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Think About Your Thinking. Mental Models. Do you agree?. Pretty girls are often dumb. Students in the leading universities are more intelligent. Students with g ood grades are also well-behaved. Good grades guarantee big money in the future.

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Think about your thinking

Think About Your Thinking

Mental Models


Do you agree
Do you agree?

Pretty girls are often dumb.

Students in the leading universities are more intelligent.

Students with good grades arealso well-behaved.

Good grades guarantee big money in the future.

Wealthy people live luxuriously.


Warm up activity
Warm-up Activity

Draw a scientist on a piece of paper.


Is this how you would picture a scientist
Is This How You Would Picturea Scientist?

Is it like him?


You are not alone
You are Not Alone!

The majority of people (be it a child, a teen or an adult), when asked to draw a scientist, they would include the following features in their paintings:

  • Male

  • Wearing a white laboratory coat

  • Wearing a pair of glasses

  • Messy hair and thick eyebrows

  • Alone


What are mental models
What are Mental Models?

Mental models are concepts that are unconscious andhave become “automatic”.

Wehardly ever stop to think over our “thinking methods”.

When examining our thinking processes, we must pay attention to the following three aspects:

  • Assumptions

  • Beliefs

  • Biases


Why do we need to think about our thinking
Why Do We Need to Think AboutOur Thinking?

This is because we may:

  • Not be aware we are making assumptions

  • Not be aware of our beliefs

  • Hold negative view towards others

    The above may lead to mistakes/unsound judgements.

Take drawing a scientist as an example,we all tend to have a set of rigid ideas about the features of a scientist. These ideas are what we call mental models.


Other examples of mental models
Other Examples of Mental Models

Pretty girls are often dumb.

Students in the leading universities are more intelligent.

Students with good gradesare also well-behaved.

Good grades guarantee big money in the future.

Wealthy people live luxuriously.


I s it easy to change one s mental models
Is it Easy to Change One’s Mental Models?

No!

This is called Confirmation Bias.

  • People tend to seek information that confirm their priorbeliefs.

  • In other words, we do not want to evaluate information that runs counter to what we believe is true!


Superstition does putting a curs e on someone actually work
Superstition:DoesPutting a Curse on SomeoneActually Work?

  • Suppose that we know we are cursed, we will pay special attention to our surroundings to see ifsomething unfortunate will happen.

  • Thus, the happening of such events will confirm our belief that the “curse works.”

  • This is an example of confirmation bias.


Stereotypes
Stereotypes

We often have impressions about a group of people based on the image of what the people in that group are like. These impressions are deep-rooted and can be:

  • Wrong;

  • Unreasonable;

  • Or based on wrong thinking.


Practise use critical thinking more often
Practise & Use Critical Thinking More Often

  • Examine your own mental model

  • Avoidconfirmation bias

  • Use critical thinking in your

    daily life


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