john lukaszczyk
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Gibbons v. Ogden

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John Lukaszczyk. Gibbons v. Ogden. Who was involved?. Thomas Gibbons (Appellant) William Wirt and Daniel Webster were his attorneys Aaron Ogden (Respondent) Thomas Addis Emmet and Thomas J. Oakley were his attorneys John Marshall’s court heard the case

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who was involved
Who was involved?
  • Thomas Gibbons (Appellant)
    • William Wirt and Daniel Webster were his attorneys
  • Aaron Ogden (Respondent)
    • Thomas Addis Emmet and Thomas J. Oakley were his attorneys
  • John Marshall’s court heard the case
    • The other justices were Washington, Johnson, Todd, Duvall, Story, and Thompson
what happened
What happened?
  • Gibbons was running a ferry service in interstate waters
  • Ogden got New York state to mandate that Gibbons was not allowed to use NY waters
  • Gibbon’s sanction came from Congress, so he sued Ogden, as his sanction came from a higher power than NY
  • Ogden argued that, since navigation is not trade, and therefore not interstate trade, Congress could not regulate it, but NY could
the decision
The Decision…
  • Gibbons won
  • Due to the Supremacy Clause, Congress’ law overpowered and invalidated New York’s law
  • The Commerce Clause was expanded by Marshall to include “navigation” as part of “commerce”
what is the importance
What is the importance?
  • This was the first time that the Commerce Clause was used in a Supreme Court decision
  • This decision began the use of a broad interpretation of interstate commerce for the Supreme Court
  • This is an example of a time when the Supreme Court ruled in favor of federal over state government
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