Authored by John W. Desmarais 18-Dec-1999
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Authored by John W. Desmarais 18-Dec-1999 Updated by Brockman 09-Jul-2008 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Authored by John W. Desmarais 18-Dec-1999 Updated by Brockman 09-Jul-2008 Modified by Lt Colonel Fred Blundell TX-129 Fort Worth Senior Squadron For Local Training Rev 5.0 02-Jan-2014.

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Authored by John W. Desmarais 18-Dec-1999 Updated by Brockman 09-Jul-2008

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Authored by john w desmarais 18 dec 1999 updated by brockman 09 jul 2008

Authored by John W. Desmarais 18-Dec-1999

Updated by Brockman 09-Jul-2008

Modified by Lt Colonel Fred Blundell

TX-129 Fort Worth Senior Squadron

For Local Training Rev 5.0 02-Jan-2014


Authored by john w desmarais 18 dec 1999 updated by brockman 09 jul 2008

This Training Slide Show is a project undertaken by Lt Colonel Fred Blundell of the TX-129 Fort Worth Senior Squadron, Fort Worth, TX for local use to assist those CAP Members interested in advancing their skills. The information contained herein is for CAP Member’s personal use and is not intended to replace or be a substitute for any of the CAP National Training Programs. Users should review the presentation’s Revision Number at the end of each file name to ensure that they have the most current publication.


Four factors making emergency response necessary

Four Factors MakingEmergency ResponseNecessary

  • A lag in the alert of mission personnel

    • Limit your search area quickly

  • The odds of a victim surviving as time goes on

  • Size of the search area

  • Available information

    • Information is fragile


Matching response with need

Matching Responsewith Need

  • Are less than 6 hours of daylight left?

  • Is the victim very young or old?

  • Does the victim have a known or potential medical problem?

  • Is there only one person involved?

  • Are weather conditions bad now, or were they when the person, boat or aircraft went missing?


Matching response with need continued

Matching Responsewith Need(Continued)

  • Was the victim poorly equipped to handle the environment - including the airworthiness of the aircraft or seaworthiness of the boat?

  • Is the subject inexperienced in the environment and/or the local area?

  • Are known hazardous conditions in the area?


Matching response with need continued1

Matching Responsewith Need(Continued)

  • Is the objective missing in an area in which there have been numerous SAR cases?

  • Is the individual reasonably overdue, measured by standards normally used to determine that someone is overdue

  • Does this search pass the SANITY CHECK?


Sar responsibility in t he united states

SAR Responsibilityin the United States

  • Navigable Waterways = USCG

  • Single State, Land = Local Law Enforcement normally

  • Single State, Aircraft = State OEM (Office of Emergency Management) or designee

    • Often CAP is the designee

  • Multiple State Searches = AFRCC


Primary resources

Primary Resources

  • Air Force Units

  • Coast Guard Units

  • Mountain Rescue Association

  • Civil Air Patrol

  • Explorer SAR Teams

  • National Park Service

  • And other such agencies…


Secondary resources

Secondary Resources

  • Red Cross

  • Salvation Army

  • Amateur Radio Emergency Service

  • Local Law Enforcement

  • Fire Departments

  • Military

  • And other such agencies…


Search planning

Search Planning

  • Area of Possibility (AOP)

  • Last Known Point (LKP)

  • Point Last Seen (PLS)

  • Probability of Area (POA)

  • Probability of Detection (POD)

  • Probability of Success (POS)


Area of possibility

Area of Possibility

  • How far could the missing person or aircraft gotten from the point last scene using the available information?

    • Can be a rather large area

    • To many unknowns often make the worst case look real bad


Last known point

Last Known Point

  • LKP is the last spot at which we can definitely establish the victim’s presence by things like:

    • Radio reports

    • Telephone calls

    • Trail Logs

    • Physical information like the victims car or equipment located


Point last seen

Point Last Seen

  • PLS is the spot anyone actually saw (Radar skin paint counts) the missing person/aircraft. PLS is established by witnesses.


Probability of area

Probability of Area

  • A mathematical prioritization of search areas by the mission staff

  • Normally follow the Mattson Consensus

  • A tool that incorporates the experience of mission staff

  • Basically an educated guess


Probability of detection

Probability of Detection

  • The percentage accuracy of searchers based on historical data.

  • Trained searchers should have a higher POD than untrained searchers

  • Relevant local data should supersede national historical data

  • Searchers try to gain a high POD for a search area before closing a search


Probability of success

Probability of Success

  • POA x POD = POS

  • Just a tool, remembering that not only is historical data used, but also the guesses of the mission staff.


Information gathering

Information Gathering

  • Be a good reporter. Answer the following:

    • Who

    • What

    • When

    • Where

    • Why

    • How

  • Play twenty questions (See Reference Text)


How is information gathered

How isinformation gathered?

  • Searching an area

    • Clues

    • Lack of Clues

    • De-briefing crews

  • Interviews

  • Good press relations


Processing information

Processing Information

  • Information and Knowledge

    • Paper processing

    • Computer processing

      • Map oriented or Tracking Programs

      • Management Assistance programs

        • Formula or Number Crunching

        • Personnel Tracking & Processing


7 steps to start a search

7 Steps to Start a Search

Start a Log

Gain Cooperation

Find out what has been done already

Get control of the physical facilities

Start posting information

Get a grip on Search Strategy

Plan for staff turnover and future operational periods


Search management tasks

Search ManagementTasks

  • Every task that a team leader, branch director, or incident staff member accomplishes can be related to search management

  • Remember that accuracy counts, and nothing found is still information found


Questions

QUESTIONS?

ALWAYS THINK SAFETY!


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