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Disorder of the Day. Category: Anxiety Disorders. Source: DSM-IV TR. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Characterized by intrusive thoughts that produce anxiety , and by repetitive behaviors aimed at reducing anxiety Combination of thoughts and behaviors

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disorder of the day

Disorder of the Day

Category: Anxiety Disorders

Source: DSM-IV TR

obsessive compulsive disorder ocd
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • Characterized by intrusive thoughts that produce anxiety, and by repetitive behaviors aimed at reducing anxiety
  • Combination of thoughts and behaviors
  • Compulsions = tasks or “rituals”
obsessions vs compulsions
Obsessions vs Compulsions
  • Obsessions are:
    • Recurrent and persistent thoughts
    • Impulses
    • Images that are intrusive and inappropriate
  • Compulsions are:
    • Repetitive behavior
    • Mental acts
    • Behaviors that prevent or reduce distress
    • Behaviors or acts are not connected in a realistic way with what they are supposed to neutralize
symptoms
Symptoms
  • Repetitive hand washing
  • Extensive hoarding
  • Preoccupation with sexual or aggressive impulses
  • Aversion to odd numbers
  • Nervous habits (i.e. opening a door and closing it a certain number of times before entering a room)
  • Symptoms are often alienating, and often cause sever emotional and economic loss
prevalence
Prevalence
  • OCD is the fourth-most common mental disorder
  • In the US 1 in 50 has OCD
  • Equal in both genders
  • Usually begins in late teens for males and early twenties for females
  • 3% of college graduates develop OCD while only 2% without a college degree
causes of ocd
Causes of OCD
  • Both psychological and biological factors play a role
    • Abnormalities with the brains production of serotonin
treatment
Treatment
  • Therapy and medication
  • “exposure and ritual prevention”
  • SSRIs
  • Some extreme cases rely on “psychosurgery”
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