Basics of english grammar
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Basics of English Grammar. Comparative and superlative forms of adjectives. Where you are:. Contents. Contents Noun Adjective Syllable Comparatives Superlatives. Introduction What is a noun? What is an adjective? What is a syllable? Syllable – examples Adjectives Comparative form

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Basics of English Grammar

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Basics of english grammar

Basics of English Grammar

Comparative and superlative forms of adjectives


Contents

Where you are:

Contents

Contents

Noun

Adjective

Syllable

Comparatives

Superlatives

  • Introduction

    • What is a noun?

    • What is an adjective?

    • What is a syllable?

      • Syllable – examples

  • Adjectives

    • Comparative form

      • How to build comparative forms?

    • Superlative form

      • How to build superlative forms?

Back


What is a noun

Where you are:

What is a noun?

Contents

Noun

Adjective

Syllable

Comparatives

Superlatives

Noun is a word which refers to a thing, person, activity, place etc.

car

reading

street

Back

teacher


What is an adjective

Where you are:

What is an adjective?

Contents

Noun

Adjective

Syllable

Comparatives

Superlatives

Adjective is a word which describes a noun

adjectives

noun

big

car

fast

expensive

Back


What is a syllable

Where you are:

What is a syllable?

Contents

Noun

Adjective

Syllable

Comparatives

Superlatives

Syllable is a part of a word containing vowel sound

reading

read

ing

1st syllable

2nd syllable

Back


Syllables examples

Where you are:

Syllables – examples

Contents

Noun

Adjective

Syllable

Comparatives

Superlatives

1. One-syllable adjectives

fast

big

cheap

long

2. Two-syllable adjectives

hap

py

cra

zy

dir

ty

3. Three-syllable adjectives

im

por

tant

won

der

ful

Back


What is a c omparative form

Where you are:

What is a comparative form?

Contents

Noun

Adjective

Syllable

Comparatives

Superlatives

Comparative form expresses the idea of ‘more’

fast

-er

A plane is fast.

But a rocket is faster.

Back


How is a comparative form built

Where you are:

How is a comparative form built?

Contents

Noun

Adjective

Syllable

Comparatives

Superlatives

long

er

one syllable adjectives

funny

two syllable adjectives

ending in -y

ier

modern

other two and three syllable adjectives

more

modern

irregular adjectives

for example ‘good’

good

better

Back


Basics of english grammar

Examples

Where you are:

One syllable adjectives

Contents

Noun

Adjective

Syllable

Comparatives

Superlatives

Tina is short

Susan is shorter

Susan is shorter than Tina

Susan 145cm

Tina 150cm

A zebra is big

An elephant is bigger

An elephant is bigger than a zebra

Joe is tall

Margaret is taller

Margaret is taller than Joe

Margaret 185cm

Joe 180cm


Basics of english grammar

Where you are:

Contents

Noun

Adjective

Syllable

Comparatives

Superlatives

Two syllable adjectivesending in -y

Slides are funny

Water slides are funnier

Water slides are funnier than slides


Basics of english grammar

Where you are:

Other two and three syllable adjectives

Contents

Noun

Adjective

Syllable

Comparatives

Superlatives

Dylan is an engineer. He’s very clever

George is a scientist. He’s more clever

George is more cleverthan Dylan

Dylan

George

Wasps are dangerous

Sharks are more dangerous

Sharks are more dangerous than wasps

Monkeys are intelligent

Dolphins are more intelligent

Dolphins are more intelligent than monkeys


What is a superlative form

Where you are:

What is a superlative form?

Contents

Noun

Adjective

Syllable

Comparatives

Superlatives

Superlative form expresses the idea of ‘most’

fast

-est

My car is fast.

Your car is fast.

But his car is the fastest.

Back


How is a superl ative form built

Where you are:

How is a superlative form built?

