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AICT 1.2 & 1.3. Types of Organisations. We have seen that you need to distinguish between: Utilities Local Government Charities Banks Retailers Manufacturers Travel, Leisure & Tourism. Ownership. Commercial organisations – or ‘Businesses’ Aim to make a profit (reward to owners)

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types of organisations
Types of Organisations

We have seen that you need to distinguish between:

  • Utilities
  • Local Government
  • Charities
  • Banks
  • Retailers
  • Manufacturers
  • Travel, Leisure & Tourism
ownership
Ownership
  • Commercial organisations – or ‘Businesses’
    • Aim to make a profit (reward to owners)
    • Aim to grow the business (profits, sales, market share, employees)
  • Range in size from
    • Sole traders eg window cleaners
    • Local businesses eg Plumbers, corner shops
    • Medium eg Regional shop chain
    • National eg Halfords, Kwik-Fit
    • International eg Ford, Esso, Coca Cola
objectives
Objectives
  • Commercial –
    • Financed by sales
    • Controlled by owners
  • Public – provide services
    • Financed by taxes,
    • Controlled by Government
  • Non-profit or Charitable
    • Financed by donations & grants
    • Regulated by Charity Commission
use of ict in tesco
Use of ICT in Tesco
  • Market Goods & Services
  • Present information
  • Exchange information
  • Conduct transactions
  • Capture & Process Customer information
  • Control & Optimise Stock
  • Distribute goods
  • Manage Customer relations
use of ict in london ambulance service
Use of ICT in London Ambulance Service
  • Present information
  • Exchange information
  • Public relations
  • Fleet Management
  • Staff Management
  • Facilities Management
  • Telecomms – 1 million phones call pa.
use of ict in a charity bhf
Use of ICT in a Charity: BHF
  • Manage & Invest Funds
  • Donor information
  • Marketing Programmes
  • Management of shops, staff, volunteers
organisations ict information that goes out
Organisations & ICT:Information that goes out…

Task: ICT & Health

Visit NHS Direct & view ‘Best Treatments’

  • Create a list of:
  • Different forms of information
  • Different methods used to find information
  • Different audiences
  • How presentation varies for each audience
task 2 charity ict
Task 2:Charity & ICT
  • On the BHF website find:
  • Capture & processing data
  • Presenting & exchanging information
  • Conducting transactions
  • Marketing goods & services
  • Distributing goods
  • Managing customer relations
  • Optimising Stock levels
use of ict in public sector
Use of ICT in Public Sector
  • Visit British Army & Metropolitan Police websites
  • Can you find:
  • Capturing & Processing data
  • Presenting & exchanging information
  • Conducting transactions
  • Marketing goods & services
  • Managing customer relations
  • Optimising JIT *purchasing *just in time
use of ict in manufacturing
Use of ICT in Manufacturing

Visit the Ford website: Find evidence of

  • Capturing & Processing data
  • Presenting & exchanging information
  • Conducting transactions
  • Marketing goods & services
  • Managing customer relations
  • Optimising JIT *purchasing *just in time
slide12
Size
  • Generally, the larger the organisation, the greater the amount of ICT that is used
  • Find the Turnover, Employee numbers and Number of Office locations (if possible) of:
    • 3 largest International businesses
    • 3 largest UK businesses
    • Largest UK government organisation
    • 3 Largest charities
what is
What is…
  • JIT
  • B2B
  • B2C
  • Find on the web the Objectives of:
    • BUPA
    • Manchester Grammar School
    • PDSA