hybrid media

  • intelligent paper/board

  • printed intelligence in packaging

  • bioactive papers and biomarkers

  • green chemicals and bio-energy


Biorefinery options for forest industry
Biorefinery options for forest industry efficient technologies and renewable energy: priorities in the research strategy


Life cycles of some finnish forest industry products
Life cycles of some Finnish forest industry products efficient technologies and renewable energy: priorities in the research strategy

?


Shifting production and consumption from efficient technologies and renewable energy: priorities in the research strategynon-renewables to renewables fosters sustainable development

Wood products value chain

  • Wood helps to mitigate climate change

  • Reusable products

  • Side products and waste can be used in the production of bio-energy and bio-fuels

  • Controllable processes

  • High environmental standards

  • Meets customers’ needs


Thank you for your attention! efficient technologies and renewable energy: priorities in the research strategy

Merci pour votre attention!

Antro Säilä


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