Chapter 13
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Chapter 13. Vital Concepts & Truths to Know in John 13. The betrayal was a pivotal moment in the suffering of Jesus! “Jesus knew that His hour had come that He should depart…” (John 13:1; cf. 12:23). John 12 began the last week of Jesus’ life. John 13 begins the last 24 hours.

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Chapter 13

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Chapter 13


Vital Concepts & Truths to Know in John 13

  • The betrayal was a pivotal moment in the suffering of Jesus!

    • “Jesus knew that His hour had come that He should depart…” (John 13:1; cf. 12:23).

      • John 12 began the last week of Jesus’ life. John 13 begins the last 24 hours.

    • The betrayal set into motion the final events.

      • “Now the Son of Man is glorified, and God is glorified in Him” (13:31).

      • The betrayal led into the death, resurrection, ascension & coronation of Christ.

    • It was necessary that it be done (John 13:18), but troublesome nonetheless (13:21).


Vital Concepts & Truths to Know in John 13

  • Satan works little by little and doesn’t give up!

    • “The devil having already put it into the heart of Judas…to betray Him” (John 13:2).

      • Judas was not always under the influence of Satan, but the seed was planted!

      • The plotting had already begun before the feast (Luke 22:3-6)!

      • Judas willingly allowed Satan into his heart because of his love for money!

    • “Now after the piece of bread, Satan entered him” (John 13:27).

      • Satan loves to inflame and spur on doubt, frustration, self-seeking, etc.

      • However, he cannot force one to violate his free will (cf. James 1:13-15).


Vital Concepts & Truths to Know in John 13

  • Satan works little by little and doesn’t give up!

    • The last four words of John 13:30 describe the condition of soul that Satan desires:

      • “And it was night.” Satan works best “at night” (cf. Ac. 26:18; Eph. 6:12; 1 Th. 5:5).

      • Judas was no longer walking in the light; he was now in great darkness (cf. 8:12).

    • But, even Satan’s best efforts cannot impede the will of God (John 13:20).


Vital Concepts & Truths to Know in John 13

  • God’s blessings are always conditional upon obedience (John 13:17; cf. Matt. 7:21).

  • Jesus knows you!

    • He knew what Judas was going to do when Judas thought he was hiding it (13:10-11).

      • Jesus knew Judas was not clean & that he was already betraying (10-11).

      • Jesus knew what Scripture said, too (John 13:18).

    • He knew what Peter was going to do before Peter knew it himself (John 13:38).

      • Jesus knew when Peter was going to do it – “before the rooster shall…crow…”

      • Jesus knew how many times he’d do it – “till you have denied Me three times.”


An Overview/Theme of John 13: “Love, Humility & Greatness”

  • Jesus loved His disciples deeply!

    • He “loved them to the end,” to the uttermost limits (John 13:1).

      • Jesus’ love is unparalleled in depth, breadth & length.

      • Jesus’ love is not affected by the failure or unworthiness of the recipients.

      • Jesus loved Judas (who would betray Him) and Peter (who would deny Him).

    • Unlike the Jews, He said the disciples would follow to heaven, just not now (33, 36).


An Overview/Theme of John 13: “Love, Humility & Greatness”

  • The disciples disputed often about greatness and who would be the greatest!

    • Near the middle of Jesus’ ministry (Matt. 18:1-4; Mark 9:33-37; Luke 9:46-48).

    • Near the end of Jesus’ ministry (Matt. 20:20-28; Mk. 10:35-45).

    • Even in the upper room (Luke 22:24-30).

      • This provides the background to the events of John 13.

      • The disciples faced grave dangers: pride, self-seeking & worldly ambition.

    • In John 13, Jesus addressed this problem head on, in precept and example.


An Overview/Theme of John 13: “Love, Humility & Greatness”

  • Jesus, through an expression of His love, demonstrated the path to greatness!

    • Jesus knew fully His divine nature, divine mission and divine power (John 13:3). No one greater!

