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Some preliminaries Global state of affairs Post-2015 Agenda PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Some preliminaries Global state of affairs Post-2015 Agenda. Poverty & hunger Primary education Gender equality Child mortality Maternal health HIV/Aids, malaria & TB Environment Global partnership. Poverty & hunger -50% Primary education full

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Some preliminaries Global state of affairs Post-2015 Agenda

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Some preliminaries global state of affairs post 2015 agenda

Somepreliminaries

Global state of affairs

Post-2015 Agenda


Some preliminaries global state of affairs post 2015 agenda

  • Poverty & hunger

  • Primary education

  • Gender equality

  • Child mortality

  • Maternal health

  • HIV/Aids, malaria & TB

  • Environment

  • Global partnership


Some preliminaries global state of affairs post 2015 agenda

Poverty & hunger -50%

Primary education full

Gender equality full

Child mortality -66%

Maternal health -75%

HIV/Aids, malaria & TB

Environment -50%

Global partnership


Some preliminaries global state of affairs post 2015 agenda

GlobalU5MR

Global NER

100

34

2015


Some preliminaries global state of affairs post 2015 agenda

MDGs are collective targets, based on global trends of 1970s & 1980s

They are hardest to achieve for countries with low initial HD

They represent ends, not means.

Good servants, bad masters


Some preliminaries global state of affairs post 2015 agenda

Global state of affairs


Some preliminaries global state of affairs post 2015 agenda

All developing countries

+10

+10

+13

+10

-11

-3.5


Some preliminaries global state of affairs post 2015 agenda

Global MDG scorecard (as of 2010)

1990

2010

2015


Some preliminaries global state of affairs post 2015 agenda

Sub-Saharan Africa

+9 (+10)

+23 (+10)

+19 (+13)

+3 (+10)

-7 (-11)

-5.3 (-3.5)


Some preliminaries global state of affairs post 2015 agenda

“African poverty and stagnation is the greatest tragedy of our time.”

Blair Commission for Africa, 2005

“We seek to confirm, not to question, our ideas”

Don't Believe Everything You Think

The 6 Basic Mistakes We Make in Thinking

Thomas Kida, 2006


Some preliminaries global state of affairs post 2015 agenda

“The world has met some important targets–ahead of the deadline.”

UN, 2012

“They use statistics as drunken men use lamp posts – for support rather than for illumination.”

Andrew Lang

Scottish poet

1844-1912


Mdg 8 global partnership

MDG 8: Global Partnership

Debt relief

ODA

Trade policy & patent laws

Passing grade

Retake exam


Official development assistance

Official development assistance


Mdg 8 global partnership1

MDG 8: Global Partnership

Debt relief

ODA

Trade policy & patent laws

Passing grade

Retake exam

Failing grade


Mdg 8 global partnership2

MDG 8: Global Partnership

Debt relief

ODA

Trade policy & patent laws

Passing grade

Retake exam

Failing grade


Some preliminaries global state of affairs post 2015 agenda

www.cartoonmovement.com


Some preliminaries global state of affairs post 2015 agenda

Storyline since 1990

  • Progress has continued

  • But it is slowing down

  • Much of it bypasses the poor; inequalities

Is it inequality, stupid?


Some preliminaries global state of affairs post 2015 agenda

Inequality in OECD countries

Gini coefficients for late 1980s to late 2000s

Up: 17 countries

Same: 3 countries

Down: 2 countries


Some preliminaries global state of affairs post 2015 agenda

  • High inequalities have a price – slower growth, more instability, less efficiency.

  • They hurt everyone, also those at top.

  • The way the economic pie is cut has a bearing on its size.

  • What matters is not only how affluent a country is but also how equal it is.

  • There is such thing as ‘too much inequality’.


Some preliminaries global state of affairs post 2015 agenda

What did philosophers say about inequality?

  • Adam Smith/Karl Marx


Does the free market corrode moral character

Does the free market corrode moral character?

  • Categorical ‘No’

    • Rick Santorum – No.

    • Qinglian He – No.

    • Jadish Bagwati – To the contrary.

    • Ayaan Hirsi Ali – Not at all.

  • Nuanced ‘No’

    • Tyler Cowen – No, on balance.

    • Michael Novak – No! And, well, yes.

    • Garry Kasparov – Yes, but…

    • Bernard-Henri Levy – Certainly. Or does it?


  • Some preliminaries global state of affairs post 2015 agenda

    • ‘It depends’

      • John Gray – It depends.

      • John Bogle – It all depends.

  • ‘Yes’

    • Kay Hymowitz – Yes, too often.

    • Michael Walzer – Of course it does.

    • Robert Reich – We’d better not know.

  • www.templeton.org/markets


    Some preliminaries global state of affairs post 2015 agenda

    “To feel for others and little for ourselves, to restrain our selfishness and exercise our benevolent affections, constitute the perfection of human nature.”

    Adam Smith 1723-90


    Some preliminaries global state of affairs post 2015 agenda

    What did philosophers say about inequality?

    • Adam Smith/Karl Marx

    • John Rawls/Ayn Rand


    Some preliminaries global state of affairs post 2015 agenda

    MDGs = MindingDevelopmentGaps


    Some preliminaries global state of affairs post 2015 agenda

    Post-2015 Agenda


    Some preliminaries global state of affairs post 2015 agenda

    CAFOD survey, 104 people from civil society organisations in 26 countries

    • ¾ see the MDGs as a ‘good thing’

    • nearly 90% want a similar agenda post-2015


    Uneca survey 112 representatives from government civil society and academia in 32 african countries

    UNECA survey, 112 representatives from government, civil society and academia in 32 African countries.

    “Overwhelming majority agrees:

    MDGs are important priorities for our countries

    They should feature in the post-2015 agenda.”


    Some preliminaries global state of affairs post 2015 agenda

    Why had the MDGs such staying power?

    Clear

    Concise

    Measurable


    Potential pitfalls

    Potential pitfalls

    • Overload

    • Prescription

    • Donorship


    How to select new targets

    How to select new targets?

    • Does it concern an end or a means?

    • Is concept clear?

    • Can it be objectively measured?


    Points for discussion

    Points for discussion

    • Universality

    • Sustainability

    • Inequality

    • Human rights

    • Global vs. national targets


    Some preliminaries global state of affairs post 2015 agenda

    “A designer knows he has reached perfection, not when there is nothing left to add, but when there is nothing left to take away.”

    Antoine de Saint-Exupéry


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