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Testing: Chapter 13. "You make it, I’ll break it". Purpose:. Does the product as a whole perform up to specifications? (validation?) Does it perform under normal, upper, and lower limits wrt the environment? Does it meet or exceed all claims (verification)?. Testing defined.

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testing chapter 13

Testing: Chapter 13

"You make it, I’ll break it"

  • Does the product as a whole perform up to specifications? (validation?)
  • Does it perform under normal, upper, and lower limits wrt the environment?
  • Does it meet or exceed all claims (verification)?
testing defined
Testing defined
  • establishing confidence that a device does what it is supposed to do
  • the process of operating a device with the intent of finding errors
  • detecting specification errors and deviations from the specification
testing continued
Testing continued…
  • verifying that a system satisfies its specified requirements or identifying differences between expected and actual results
  • the process of operating a device or component under specified conditions, observing or recording the results, and making an evaluation of some aspect of the system or component.
Testing …
  • Is a positive act of destruction.
  • Is needed for good product development
  • Is necessary for consumer satisfaction…
customer misuse
Customer Misuse:
  • Coffee spillage
  • Drop in toilet
  • Use as a seat
  • Cross-connecting
  • Reverse polarity
  • Dirty hands
  • Unplugging via jerk on cable
testing requires that you define failure
Testing requires that you define failure!
  • Intended application?
  • Anticipated environment?
  • Lifetime?
  • Value vs. time
  • Sunken ships make good coral reefs in time …
types of testing
Types of testing:
  • Event testing – cycling, time to failure
  • Environmental – operating & storage
  • Altitude
  • Threshold (door, elevator, bricks… )
  • Vibration
  • ISTA shipping test
  • EMI (standards!, see next slide: )
en 1000 series standards
EN 1000 series standards
  • Radiated electric field immunity
  • Fast transients
  • Surge, line, magnetic
  • Dips, variations, V, F variation
  • On/off, ESU
  • Walkie-talkie, cell phone
  • ESU, etc.
failure definition
Failure Definition

For each test and for each device, a failure must be defined. This definition depends on the intended application and the anticipated environment. What is considered a failure for one component or device may not be a failure for another. The test protocol should be as detailed as possible in defining the failure.


We want to test some power supplies to prove a MTBF goal of 50,000 hours of operation. How many units do we test and for how long, assuming one failure and 90% confidence level?

(sample size)(test time) = MTBF goal (7.779)/2

(sample size)(test time) = 50,000 (7.779)/2

= 194,475 unit-hours


Determining Sample Size and Test Length

MTBF goal = (sample size)(test time) (2)/Χ2 α;2r+2

Confidence level = 1 ‑ α, where α is the risk factor and r = the number of failures


Using the 90% confidence level, α = 0.10 & no failures (r=0)

(Sample size)(test time) = (MTBF goal)( Χ2 α;2 )/2

(sample size)(test time) = MTBF goal (4.61)/2

to prove a MTBF goal of 50,000 hours of operation:

(sample size)(test time) = 50,000 (4.61)/2 = 115,250 unit-hours

types of testing verification
Types of Testing: Verification

Procedures that attempt to determine that the product of each phase of the development process is an implementation of a previous phase, i.e., it satisfies it. Each verification activity is a phase of the testing life cycle…

types of testing validation
Types of Testing: Validation
  • Validation is the process of evaluating a system or component during or at the end of the development process to determine whether it satisfies specified requirements
types of testing black box
Types of Testing: Black Box

Black box testing is a data driven testing scheme. The tester views the device or program as a black box, i.e., the tester is not concerned about the internal behavior and structure. The tester is only interested in finding circumstances in which the device or program does not behave according to its specification

types of testing white box
Types of Testing: White Box

White box testing is concerned with the degree to which test cases exercise or cover the structure of the device or program. The ultimate while box test is an exhaustive path test.

types of testing software
Types of testing: Software
  • Module …
  • Integration …
  • System …
  • Acceptance …
types of testing fuctional
Types of testing:Fuctional

This type of testing verifies that given all the expected inputs then all of the expected outputs are produced. This type of testing is termed success oriented testing because the tests are expected to produce successful results.

types of testing continued
Types of testing - continued
  • Robustness Testing
  • Stress Testing
  • Safety testing
  • Regression Testing
types of testing continued22
Types of testing, continued
  • Life test/reliability
  • Customer misuse
  • Fluid spillage
  • Weight test
  • Keyed connections
  • Time related
  • Failure related (MTBF)