Artificial promulgation of racism in east asia
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Artificial Promulgation of Racism in East Asia. History 504S Professor Simon Partner Ian Zhang. Racism and Nationalism. What is nationalism? What is racism? Do they go together?. Nationalism.

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Artificial Promulgation of Racism in East Asia

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Artificial Promulgation of Racism in East Asia

History 504S

Professor Simon Partner

Ian Zhang

Racism and Nationalism

  • What is nationalism?

  • What is racism?

  • Do they go together?


  • “a belief, creed or political ideology that involves a strong identification of a group of individuals with a nation”

  • Jingoism: extreme patriotism in the form of aggressive foreign policy.


  • “views, practices and actions reflecting the belief that humanity is divided into distinct biological groups called races and that members of a certain race share certain attributes which make that group as a whole less desirable, more desirable, inferior or superior”

  • Implicit v. Explicit racism

Western Racism v. Eastern Racism

  • Civil Rights Movement; Fascism; Nazis; WWII.

  • Nanjing Massacre; Korean colonization; Japanese imperialism

Nation Building

  • Edward Said: Orientalism (1978) – creation of the “other” to say what we are not. Reaffirms idealistic conceptions of self and nationhood.

  • For example: US during the 20th century – we are NOT Communism, fascism. The implication is that we ARE capitalism, freedom, democracy.

  • Racism and nation building. What is racism? How does it further the creation of a nation?

Case Study

  • China

  • Republican era tradition of white is good, black is bad

    • Ming dynasty poem

  • Sino Japanese Wars

  • Taiwan

  • Nanjing Massacre

  • Textbook Controversies

  • Refusal to acknowledge war crimes

Case Study

  • Germany

  • Interwar period: high inflation, low morale, high unemployment

  • Rise of fascism

  • “the backstabbing Jew”

  • WWII

East Asian Diaspora Racism

  • Little Tokyo v. Chinatown

  • Intra-Asian racism

  • Immigrant scholars

Narratives of Racism

  • Effectiveness of story to inculcate racist thought

  • Propaganda in television, print, news

  • Can you think of some examples?

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