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SADDAM HUSSEIN. General Information Youth Rise in Ba’ath Part Consolidation of Power Foreign Affairs Invasion of Iraq Pursuit and Capture. GENERAL INFORMATION. born April 28 , 1937 President of Iraq from 1979 to 2003 . espoused secular pan-Arabism , economic

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General Information
  • Youth
  • Rise in Ba’ath Part
  • Consolidation of Power
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Invasion of Iraq
  • Pursuit and Capture
general information
  • born April 28, 1937
  • President of Iraq from 1979 to 2003.
  • espoused secular pan-Arabism, economic
  • modernization, and socialism
general information1
  • Iraq\'s economy grew at a rapid pace in the 1970s
  • As president, he developed a pervasive personality cult
  • Iran-Iraq War (1980–1988)
  • Captured by U.S. forces on December 13, 2003
  • Was born in the village of Al-Awja in Tikrit
  • "Saddam," which in Arabic means "one who confronts
  • He never knew his father, Hussein \'Abd al-Majid, who died or disappeared five months before Saddam was born.
  • Saddam\'s twelve-year-old brother died of cancer
  • His mother attempted both to abort Saddam and kill herself and refused to care for her new child when he was born
  • Very depressive childhood
  • Learned many things from his uncle. He was ambitious.
  • he attended a nationalistic secondary school in Baghdad
  • at age 20, Saddam joined the revolutionary pan-ArabBa\'ath Party, of which his uncle was a supporter
rise in the ba ath party
Rise in the Ba\'ath party
  • Ba\'athists opposed the new government, and in 1959, Saddam was involved in the attempted assassination of Prime Minister Qassim
  • Saddam was shot in the leg, but managed to flee to Syria,
  • Saddam returned to Iraq, but was imprisoned in 1964
  • He escaped from jail in 1967 and became one of the leading members of the party
rise in the ba ath party1
Rise in the Ba\'ath party
  • Saddam never forgot the tensions within the first Ba\'athist government
  • He was ambitious
  • In July1968 a second coup brought the Ba\'athists back to power under General Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr a Tikriti and a relative of Saddam
consolidation of power
Consolidation of power
  • In 1976 Saddam was appointed a general in the Iraqi armed forces
consolidation of power1
Consolidation of Power
  • Saddam soon gained a powerful circle of support within the party through his ambition.
  • President Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr became increasingly unable to execute the duties
  • Saddam began to take an increasingly prominent role as the face of the Iraqi government, both internally and externally
  • 1970s, Saddam had emerged as the undisputed de facto leader of Iraq.
foreign affairs
Foreign affairs
  • Communication barriers
  • Iraq signed an aid pact with the Soviet Union in 1972
  • Western orientation from then until the Persian Gulf War in 1991
  • Saddam initiated Iraq\'s nuclear enrichment project in the 1980s, with French assistance
foreign affairs1
Foreign Affairs
  • first Iraqi nuclear reactor was named by the French Osiraq
  • Destroyed by an Israeli air strike shortly before it became capable of producing weapons
2003 invasion of iraq
2003 invasion of Iraq
  • Bush claimed, "The Iraqi regime has plotted to develop anthrax, and nerve gas, and nuclear weapons for over a decade."
  • "Iraq continues to flaunt its hostility toward America and to support terror," said Bush
  • The Iraqi government and military collapsed within three weeks of the beginning of the U.S.-led 2003 invasion of Iraq on March 20
  • When Baghdad fell to the Coalition on April 9, Saddam was nowhere to be found.
pursuit and capture
Pursuit and capture
  • His sons and political heirs, Uday and Qusay, were killed in July 2003 in an engagement with U.S. forces after a tip-off from an Iraqi informant
  • Paul Bremer, formally announced the capture of Saddam by saying, "Ladies and gentlemen, we got him!" He was captured at approximately 8:30 PM Iraqi time on December 13, in an underground "spider hole" at a farmhouse in ad-Dawr near his home town Tikri