Chapter 4. Age of Absolutism. Europe: 1600. Geography:. The period of time during which kings of western Europe had absolute control over their national governments and societies. What is Absolutism?. Divine Right.
Age of Absolutism
The period of time during which kings of western Europe had absolute control over their national governments and societies.
What is Absolutism?
The theory that stated that kings had a god given right to rule their nations as they wished
Section 1: Extending Spanish Power
Son of Charles V
2. Not the warrior king.
2. Centralized power
3.Constant warfare-with France, Protestants and Ottoman Empire.
3. Absolute Monarch
4. Guardian of Catholic Church
5. Wars-Netherlands, Ottomans, & Spanish Armada
4. Grandson of Ferdinand and Isabella
6. Strong Spanish King
5. Religious - Devout
REALTY: WEAK RULER
aka- Not a “G”
King Philip had many reasons to want to get rid of Queen Elizabeth:
1. English Privateers attacked Spanish ships.
2. Elizabeth refused to punish privateers and would not return Spanish treasure.
3. Elizabeth was seen as a threat to the Catholic Church.
Or, war with England
- Sends 130 ships with 20,000 to invade England.
- Bad weather scattered the armada.
- English ships were faster and lighter.
Heavy Spanish Ships VS Lighter English Ships
Cannonade or Broadside
Effects of Spain's Defeat
1. Spain looses her power and prestige in Europe.
2. She is still powerful, but lacks the ability or desire to rebuild a new fleet and take on England
El Greco “The Greek”- Used vibrant colors to demonstrate religious figures.
Defeat of Spanish Armada
Heavy taxes on middle class
Inflation due to gold and silver from the Americas.
Expulsion of Jews & Muslims. (Artisans & Merchants)
Section 2: France Under Louis XIV
The Sun King
"Mass slaying of Huguenots (Protestants) in Paris, on St. Bartholomew's Day, August 24, 1572. In order to increase the royal power, the queen mother, Catherine de Medicis, attempted to play the French Roman Catholic faction, led by the house of Guise, against the Huguenot faction, led by the house of Conde.”
Henry IV of France
-Became Catholic to
Keep the Throne
-Edict of Nantes 1598
-Built Royal Bureaucracy
-Assassinated in 1610
Edict of Nantes
1. The right to practice their own religion.
2. The right to maintain standing armies.
3. The right to fortify their cities.
Louis XIII of France
Louis XIII cont…
program for the new
King Louis XIV
~ Fronde ~
A Young Louis XIV
is driven from
his Palace by Rioters- Nobles, merchants, peasants Mazarin restores order
“I am the State”- Louis XIV
THE SUN KING
Establishes a new layer of Government-
*Royal officials recruited from Wealthy Middle Class
-Louis XIV never called the “Estate General” into session
French Assembly or Parliament
1. Louis engaged in costly wars that had disastrous results.
Louis greatly strengthened royal power
2. The French army became the strongest in Europe
2. Rival rulers joined forces to check French ambitions.
3. France became the wealthiest state in Europe.
3. Louis persecuted the Huguenots, causing many to flee France. Their departure was a huge blow to the French economy
4. French culture, manners, and customs became the European standard
Section 3: Triumph of Parliament in England
King Henry VIIReigned 1485-1509King Henry VIIIReigned 1509-1547King Edward VIReigned 1547-1553Lady Jane GreyProclaimed queen in 1553Deposed after nine days. Executed in 1554.Queen Mary IReigned 1553-1558Queen Elizabeth I
Elizabeth Dies without heir to the throne….
What is Parliament?
The Governing Body of England
Charles I Supporter ~> Cavaliers
Parliament Supporters ~>Roundheads
-Given Command of Parliament’s
-Skilled General and Statesman
-Has Charles Executed
-Rules England as “Lord Protectorate”
After Cromwell’s Death……
The Glorious Revolution
William & Mary
Before they could be crowned, William and Mary had to accept the English Bill of Rights, which:
Section 5: Absolute Monarchy in Russia
Goodbye 1200’s Hello 1600’s!