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Monitoring. By Kerry Kirk Pflugh Chief Raritan Bureau. Examples of Ambient Monitoring. NJDEP / USGS Cooperative Ambient SW & GW Networks Existing Water Quality Network Ambient Biomonitoring Network Fish IBI. Monitoring & Assessment Programs.

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Monitoring

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Monitoring

By Kerry Kirk Pflugh

Chief

Raritan Bureau


Examples of Ambient Monitoring

  • NJDEP / USGS Cooperative Ambient SW & GW Networks

  • Existing Water Quality Network

  • Ambient Biomonitoring Network

  • Fish IBI


Monitoring & Assessment Programs

  • Ambient Surface water & Ground water monitoring networks

    • Cooperative program with USGS to develop and maintain a chemical / physical database for use in establishing status and trends in both water and stream sediment quality.

    • 115 Stations in the surface water network, and 150 in the ground water network.


Ambient Surface Water Monitoring Network

Legend


Monitoring & Assessment Programs

  • Ambient Biomonitoring Network (AMNET)

    • Statewide network of over 800 biological monitoring stations providing the framework for ecological assessments of impairment in every watershed and sub-watershed.

    • Based upon benthic macroinvertebrate population data.

    • Every station sampled once every five years, on a rotational schedule.


Monitoring & Assessment Programs

  • Ambient Biomonitoring Network (AMNET)

    • Biomonitoring, by itself, does not provide cause/effect assessment. However, when combined with other sources of data, such as ambient chemical monitoring data, NJPDES Discharge monitoring data, and Non-Point Source monitoring data, it becomes a vital element in an overall watershed assessment.


Ambient Biomonitoring Network (AMNET)


TYPES OF VOLUNTEER MONITORING

Biological Assessment Team

River Assessment Teams

Chemical Assessment Teams


GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

Perform RATs and BATs

  • Train community groups in RATs and BATs

  • Educate citizens about watersheds and watershed related issues


RATS and BATS

  • A state-wide volunteer initiative

  • A great way to be involved in a community effort to support your habitat

  • Can lead to direct restorative action being taken in the watershed

  • The rivers and streams need your help

  • Fantastic way to involve whole families in watershed action


VOLUNTEER MONITORING

  • Become more familiar with the streams in your area.

  • Knowledge is power. By collecting and collating data, we become empowered to affect a positive change.

  • Quantify the effects of long-term nonpoint source pollution

  • Protect the most vital resource we have!

  • It is fun!


VOLUNTEER MONITORING

How?

  • Take an Americorps/NJDEP workshop

  • Fill out a volunteer monitoring form

  • Adopt a site

  • - sample site no more than 4 times a year

  • - choose sites other than NJDEP monitoring

  • sites


VOLUNTEER MONITORING

Why?

  • Become more familiar with the streams in

  • your area

  • Quantify the effects of long

  • term nonpoint source

  • pollution

  • NJDEP needs help gathering data


VOLUNTEER MONITORING INFORMATION FORM

  • Name of individual or organization

  • What Watershed Management Area number/region will you be monitoring in?

  • Which waterway will you be monitoring? (Please be as specific as possible?)

  • What type of monitoring will you perform?

  • What are you or the organization hoping to accomplish through volunteer monitoring?

  • What is the intended purpose of the data collected?


VOLUNTEER

MONITORING

FORM

  • Tells NJDEP who you are and where you’re monitoring

  • Decreases duplicated efforts

  • Assists NJDEP in helping you attain your sampling goals


Biological Assessment TeamS


WHY BUGS?

Benthic Macroinvertebrates are good indicators of water quality because:

  • They live in the same portion of the stream

  • most of their lives

  • Certain macroinvertebrates are more sensitive to

  • pollution than others

  • These particular invertebrates are sampled

  • because they can be seen with the naked eye


POLLUTION SENSITIVE


SOMEWHAT SENSITIVE TO POLLUTION


POLLUTION TOLERANT


STREAM BOTTOM TYPES

Muddy Bottom Streams

Rocky Bottom Streams


FIELD EQUIPMENT

  • Nets: D-Frame Net (Muddy Bottom)

  • Kick-seine (Rocky Bottom)

  • Bug Identification Tools

  • Collection/Sorting Equipment

  • Thermometer

  • Attire


Muddy Bottom

total of 20 scoops

Sample 4 types of habitats

stream-side sorting

Rocky Bottom

site with riffles

kick-seine placement

rock rubbing

stream-side sorting

SAMPLING TECHNIQUES


ROCKY BOTTOM SAMPLING TECHNIQUE


MUDDY BOTTOM SAMPLING TECHNIQUE


SORTING THE SAMPLE


IDENTIFYING THE BUGS


SIDE ONE

  • Monitoring group

  • information

  • Sampling specifics

  • Site characteristics

  • Macroinvertebrate counts

  • Water quality rating


SIDE TWO

  • Stream characterization

  • Land uses

  • Discharge pipe

  • information

  • Comments


River Assessment

Assunpink Creek at Roosevelt Nov 6th 2000

Miry Run at Rte 533, Hamilton Twp. Nov. 6th 2000

Assunpink Creek, Roosevelt

December 16th


RATS DATA

  • Canopy cover

  • Riparian vegetation

  • Stream alteration

  • Manmade structures

  • Outfalls

  • Water conditions/Surface coatings

  • Potential nonpoint pollution sources


What can the Data be used for?

  • Supporting information at planning board hearings to show potential impacts of a proposed development

  • Identification of “action now” projects in the Watershed Management Planning process

  • Monitoring the success/failure of restoration projects

  • Development of the impaired stream list required under section 305(b) of the Clean Water Act

  • Identify areas for open space acquisition


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