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Philippines Education System. Importance of education in the Philippines. …… it is the primary avenue for upward social and economic mobility. Education from Ancient Early Filipinos. During Spanish Period (1521-1898).

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Importance of education in the philippines
Importance of education in the Philippines

…… it is the primary avenue for upward social and economic mobility.



During spanish period 1521 1898
During Spanish Period (1521-1898)

  • Members of Christian community (friars) controlled the Christian education.

  • Missionaries served as teachers.

  • Aim of education: Teach Catholic religion (Christian doctrine, reading of Spanish book and little of the native language, Latin instead of Spanish) from Primary to Tertiary level.

  • Science and Mathematics not very much taught.

  • Education during Spanish regime was privileged only for Spanish student.


  • In 1863, by virtue of Education decree, required to provide school institutions for boys and girls in every town. Spanish schools started accepting Filipino students who belong to wealthy family. Intellectual Filipinos emerged like Jose Rizal.

  • School for boys and girls were separated.

  • Under Spanish regime, many colleges and universities were established in Manila and Cebu.

  • ‘Beaterio’ school was opened for the girls who could not afford to educate themselves. Subjects taught were housekeeping, cooking, sewing, and embroidery-making.


During american period 1898 1946
During school institutions for boys and girls in every town. Spanish schools started accepting Filipino students who belong to wealthy family. Intellectual Filipinos emerged like Jose Rizal. American Period (1898-1946)

  • Americans emphasize the importance of education to the Filipino, thus it started the free education in public school (In accordance with 1935 constitution)

  • Filipino soldiers served as teachers until US teachers came in 1901

  • Aim of education: love for country, spread of democracy, formation of good citizens, learn English language

  • Taught: vocational, household housekeeping, good manners and discipline, rights and responsibilities

  • Religion is not part of curriculum.


  • Filipinos excel in reading and writing. school institutions for boys and girls in every town. Spanish schools started accepting Filipino students who belong to wealthy family. Intellectual Filipinos emerged like Jose Rizal.

  • Excellent students become scholar to study in the US to become expert of their chosen field.

  • Adult education exist

  • Many colleges/universities opened from 1901-1908. In 1941, private schools were established.

  • Schools were also built in non-Catholic areas like Sulu, Mindanao, and the Mountain Provinces.


Changes in education during the japanese occupation
Changes in Education during the Japanese Occupation school institutions for boys and girls in every town. Spanish schools started accepting Filipino students who belong to wealthy family. Intellectual Filipinos emerged like Jose Rizal.

  • To stop depending on western countries like the US, and Great Britain

  • To be aware of the materialism to raise the morality of the Filipinos

  • To spread elementary and vocational education.

  • To develop love for work.


Educational system in the present period
Educational System in the Present Period school institutions for boys and girls in every town. Spanish schools started accepting Filipino students who belong to wealthy family. Intellectual Filipinos emerged like Jose Rizal.

Classes start in June and end in March

College semesteral calendar is from June – October (1stsem), November – March (2ndsem)

Elementary – 6 years

High School – 4 years (6 years now)

Technical and vocational – to enhance practical skills. These are government owned institution.


Tertiary with two classifications: school institutions for boys and girls in every town. Spanish schools started accepting Filipino students who belong to wealthy family. Intellectual Filipinos emerged like Jose Rizal.

Public tertiary Education – non sectarian entities

Private tertiary institution – combination of sectarian and non-sectarian

Other schools – private schools, preparatory schools, international schools, science high schools and several foreign ethnic groups like Chinese, British, Americans, Koreans and Japanese


K 12 issue started this year as approved by the president
K-12 Issue – started this year as approved by the president.

As seen in the education outcomes of Filipino students and the comparative disadvantage of the Philippines with regards to “other countries.”

  • The only country that has 10 in both elementary and high school years

  • National Achievement Test (NAT) results were not getting satisfactory – poor performance

  • Graduates are not ready for higher education or employment

  • Other countries do not consider our graduates as professionals abroad


New curriculum k 12
New Curriculum (K-12) president.

  • Focused more on the learners and not on the teacher

    meaning less memorization and more encouraging for critical thinking

  • Graduates will be more matured when they enter college or that they will be ready for work

  • Produce productive, responsible citizens with the essential competence and skills for both life-long learning and environment



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