Contents

Noun

Adjective

Syllable

Comparatives

Superlatives

long

est

one syllable adjectives

two syllable adjectives

ending in -y

funny

iest

modern

other two and three syllable adjectives

most

modern

irregular adjectives

for example ‘good’

good

best

Back


Basics of english grammar

Examples

Where you are:

One syllable adjectives

Contents

Noun

Adjective

Syllable

Comparatives

Superlatives

The waiter 185cm

The postman 185cm

The fireman 198cm

The postman is tall

The waiter is tall

The fireman is the tallest


Basics of english grammar

Where you are:

Two syllable adjectivesending in -y

Contents

Noun

Adjective

Syllable

Comparatives

Superlatives

The swings are funny

The tyre swing is funny

The roller coaster is the funniest


Basics of english grammar

Where you are:

Other two and three syllable adjectives

Contents

Noun

Adjective

Syllable

Comparatives

Superlatives

Annie

Peter

Mark

Mark is clever

Peter is clever, too

Annie is the most clever

A sports car: 70,000€

A motorbike: 6,500€

A van: 25,000€

A motorbike is expensive

A van is expensive, too

A sports car is the most expensive


Basics of english grammar

And now, let's start using what we've learnt.

Which country is bigger: Spain…

or Italy?

You’re right: Spain is biggerthan Italy


Basics of english grammar

Who is more attractive?

Ronaldihno….

…or Beckam ?

Well, María is crazy about Ronaldinho. Isn’t that amazing?


Basics of english grammar

Which car is faster? And cheaper? And moreexpensive?

3500€ 95 kph

150000 € 260 kph


Basics of english grammar

Who is funnier?

Chiquito de la Calzadarr….

…or Buenafuente?

For me, Andreu is funnier…

and more intelligent


Basics of english grammar

Which river is longer: The Thames or the Nile?

The river Thames is 346 km long and…

The river Nile is 6695 km long!!! It is the longest river in the world.


Basics of english grammar

And now, let's use the superlative

Which country is thebiggest: Spain…

Italy….

or Russia?

Of course, Russia is thebiggest country.


Basics of english grammar

Which is the fastest animal?

The lion, the cheetah or the greyhound?

It is the fastest land animal, reaching speeds between 112 and 120 km/h . Yes , the cheetah is a real athlete!!!


Basics of english grammar

Which buiding is the highest?

Empire State building

381 metres

Burj Dubai

160 floors

56 elevators

Petrona’s towers

452 metres high

It's not finished yet, but the Burj Dubai is now the tallest building in the world


Basics of english grammar

Can you correct these sentences?

English is boringer than P.E.

Gasol is the better basketball player in the USA.

Spain is bigger that Italy.

Chiquito is more funny than Buenafuente.

My mum drives gooder than my dad.

Computer games are popularer than music.

English is more boring than P.E.

Gasol is the best basketball player in the USA.

Spain is bigger than Italy.

Chiquito is funnier than Buenafuente.

My mum drives better than my dad.

Computer games are more popular than music.


Basics of english grammar

AND NOW COMPARE THE FOLLOWING THINGS

A MOUSE AN ELEPHANT (BIG)

DISCOS PARKS (NOISY)

VALENCIA CF FC BARCELONA (GOOD)


Basics of english grammar

READING LISTENING TO MUSIC ( INTERESTING)

EINSTEIN YOUR ENGLISH TEACHER (INTELLIGENT)

RIDING A BIKE PLAYING CHESS (DANGEROUS )


Basics of english grammar

And finally, can you answer the following questions using full sentences?

Who’s the oldest person in your family?

And the youngest?

Who’s your best friend?

Who’s the most intelligent person in your class?

Who is the most attractive actress in Spain?

Who is the most attractive actor in the world?

Which is the best day of the week?

Which is the biggest thing you have?

Which is the most expensive thing you have ?

Which is the most important thing you have?

Which is the worst month of the year?

Who's the mostinteresting person in the school?


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