      • This emphasizes all the more the condescension of His lowly act!

    • Jesus & disciples met in upper room for Passover (Mk 14:14-16)

      • No host to properly greet them & no disciple volunteered to perform host duties.

      • They were all “too great” to stoop to the level of a servant (cf. John 13:16).

    • Having “all things into His hands,” Jesus took a towel and basin (John 13:3-5).


An Overview/Theme of John 13: “Love, Humility & Greatness”

  • Jesus, through an expression of His love, demonstrated the path to greatness!

    • Jesus performed the most menial task imaginable – washing dirt & grime from feet!

      • Peter asked, “Lord, are YOU washing MY feet?” (John 13:6). The absurdity!

      • Peter asserted, “YOU shall never wash MY feet!” (John 13:8). Impetuous!

    • Jesus washed Judas’ feet and Peter’s feet! Stop and think about that!


An Overview/Theme of John 13: “Love, Humility & Greatness”

  • Jesus, through an expression of His love, demonstrated the path to greatness!

    • Jesus explained His object lesson!

      • Jesus, our Teacher and Lord, teaches by precept and example (13:13-14).

      • Jesus gave an example, a pattern to follow (John 13:13-15).

        • “If I then, your Lord and Teacher, have…you also ought to…” (John 13:14).

        • “You should do as I have done to you” (John 13:15).

      • If the sovereign Master humbly & lovingly did the most menial tasks (3),

        • And, if “a servant is not greater than his master…” (John 13:16),

        • And, since “you know these things…” (John 13:17),

        • Then, you can & will only be blessed “if you do them” humbly (John 13:17).

      • To be in Christ & His kingdom & enjoy His blessings, must be humble (8).

      • Genuine greatness comes only through humble service (cf. Luke 22:26)!


An Overview/Theme of John 13: “Love, Humility & Greatness”

  • Jesus loved Judas!

    • “He loved them (including Judas) to the end” (John 13:2).

    • Jesus “knew who would betray Him” and still washed his feet (John 13:10-11).

    • Jesus “was troubled in spirit” about His betrayer, but didn’t scorn or single out (21).


An Overview/Theme of John 13: “Love, Humility & Greatness”

  • Jesus commands us to “love one another,” which requires humility (John 13:34-35)!

    • Loving one’s neighbor was not a new concept or commandment (cf. Lev. 19:18).

    • Jesus’ command to “love one another” was “new” because:

      • It has a greater breadth, width and scope (cf. Matt. 5:44).

      • It has the purest of motivations (cf. 1 John 3:16).

      • It has the greatest basis from which to measure (John 13:34, “as I have loved”).

      • It has the farthest effect (John 13:35, “all will know”).

    • The genuineness, humility and sacrificial nature of Jesus’ love must be our measure!


An Overview/Theme of John 13: “Love, Humility & Greatness”

  • Jesus commands us to “love one another,” which requires humility (John 13:34-35)!

    • Agape love is the unconditional, unselfish love that seeks the best for others.

      • The clearest Biblical definition of agape love can be found in Phil. 2:3-5.

      • This passage emphasizes the necessity of humility to be like the Lord!

    • True Christian love is the true badge of discipleship (13:35).

      • Agape love is that which distinguishes the Christian from the world.

      • Agape love is the one quality that Satan cannot imitate or fabricate.

    • “Love” is in the present tense, indicating continuous action.

      • We must keep on having love for one another. If we don’t, not genuine disciples.


How Chapter 13 Helps to Fulfill the Overall Purpose of the Gospel of John

  • “I Am” Statement:

    • “I am…Teacher and Lord” (13:13-14).

    • “Believe that I am” (13:19).

  • Fulfillment of O.T. Prophecies:

    • He would be betrayed (John 13:18; cf. Psa. 41:9).

  • Prophecies Jesus Made Himself:

    • Judas would betray (13:19, 21, 26); Peter deny (13:38).


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