History of the australian army cadets
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History of the Australian Army Cadets. Learning Objective. By having an understanding of the history and organisation of the Australian Army Cadets, you as a member, will be better equipped to be part of the AAC in its present day form and to better understand the aims of Cadet Training.

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History of the Australian Army Cadets

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History of the australian army cadets

History of the Australian Army Cadets


History of the australian army cadets

Learning Objective

By having an understanding of the history and organisation of the Australian Army Cadets, you as a member, will be better equipped to be part of the AAC in its present day form and to better understand the aims of Cadet Training.

Reference: AAC Training Manual


History of the australian army cadets

The early days

  • Linked to the early military history of Australia

  • Military Drill in some schools as early as 1834

  • NSW claim to have originated cadets in Australia


History of the australian army cadets

The early days

  • Reverend George Fairfowl MacArthur

  • Ordained in Sydney in 1848 and appointed Garrison Chaplain at Victoria Barracks, Paddington in 1848

    • 11th (North Devonshire) Regiment of Foot

      • first regiment garrisoned at Victoria Barracks

  • Minister at St Marks Church from 1852

  • Established St Marks Collegiate School

  • William Dalmas observed cadet training schemes in England’s public schools


History of the australian army cadets

The early days

  • Feb 1866 - Proposal to institute a corps of cadets

  • “to create in the minds and habits of our youth a desire and aptitude for the service of the country”

  • “fewer accidents would arise from the incautious use of fire arms if our youth were properly trained and disciplined to be careful and methodical in handling them”

  • “promotion to the use of the rifle in the Corps would impart an interest to the daily drill”

  • “a spirit where the lads … would become invaluable members of the Volunteer Force”


History of the australian army cadets

The early days

  • 29 March 1866 - Approval granted

  • Captain Dalmas appointed OC of the Cadet Corps at Macquarie Fields

  • 1868 - Transferred to Kings School and renamed The Kings School Cadet Corps by Royal assent in August 1868


History of the australian army cadets

Growth

  • 1870 - 200 cadets in NSW schools

  • 1871 - 850 cadets in NSW schools

  • 1872 - NSW Council of Education decided OOCs should have instruction in drill also

  • 1883 - 22 school units established in NSW


History of the australian army cadets

Growth

  • 1885 - first Catholic School became a cadet unit

  • Shooting competitions popular

  • Gained popularity among eastern colonies

  • Cadets continues to prosper until the economic depression in 1890


History of the australian army cadets

Growth

  • Some schools disbanded or re-formed before Federation

  • By 1900 cadet units in NSW, QLD, VIC and TAS

  • Not until 1908 after Federation WA and SA formed cadet units


History of the australian army cadets

Melbourne’s version

  • Dispute over origin of cadets

  • Scotch College boys regularly drilled by Sergeant Major Cleary in 1850s

  • 1867 CAPT Frederick Thomas Sargood charged with forming a body of cadets to welcome HRH The Duke of Edinburgh


History of the australian army cadets

Melbourne’s version

  • 23 January 1885, LTCOL Sargood approved and gazetted the formation of the Victorian Cadet Corps

  • Mid 1885, nearly 2,000 cadets enrolled throughout Victoria


History of the australian army cadets

Ceremonial Parades

  • Queens Birthday parades

  • Guards of Honour

  • Passing Out parades

  • Remembrance Sunday Parades

  • ANZAC parades


History of the australian army cadets

Bivouacs

  • 1872 - first encampments and bivouacs held

  • 1875 - cadet units enter into mock battles

  • Camps continually held from 1887 until end of 1890s


History of the australian army cadets

Moving on

  • 16th July 1906 - Commonwealth Cadet Corps raised

  • Defence Act of 1910 embodied Corps for universal military training

    • Cadets to be medically fit and between 14-18 years old


History of the australian army cadets

Moving on

  • 1929 - Suspension of Universal Military Training - Division of cadets

  • Regimental detachments of Senior cadets, affiliated with the Militia Forces

  • Detachment of Senior cadets, not affiliated with the Militia Forces


History of the australian army cadets

Moving on

  • 1939 WW II withdraws PMF staff from cadets

  • 1941 Regular Army staff back with cadets

  • Affiliation between cadets and militia


History of the australian army cadets

Moving on

  • 1939 - 4,600 cadets

  • 1941 - 10,000 cadets

  • 1944 - 13,000 cadets

  • December 1944 - approval to issue uniforms at public expense

  • 1945 - approval for annual camp expenses paid from Army vote


History of the australian army cadets

Moving on

  • 1951 - title Australian Cadet Corps first officially adopted

  • 24th May 1963 - Duke of Edinburgh became Colonel-in-Chief

  • 2nd May 1970 - Banner presented to Corps of 46,000 cadets in Australia and PNG


History of the australian army cadets

Moving on

  • 1975 - cadets disbanded

  • 1st October 1976 cadets re-raised

    • responsibility given to schools and community

  • 1981 - Australian Cadet Corps strength 20,650


History of the australian army cadets

Today

  • Australian Defence Force Cadets

    • Australian Army Cadets (AAC)

    • Australian Navy Cadets (ANC)

    • Australian Air Force Cadets (AAFC)

  • Aim

    • “to better equip young people for community life by fostering initiative, leadership, discipline and loyalty through training programs which are also designed to simulate an interest in the Services”


History of the australian army cadets

Summary

  • Relevance

    • The history of the Corps is important for all members to be aware of and gain an understanding of the aims of Cadet Training

    • To better equip you to be a better member of the corps today


History of the australian army cadets

Questions

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