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What Does it Take to Put All Students on the Graduation Path?. California League of Schools K-12 Annual Conference-South Robert Balfanz Everyone Graduates Center School of Education Johns Hopkins University.
California League of Schools
K-12 Annual Conference-South
Everyone Graduates Center
School of Education
Johns Hopkins University
The 9th grades in the nation’s lowest performing high schools are filled with students both lacking a good middle grades education and who have learned in the middle grades that schooling as they experience it might not be for them.
Student’s Middle Grades Experience and in Particular the Extent to which they are able to regularly attend school, behave, learn to try hard, and do well in their courses (the ABC’s of Post-Secondary Success) greatly shapes their educational trajectories, particularly in high poverty environments.
The Primary Off-Track Indicators for Potential Dropouts:
Sixth-grade students with one or more of the indicators may have only a 15% to 25% chance of graduating from high school on time or within one year of expected graduation
Note: Early Warning Indicator graph from Philadelphia research which has been replicated in 10 cities.
Robert Balfanz and Liza Herzog, Johns Hopkins University; Philadelphia Education Fund
In three representative high-poverty middle schools, 77% of the students who attended 95% of the time, got excellent behavior grades, had above average effort levels during 6th, 7th and 8th grades, and strong teachers for 2 of the 3 years made large achievement gains in math
Less then 20% of students in the sample of three high-poverty middle schools, however, had high attendance, excellent behavior, and high effort levels throughout grades 6-8, and strong teachers in two of the three years
Fortunately, quite a lot…
Second, help High Poverty Middle Schools assemble existing evidence based solutions into a comprehensive School Design that can meet the educational challenge faced.
Providing the Right Support to the Right Student at the Right Time
at the Scale and Intensity Required
Intensity of interventions
Forth, Confront the Effort GapThe outcome of school needs to be worthwhile and schools need to be places where students and teachers want to be and work hard
We need to be honest that in over-stressed and under-supported environments there is a gap between teacher’s having high expectations and student’s having high aspirations and a strong belief that that they will be realized. This leads to diminished effort.
Investing in Innovation (i3) winner
The Diplomas Now partners harness and combine their unique assets to keep students on track college and career ready
Diplomas Now partnered with three Philadelphia high poverty middle schools in 2009-2010. These schools average 615 students, 84% of whom are eligible to receive free or reduced price lunch. Below are the aggregate results for all three schools from the 2009-10 School year.
# of Students with less than 80% Attendance
# of Students with 3 or more negative behavior marks
# of Students receiving an F in Math or English
Fifth, while we are scaling Middle Grades for the 21st Century 1.0 we need to get to work designing Middle Grades for the 21st Century 2.0