Day 31-33
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Evaluate the causes of the 30 Years War Chronicle the stages of the 30 Years War PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Day 31-33 Objectives. Evaluate the causes of the 30 Years War Chronicle the stages of the 30 Years War Analyze the political and religious reasons for countries entering the 30 Years War Evaluate the effects of the 30 Years war on Europe. 30 Years War is a story about a School Bully ↓.

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Evaluate the causes of the 30 Years War Chronicle the stages of the 30 Years War

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Day 31-33

Objectives

  • Evaluate the causes of the 30 Years War

  • Chronicle the stages of the 30 Years War

  • Analyze the political and religious reasons for countries entering the 30 Years War

  • Evaluate the effects of the 30 Years war on Europe


30 Years War is a story

about a School Bully ↓

  • Hapsburg Austria will go on a religious mission (just like who?)

  • As the bullies try to use force to get their way, what can the little kids do?

    • What is created afterward?

    • And possibly a new ______ is created too!!

Hapsburg


War Facts

  • Timeframe ↓

  • Motives for fighting in the war will change over time

    • Early motives…

    • Late motives…

  • “Last War of Religion”

  • Revolves around what country?

1618 16231628 1633 1638 1643 1648

|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|_____________|

Rel

Pol


So many

countries

will get

involved

in this war

  • More on this later 


Causes ↑

of the war


Political Division

  • HRE = 300+ states

  • Who has the Political (and Religious) power over/inthe HRE? (2)

    • Nobles?

    • Holy Roman Emperor?

      • How is he picked?

  • Ethnically United?


Religious Division

  • How many religions? 

  • Who has Religious power over each “state’s” religion?

  • How is the map evolving religiously


Two Religious events create

problems

“Peace” of

Augsburg

(1555)

  • Princes can choose 2 religions for their lands…

  • Calvinism is NOT INCLUDED

  • But by 1618, there are many more Calvinists in the HRE…

  • Why is it the “Peace” of Augsburg?


The Second Event?

  • 1563, Council of Trent ends

  • What has gone on and continues to go on for decades after the Council of Trent?

  • Why can this be a problem?


Disagreement

on the future

of the HRE

What do

the German

Nobles want?

What does

The Austrian

Empire

(Hapsburgs)

Want?


Austrian Empire (Hapsburgs)

want politically and religiously unified HRE

German Nobles

Want to stay independent politically & religiously

Status quo

Disagreement on

the future of the HRE


The Spark

that starts

the Thirty

Years War!!

  • Hapsburg Ferdinand II

    • King x3, Emperor, Archduke

  • Educated by Jesuits!!!

  • __________ Catholic

  • Sounds a lot like someone else we’ve learned


  • Bohemian nobles (mostly Protestant) accept Ferdinand II as their king

  • Ferdinand II begins to do what Phillip II did to the Netherlands

  • Nobles = 

The Spark that

Starts the 30

Years War!!


Defenestration:

  • The act of throwing a person or thing out of a window


Defenestration

of Prague

starts the War

  • May 1618 - Protestant nobles threw 3 Royal Officials (of Ferdinand II) out of a Castle Window in Prague, Bohemia.


What

happened

to the 3

Royal

Officials?


The men's lives are saved!

By a pile of manure

in the castle’s moat!


After the

Defenestration

of Prague…

  • What do the Bohemian nobles do?

  • What does HRE do?


Two Halves of

the 30 Years War

  • Bohemian Phase (1618-1625)

  • Danish Phase (1625-1629)

  • Swedish Phase (1629-1635)

  • Franco-Swedish Phase (1635-1648)


Phase 1

Bohemian

Dutch

German

Nobles

Emperor

  • 1618-1625

  • Nobles back Frederick V of Palatinate

Spain


Phase 1 = Habsburg Victory

  • Ferdinand wins…

    • Takes land from Bohemian nobles and declares Bohemia Catholic

  • Spain wins some land too

  • Now who feels pressure?

Emperor

Spain


Phase 2

Danish

Denmark

Dutch

Dutch

German

Nobles

Emperor

  • 1625-1629

  • Denmark’s motives to join the German Nobles?

Spain


Phase 2 = Habsburg Victory

  • Denmark drops out

    • And loses land to the Hapsburgs

  • March 1629, Edict of Restitution

  • Now who feels pressure?

Emperor


Second Half of the War Begins


Phase 3

Swedish

Sweden

Denmark

Dutch

Dutch

German

Nobles

Emperor

France

  • 1629-1635

  • Sweden’s motives?

  • 2 countries give $$

  • France?!?!?!?

Spain


France w/Protestants

Why?

  • Avoid Hapsburg suffocation

  • And create something..


Phase 3 = Protestant Victory

  • Sweden led by King GustavusAdolphus

    • KIA 1632

  • Edict of Restitution?

Emperor


“The Lion

of the

North”


  • Revolution?

  • Old?

  • New?

  • Cavalry?

Military Revolution

1560-1660


Phase 4

Franco-

Swedish

Sweden

Dutch

German

Nobles

Emperor

France

France

  • 1635-1648

    • 14 years of murder & mayhem in the HRE!!

  • France’s motives?

Spain


Phase 4 = FRENCH Victory

  • France goes on a rampage

    • Pummels Spain

    • Invades South Germany…huh?

  • 2 Independence Movements succeed

  • Peasants Revolts throughout the war

  • Everyone is exhausted from war


Peace of Westphalia 1648

Two Treaties to create overall peace in Europe


Winners?

Losers?


1600


1700


HRE the

Winner

1600

  • Nobles

    • HRE still 300+ independent states

    • Nobles have the power!!

      • Gov, Coinage, Religion, Foreign Policy

    • Peace of Augsburg?

      • Calvinism now allowed for princes

Who?


HRE the

Loser!!

1700

  • 200 years of Disunity!! (so?)

  • 30 years of fighting in a country will do what to it??

    • Millions of Germans (1/4 HRE pop) killed

    • German Towns and farmland pillaged and destroyed

    • Hans Grimmelshausen story


Death

in the

HRE

from

the

30

Years

War


Religion & Politics Split

  • German States all can choose their religions

    • Lutheran North

    • Calvinist Middle

    • Catholic South

  • Politiques were right!!

  • Religion is now a matter of personal choice

    • What was it before?

  • Europe progresses at a cost


30 Years War is Complete


The Wars of

Religion are

Complete too!!

  • Closing Question

  • Title = Lessons from WoR

  • What lessons did you learn from the WoR stories?

  • What lessons do you think are learned in 1650 by Europe?

  • Is this a dead story?


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