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UNIT #1 Foundations of U.S. Government CHAPTER #3 The United States Constitution LESSON #1 The Basic Principles PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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UNIT #1 Foundations of U.S. Government CHAPTER #3 The United States Constitution LESSON #1 The Basic Principles. UNIT #1 Foundations of U.S. Government CHAPTER #3 The United States Constitution LESSON #1 The Basic Principles. What is the Constitution. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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UNIT #1 Foundations of U.S. Government CHAPTER #3 The United States Constitution LESSON #1 The Basic Principles

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Unit 1 foundations of u s government chapter 3 the united states constitution lesson 1 the basic principles

UNIT #1

Foundations of U.S. Government

CHAPTER #3

The United States Constitution

LESSON #1

The Basic Principles


Unit 1 foundations of u s government chapter 3 the united states constitution lesson 1 the basic principles

UNIT #1

Foundations of U.S. Government

CHAPTER #3

The United States Constitution

LESSON #1

The Basic Principles

What is the Constitution

-The Constitution was written in 1787, ratified in 1788 and became the national law in 1789

-The U.S. Constitution is the basic law of the land

-It describes how the national government should be set up

-No law, national, state or local is higher than the Constitution

Page 1


Unit 1 foundations of u s government chapter 3 the united states constitution lesson 1 the basic principles

UNIT #1

Foundations of U.S. Government

CHAPTER #3

The United States Constitution

LESSON #1

The Basic Principles

Make-up of the Constitution

  • -The Constitution is divided into three parts

  • The Preamble

  • Explains why the constitution was written

  • The Articles

  • Seven Articles total

  • They lay out the plan of the national government

  • Article I--describes the legislative branch

  • Article II-- describes the executive branch

Page 2


Unit 1 foundations of u s government chapter 3 the united states constitution lesson 1 the basic principles

UNIT #1

Foundations of U.S. Government

CHAPTER #3

The United States Constitution

LESSON #1

The Basic Principles

(continued)

  • Article III--describes the judicial branch

  • Article IV--explains the relationship between states and the national government

  • Article V--describes the process for amending the constitution

  • Article VI--declares the Constitution the “supreme law of the land”

  • Article VII--explains the process of ratifying the Constitution

Page 3


Unit 1 foundations of u s government chapter 3 the united states constitution lesson 1 the basic principles

UNIT #1

Foundations of U.S. Government

CHAPTER #3

The United States Constitution

LESSON #1

The Basic Principles

(Continued)

  • 3. Amendments

  • The first ten amendments are known as the Bill of Rights (1791)

  • There have been 17 additional amendments since 1791

Page 4


Unit 1 foundations of u s government chapter 3 the united states constitution lesson 1 the basic principles

UNIT #1

Foundations of U.S. Government

CHAPTER #3

The United States Constitution

LESSON #1

The Basic Principles

The Principles of the Constitution

  • 1. Popular Sovereignty

  • The national government’s power comes from the consent of the people

    2. Federalism

  • Power is divided between the state and national governments

  • Each has its own duties and responsibilities

    3. Separation of Powers

  • Each branch of government (executive, legislative and judicial) has its own duties and responsibilities

Page 5


Unit 1 foundations of u s government chapter 3 the united states constitution lesson 1 the basic principles

UNIT #1

Foundations of U.S. Government

CHAPTER #3

The United States Constitution

LESSON #1

The Basic Principles

(continued)

4. Checks and Balances

  • Each branch has duties that “restrain” the other two branches

  • Judicial Review

  • Courts can rule on the constitutionality of national, state or local law

    6. Limited Government

  • The national government is not all-powerful, the citizens of the nation are

  • The Bill of Rights is a visible example of government’s power being limited

Page 6