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### The Greeks

### The Greeks

### History continues…

### to 1500s

### Geology? -- THE GREAT DELUGE

### Hutton (and Nicholas Steno)

I am MonarchaScholarum, I am Paracelsus;One whisker on my cheek owns more intelligence than all of you!Come, let me fill you with stories of men-Not just of men - but of scientists! - ParacelsusHistory of Geology and the interpretation of strata

Lecture 21

Webpage for course (daytime)

Webpage for course (nighttime)

Lab final moved back 1 week

from 12/1 to 12/8

Lecture Test III moved from 12/7 to 12/2

(12/6 to 12/1 nighttime class)

For revised syllabus, see

http://www.umpi.maine.edu/~mccartnk/pg10fdrv.htm

Determined the Earth was round

Estimated its approximate size

Some advanced idea that Earth @ Sun

Built steam engines, accurate clocks

One (Archimedes) believed fossils to be remains of ancient animals

Aristotle (circa 350 BCE)

Romans (circa 100 BCE to 400 CE)

Dark Ages (circa up to 1000 CE)

Middle Ages (1200, 1300…)

RENAISSANCE

Double, double, toil and trouble

Fire, burn and cauldron bubble

Filet of a fenny snake

In a caudron boil and bake

Eye of newt, toe of frog

Wool of bat and tounge of dog…

For a charm of powerful trouble

Like a hellbroth boil and bubble

Principle of UNIFORMITARIANISM

- Principle of Original Horizontality
- Principle of Superposition
- Principle of Cross-cutting relationships

Principle of Superposition

Fig. 18-3, pg. 420

Principle of Cross-cutting relationships

Fig. 18-5, pg. 421

Wm. “Strata” Smith

Geologic map of England

Charles Lyell

“Principles of Geology”

Major discoveries since Lyell

Importance of glaciers (1840s)

Plate Tectonics (presented, 1915, accepted, 1960s)

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