The Structure of Nominalization in Burmese. How Underlying Nominals Provide Order to the Grammar. Ontological Nominals function as a kind of Architectural Support to Language. Burma. 11-16th Century Written Burmese – Modern – Formal Burmese.
How Underlying Nominals Provide Order to the Grammar
11-16th Century Written Burmese – Modern – Formal Burmese
17-20th Century Spoken Burmese – Modern – Colloquial Burmese
N + N Nominal ‘Tong’
N + V Nominal
N + P Nominal
Positional PhraseRules of Nominal Formation
Ontological nominals (objects, concepts, or other entities) are:
Ground + Figure Absolutive vs.
Figure + Ground Transitive
Simple and Complex Words, Phrases, Nominalized Clauses
Clause or Particle Phrase
Sentence, Section, TextOntological Constructions
[ Ground Figure ][ Ground Figure ]
[ Ground ][ Figure ]
[ Ground ][Figure]
Particle u ka. Agent/Source marks Sections of Text
Reverse of Expository Text Ground - Figure Relations
Narrative Action Line and Offline – distribution of u ka.
(N+V) (N + P)
(Word with Observer)
t|Sif \rifh. u^efwifh
a-hrang mrang. kwyan tang.
master high slave comely
As the master’s position is exalted,
the servant’s conduct becomes decorous.
Of Natural Sound
End of Orthographic Sentence or Semantic
Second sentence consists of 31 ontological units.
No Word Space Normally in Burmese
But ‘Phrase’ space is not really optional
‘Phrase’ space following Particles