Orthotics in rehabilitation. Secondary scoliosis. Scoliosis is a more complex, helical deformity in which a curve in the coronal plane is combined with abnormal rotation of the vertebrae in the transverse plane.
Orthotics in rehabilitation
The definition and classification of the causes of scoliosis made more than two millennia ago by Hippocrates still stands true today. He stated that:‘There are many variations of curvatures of the spine, even in persons who are in good health, for it takes place from natural conformations (congenital and idiopathic) and from habit (functional) and the spine is liable to be bent from old age (degenerative) and pains (acquired).’
Intersecting angle between lines drawn from upper and lower surfaces of vertebrae at the end of the curve.
The Scoliosis Research Society:has defined a medically significant scoliosis as any curve that is 10 degrees or more with or without a rotatorycomponent.
A standard physiotherapy programme is essential to