20 th century discoveries of new testament apocrypha manuscripts
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20 th -Century Discoveries of New Testament Apocrypha Manuscripts. Oxyrhynchus , Egypt (1897–1903). Known in the Dynastic period as Per-medjed , Oxyrhynchus rose to prominence under Egypt ’ s Hellenistic and Roman rulers.

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20 th -Century Discoveries of New Testament Apocrypha Manuscripts

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20th-Century Discoveries of New Testament Apocrypha Manuscripts


Oxyrhynchus, Egypt (1897–1903)

  • Known in the Dynastic period as Per-medjed, Oxyrhynchus rose to prominence under Egypt’s Hellenistic and Roman rulers.

  • It was a prosperous regional capital, reckoned the third city of Egypt, and home town of the sophist Athenaeus.

  • In later antiquity it was famous for its many churches and monasteries.

  • Archeological excavations on the site of an ancient library there eventually recovered over 5000 fragments of ancient Greek texts once present in the library


Nag Hammadi, Egypt (1945)

  • The Nag Hammadi Library was discovered at the foot of the cliffs called Jabal al-Tarif, near the hamlet Hamrah Dum.

  • Not far away from the site there lie remnants of Christian monasteries founded by St.Pachomius (A.D.292–346).


I.(The Jung Codex)

  • 1. The Prayer of the Apostle Paul

  • 2. The Apocryphon of James

  • 3. The Gospel of Truth (1st copy)

  • 4. The Treatise on the Resurrection

  • 5. The Tripartite Tractate


II.

  • 1. The Apocryphon of John (1st copy -- long version)

  • 2. The Gospel of Thomas

  • 3. The Gospel of Philip

  • 4. The Hypostasis of the Archons

  • 5. On the Origin of the World (1st copy)

  • 6. The Exegesis on the Soul

  • 7. The Book of Thomas the Contender


III.

  • 1. The Apocryphon of John (2nd copy -- translation 1 of short version)

  • 2. The Gospel of the Egyptians (1st copy -- translation 1)

  • 3. Eugnostos the Blessed (1st copy)

  • 4. The Sophia of Jesus Christ (1st copy)

  • 5. The Dialogue of the Saviour


IV.

  • 1. The Apocryphon of John (3rd copy -- long version. Copy of same Coptic translation as II.1)

  • 2. The Gospel of the Egyptians (2nd copy-- translation 2)


V.

  • 1. Eugnostos the Blessed (2nd copy)

  • 2. The Apocalypse of Paul

  • 3. The (First) Apocalypse of James

  • 4. The (Second) Apocalypse of James

  • 5. The Apocalypse of Adam


VI.

  • 1. The Acts of Peter and the Twelve Apostles

  • 2. The Thunder: Perfect Mind

  • 3. Authoritative Teaching

  • 4. The Concept of Our Great Power

  • 5. Plato, Republic 588a-589b

  • 6. The Discourse on the Eight and Ninth

  • 7. The Prayer of Thanksgiving

  • 7a. Scribal Note

  • 8. Asclepius 21-29


VII.

  • 1. The Paraphrase of Shem

  • 2. The Second Treatise of the Great Seth

  • 3. Apocalypse of Peter

  • 4. The Teachings of Silvanus

  • 5. The Three Steles of Seth


VIII.

  • 1. Zostrianos

  • 2. The Letter of Peter to Philip


IX–X.

  • IX.

    • 1. Melchizedek

    • 2. The Thought of Norea

    • 3. The Testimony of Truth

  • X. Marsanes


XI.

  • 1. The Interpretation of Knowledge

  • 2. A Valentinian Exposition:

    • 2a. On the Anointing

    • 2b. On Baptism

    • A2c. On Baptism

    • B2d. On the Eucharist

    • A2e. On the Eucharist

    • B3. Allogenes

  • 4. Hypsiphrone


XII. (Mostly burned)

  • 1. The Sentences of Sextus (10 pages only of about 39 originally).

  • 2. The Gospel of Truth (2nd copy)

  • 3. Fragments


XIII.

  • 1. Trimorphic Protennoia

  • 2. On the Origin of the World (2nd copy)

    • This 'codex' consists of only 8 leaves, removed from some volume in antiquity and tucked inside the front cover of codex VI. Papyrus Berolinensis 8502 (BG), Early 5th century

    • 1. The Gospel of Mary

    • 2. The Apocryphon of John (4th copy -- translation 2 of short version)

    • 3. The Sophia of Jesus Christ (2nd copy)

    • 4. The Acts of Peter


Related Discoveries: The Dead Sea Scrolls (1947ff)

  • The Dead Sea is located in Israel and Jordan, about 15 mi. E of Jerusalem

  • The site eventually produced thousands of scroll fragments from eleven caves

  • An additional discovery was the Qumran ruin, a complex of structures located on a barren terrace between the cliffs where the caves are found and the Dead Sea.

  • The scrolls and the Qumran ruin date from the third century B.C.E. to 68 C.E.

  • The scrolls are older than any other surviving biblical manuscripts by almost 1,000 years


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