Ibn Taymiyya (1263-1328)
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 10

Taqi al-Din Ahmad ibn Taymiyya Hanbali theologian and mufti PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 106 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Ibn Taymiyya (1263-1328). Taqi al-Din Ahmad ibn Taymiyya Hanbali theologian and mufti Family left Harran to avoid Mongol threat in 1269; thereafter brought up in Damascus 1284 Succeeded father as head of a madrasa (religious college). Ibn Taymiyya (1263-1328).

Download Presentation

Taqi al-Din Ahmad ibn Taymiyya Hanbali theologian and mufti

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Taqi al din ahmad ibn taymiyya hanbali theologian and mufti

Ibn Taymiyya (1263-1328)

Taqi al-Din Ahmad ibn Taymiyya

Hanbali theologian and mufti

Family left Harran to avoid Mongol threat in

1269; thereafter brought up in Damascus

1284 Succeeded father as head of a madrasa

(religious college)


Taqi al din ahmad ibn taymiyya hanbali theologian and mufti

Ibn Taymiyya (1263-1328)

Also worked in various places as administrator

and teacher. Employed by Mamluk

sultans as jihad propagandist. Wrote many

works, esp. fatwas on many legal topics.

Advocate of Islamic reform

1293 onwards involved in number of political

and theological disputes; repeatedly

accused of anthropomorphism.

Imprisoned several times


Taqi al din ahmad ibn taymiyya hanbali theologian and mufti

Ibn al-Shatir (1306-75)

Damascene astronomer, also timekeeper

and chief mu’adhdhin (caller to prayer)

at Great Umayyad Mosque


Taqi al din ahmad ibn taymiyya hanbali theologian and mufti

Ibn al-Shatir (1306-75)

Addressed issue of eccentric movement of

planets. Solved problem by assuming

planets move in own circular orbits while

orbiting earth

Geometry used by Ibn al-Shatir appears in

Europe in mid-16th c. when Copernicus

proposes heliocentric universe


Taqi al din ahmad ibn taymiyya hanbali theologian and mufti

Ibn Khaldun (b. Tunis 1332, d. Cairo 1406)

Famous Muslim historian, sociologist

and philosopher

Born in Tunis, standard religious education

Parents died of plague when he was 17


Taqi al din ahmad ibn taymiyya hanbali theologian and mufti

Ibn Khaldun (b. Tunis 1332, d. Cairo 1406)

Went to court at Fez and took up administrative

position, but soon left it to travel. Had

various adventures and worked in various

courts in Spain and N. Africa

Eventually went to Cairo to escape plot,

arrived 1382

Became popular teacher, held various teaching

and legal positions, incl. occasional work

for Mamluk sultans. Met Timur Lang


Taqi al din ahmad ibn taymiyya hanbali theologian and mufti

Ibn Khaldun (b. Tunis 1332, d. Cairo 1406)

Best known for two works:

1. Kitab al-‘Ibar - universal history

2. Al-Muqaddima - introduction to

historian’s craft as scientific pursuit.

Proposes link between historical

development and environment, with

instrumental factor being repeated

invasions by then corruption of nomads


Taqi al din ahmad ibn taymiyya hanbali theologian and mufti

Hafez (c. 1325-c. 1390)

Famous Persian mystical poet, lived most of

life in Shiraz

Educated in religious sciences (hafiz = “one

who has memorised the Qur’an”) and

Persian poetry

Sufi, but not ascetic. Lover of good life

Wrote lyric poems in simple language, but

replete with symbolic images


Taqi al din ahmad ibn taymiyya hanbali theologian and mufti

Muhammad ibn Battuta (b. Tangier 1304,

d. Morocco btw. 1368 and 1377)

Shams al-Din Abu ‘Abd Allah Muhammad

ibn ‘Abd Allah al-Tanji

Trained as qadi, then in 1325 set out to

perform hajj and find teachers. By time

returned to Morocco in 1349 had

covered over 60,000 miles and done

hajj three times


Taqi al din ahmad ibn taymiyya hanbali theologian and mufti

Muhammad ibn Battuta (b. Tangier 1304,

d. Morocco btw. 1368 and 1377)

Travelled through most of Muslim world.

Met Ottoman sultan Orhan (r. 1326-62),

Il-Khan Abu Sa‘id (r. 1316-35) and

Uzbeg, Khan of Golden Horde (r. 1313-41)

Served sultan of Delhi for 7 years as qadi,

and spent several months in Maldives in

same role. Visit to China may have been

added to his travelogue (rihla) by his editor

Later visited Mali and Granada


  • Login