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Monitoring. By Kerry Kirk Pflugh Chief Raritan Bureau. Examples of Ambient Monitoring. NJDEP / USGS Cooperative Ambient SW & GW Networks Existing Water Quality Network Ambient Biomonitoring Network Fish IBI. Monitoring & Assessment Programs.

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Monitoring

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Monitoring l.jpg

Monitoring

By Kerry Kirk Pflugh

Chief

Raritan Bureau


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Examples of Ambient Monitoring

  • NJDEP / USGS Cooperative Ambient SW & GW Networks

  • Existing Water Quality Network

  • Ambient Biomonitoring Network

  • Fish IBI


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Monitoring & Assessment Programs

  • Ambient Surface water & Ground water monitoring networks

    • Cooperative program with USGS to develop and maintain a chemical / physical database for use in establishing status and trends in both water and stream sediment quality.

    • 115 Stations in the surface water network, and 150 in the ground water network.


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Ambient Surface Water Monitoring Network

Legend


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Monitoring & Assessment Programs

  • Ambient Biomonitoring Network (AMNET)

    • Statewide network of over 800 biological monitoring stations providing the framework for ecological assessments of impairment in every watershed and sub-watershed.

    • Based upon benthic macroinvertebrate population data.

    • Every station sampled once every five years, on a rotational schedule.


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Monitoring & Assessment Programs

  • Ambient Biomonitoring Network (AMNET)

    • Biomonitoring, by itself, does not provide cause/effect assessment. However, when combined with other sources of data, such as ambient chemical monitoring data, NJPDES Discharge monitoring data, and Non-Point Source monitoring data, it becomes a vital element in an overall watershed assessment.


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Ambient Biomonitoring Network (AMNET)


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TYPES OF VOLUNTEER MONITORING

Biological Assessment Team

River Assessment Teams

Chemical Assessment Teams


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GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

Perform RATs and BATs

  • Train community groups in RATs and BATs

  • Educate citizens about watersheds and watershed related issues


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RATS and BATS

  • A state-wide volunteer initiative

  • A great way to be involved in a community effort to support your habitat

  • Can lead to direct restorative action being taken in the watershed

  • The rivers and streams need your help

  • Fantastic way to involve whole families in watershed action


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VOLUNTEER MONITORING

  • Become more familiar with the streams in your area.

  • Knowledge is power. By collecting and collating data, we become empowered to affect a positive change.

  • Quantify the effects of long-term nonpoint source pollution

  • Protect the most vital resource we have!

  • It is fun!


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VOLUNTEER MONITORING

How?

  • Take an Americorps/NJDEP workshop

  • Fill out a volunteer monitoring form

  • Adopt a site

  • - sample site no more than 4 times a year

  • - choose sites other than NJDEP monitoring

  • sites


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VOLUNTEER MONITORING

Why?

  • Become more familiar with the streams in

  • your area

  • Quantify the effects of long

  • term nonpoint source

  • pollution

  • NJDEP needs help gathering data


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VOLUNTEER MONITORING INFORMATION FORM

  • Name of individual or organization

  • What Watershed Management Area number/region will you be monitoring in?

  • Which waterway will you be monitoring? (Please be as specific as possible?)

  • What type of monitoring will you perform?

  • What are you or the organization hoping to accomplish through volunteer monitoring?

  • What is the intended purpose of the data collected?


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VOLUNTEER

MONITORING

FORM

  • Tells NJDEP who you are and where you’re monitoring

  • Decreases duplicated efforts

  • Assists NJDEP in helping you attain your sampling goals


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Biological Assessment TeamS


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WHY BUGS?

Benthic Macroinvertebrates are good indicators of water quality because:

  • They live in the same portion of the stream

  • most of their lives

  • Certain macroinvertebrates are more sensitive to

  • pollution than others

  • These particular invertebrates are sampled

  • because they can be seen with the naked eye


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POLLUTION SENSITIVE


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SOMEWHAT SENSITIVE TO POLLUTION


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POLLUTION TOLERANT


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STREAM BOTTOM TYPES

Muddy Bottom Streams

Rocky Bottom Streams


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FIELD EQUIPMENT

  • Nets: D-Frame Net (Muddy Bottom)

  • Kick-seine (Rocky Bottom)

  • Bug Identification Tools

  • Collection/Sorting Equipment

  • Thermometer

  • Attire


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Muddy Bottom

total of 20 scoops

Sample 4 types of habitats

stream-side sorting

Rocky Bottom

site with riffles

kick-seine placement

rock rubbing

stream-side sorting

SAMPLING TECHNIQUES


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ROCKY BOTTOM SAMPLING TECHNIQUE


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MUDDY BOTTOM SAMPLING TECHNIQUE


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SORTING THE SAMPLE


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IDENTIFYING THE BUGS


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SIDE ONE

  • Monitoring group

  • information

  • Sampling specifics

  • Site characteristics

  • Macroinvertebrate counts

  • Water quality rating


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SIDE TWO

  • Stream characterization

  • Land uses

  • Discharge pipe

  • information

  • Comments


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River Assessment

Assunpink Creek at Roosevelt Nov 6th 2000

Miry Run at Rte 533, Hamilton Twp. Nov. 6th 2000

Assunpink Creek, Roosevelt

December 16th


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RATS DATA

  • Canopy cover

  • Riparian vegetation

  • Stream alteration

  • Manmade structures

  • Outfalls

  • Water conditions/Surface coatings

  • Potential nonpoint pollution sources


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What can the Data be used for?

  • Supporting information at planning board hearings to show potential impacts of a proposed development

  • Identification of “action now” projects in the Watershed Management Planning process

  • Monitoring the success/failure of restoration projects

  • Development of the impaired stream list required under section 305(b) of the Clean Water Act

  • Identify areas for open space acquisition


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