Stop Rules for Worrying & Checking: A Metacognitive Factor in Perseverative Psychopathologies. Graham Davey University of Sussex, UK. Collaborators. Benie MacDonald Helen Startup Gary Britton Suzanne Dash Frances Meeten Fergal Jones. Introduction.
University of Sussex, UK
Relate to Task Motivation
Performance Focused OR Task Focused
‘Enough’ OR ‘Enjoy’
‘As Many as Can’ (AMA) OR ‘Feel Like Continuing’ (FL)
Manipulating Stop Rule (Startup & Davey, 2001)
Stop Rules & Responsibility (Startup & Davey, 2003)
Stop Rule deployment in High & Low Worriers (Davey et al., 2005)
Do stop rules change during a worry bout? (Davey et al., 2007)
AMA – ‘Enough’
FL – ‘Enjoy’
I must find a solution to this problem, so keep thinking about it.
I must try and think about the worst possible outcome, just in case it happens
I must think everything through properly
What’s done is done, so what’s the point in worrying?
I don’t have time to think about this now
Stop worrying, things always work out for the best.
Compulsive checkers deploy AMA stop rules (Meyer, Fisher & Wells, 2009)
Termination of rituals often based on subjective stop criteria
Explanatory constructs such as ‘Inflated Responsibility’ interact with mood (MacDonald & Davey, 2005)
It is the goal-directed nature of checking that causes perseveration, not its complexity
Black = High Responsibility
White = Low Responsibility
Negative mood facilitates endorsement of AMA checking stop rules (Gary Britton)
Negative mood facilitates endorsement of AMA worry stop rules (Suzanne Dash)