Cots technologies for control diagnostics and measurements in big physics applications
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 37

COTS Technologies for Control, Diagnostics and Measurements in Big Physics Applications PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 64 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

COTS Technologies for Control, Diagnostics and Measurements in Big Physics Applications. Diversity of Applications . Computers. Automotive. Semiconductors. Electronics. Telecom. Advanced Research & Big Physics. Food Processing. ATE. Petrochemical. Textiles. Military/Aerospace.

Download Presentation

COTS Technologies for Control, Diagnostics and Measurements in Big Physics Applications

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Cots technologies for control diagnostics and measurements in big physics applications

COTS Technologies for Control, Diagnostics and Measurements in Big Physics Applications


Diversity of applications

Diversity of Applications

Computers

Automotive

Semiconductors

Electronics

Telecom

Advanced

Research &

Big Physics

Food

Processing

ATE

Petrochemical

Textiles

Military/Aerospace


Graphical system design a platform based approach

Graphical System DesignA Platform-Based Approach

Test

Monitor

Embedded

Control

Cyber Physical

Desktops and PC-Based DAQ

PXI and Modular Instruments

RIO and Custom Designs

Open Connectivity with 3rd Party I/O


Big physics at ni

Big Physics at NI

CONTROL

SYSTEM

PHYSICS

EXPERIMENTS

FACILITIES

Control, Measurement & Diagnostic Systems

  • LANSCE, SNS, SLAC, NDCX-II, FAIR, CNAO

  • LHC

  • Borexino

PARTICLE

PHYSICS

ACCELERATOR

COLLIDER

DETECTOR

FUNDAMENTAL PHYSICS

CANCER THERAPY

  • Max Planck, JET, DIII-D, KSTAR, ITER

  • Czech IPP

  • NIF, LMJ, Z Pinch

PLASMA

PHYSICS

TOKAMAK

STELLARATOR

INERTIAL FUSION

FUSION ENERGY

NUCLEAR WEAPONS

MATERIAL STUDY

BIOMEDICAL

SEMICON

COMMUNICATIONS

  • BNL, SOLEIL, ALBA, Diamond, Spring8

  • PHELIX, UT

LIGHT SOURCES

SYNCHROTRONLASER

  • SALT, E-ELT, TMT, GMT, SKA, NSO

SPECTROSCOPY

CAMERA

MIRROR CONTROL

ADAPTIVE OPTICS

TELESCOPES


Cots technologies for control diagnostics and measurements in big physics applications

CERN: LHC

  • Collimators Control System

  • > 120 PXI Systems over 27 km

  • FPGA Based Motion Control Algorithms

  • <1 ms synchronization


Cern collimator alignment

CERN Collimator Alignment

  • 550+ axes of motion

  • Across 27 km distance

  • The jaws have to be positioned with an accuracy which is a fraction of the beam size (200μm)

  • Synchronized to

    • < 5ms drift over 15 minutes

    • Maximum jitter in μs


Cern lhc collimator project

CERN – LHC Collimator Project

  • 120 PXI systems running LabVIEW Real-Time

  • Communication

    • PXI systems are connected through Ethernet

    • Linux (Corba) host via a protocol called DIM (future FESA)

  • Synchronization

    • Control systems are distributed over the 27 km tunnel

    • Synchronization using PXI 10 MHz backplane clock

  • Embedded / FPGA

    • Closed loop motor control systems with redundant feedback

    • Softmotion algorithms running in a synchronized FPGA


Cern custom high availability chassis

CERN Custom High Availability Chassis

  • Redesigned to mechanically fit into a custom rack

  • Independently powered, redundant hot swap power supplies and fans

  • Remote Monitoring : Chassis Temperature, Fan Status, Power Supplies


Ni pxie 1086 high availability chassis

NI PXIe-1086 High Availability Chassis

  • Features

    • PCI Express Gen 2 x8 link to every peripheral slot

    • 16 hybrid slots

    • 2 link / switch architecture (8 to 9 slots behind each switch)

    • Wider air cooling channel

    • Hot swappable, individually replaceable fans and power supplies

NI PXIe-1086

  • Availability

    • Target Ship Date: Oct 2013


Cots technologies for control diagnostics and measurements in big physics applications

MASHA - JINR

(MassAnalyzerofSuperHeavyAtoms)

  • PXI-based measurement and control system

  • LabVIEW-based software

  • Migration to PXI from KAMAK


Cots technologies for control diagnostics and measurements in big physics applications

Borexino Neutrino Detectors:

Marco Pallavicini Università di Genova & INFN


Cots technologies for control diagnostics and measurements in big physics applications

Austin (TX), August 3rd, 2009 M. Pallavicini - Università di Genova & INFN

Abruzzo, Italy

120 Km from Rome

External Labs

Laboratori

Nazionali del

Gran Sasso

Assergi (AQ)

Italy

~3500 m.w.e

Borexino Detector and Plants


Cots technologies for control diagnostics and measurements in big physics applications

Current system

Custom trigger board

Austin (TX), August 3rd, 2009

Laben board (TDC & ADC)

M Pallavicini Università di Genova & INFN

.


Cots technologies for control diagnostics and measurements in big physics applications

Numbers in short

Channels: ~ 2000

Typical signal in one channel:

15 mV before FE, 10 ns base width, AC coupled, ~ 1kHz rate

Typical trigger in the detector: a set of PMTs (minimum ~ 20

max ALL) fire within a few 100s of ns. Typical triggering rate

10-50 Hz

Muons every 30 s --> huge signals, but relatively rarely

Data flow without zero suppression: 1 Gs/s x 2000 =

2. 1012 byte/s --> very hard

Data flow after zero suppression: 1 kHz x 2000 x 100

samples = 200 Mb/s to be processed. Not trivial but feasable

Typical data flow after group trigger: ~ 100 sample x 100

hits x 100 Hz ~ 1 Mb/s ... peanuts


New oscilloscope pxie 5162

NEW oscilloscope PXIe-5162

  • Bandwidth: up to1,5 GHz

  • Sampling rate: up to5 GHz

  • Up to 4 channels/module

  • Resolution: 10 bit

  • Memory: up to1 GB

  • Input voltage range: up to50 V

  • Input impedance: 50 Ohm (SMA)

68 channels – 1,25 GHz


Tokomaks

Tokomaks


Cots technologies for control diagnostics and measurements in big physics applications

ITER

  • > 4500 Measurement Channels

  • PXI Based Fast Controllers

  • CompactRIO for Interlock System


Iter ni long term collaboration

ITER-NI: Long Term Collaboration

2007

  • Investigated bidding for a CODAC Tender

  • Expression of interest with Jo Lister

  • Consultation with CODAC Engineers

  • Technology / product gap analysis

  • Proof of concept (PoC) for Fast controllers, T&S

  • Addressed technology gaps (R&D)

  • Built WW teams with ITER focus

  • Supported WW DAs and established relationship

  • Open source RHEL drivers & EPICS support on NI devices

  • Environmental testing

  • Global support and services agreements initiated

  • Strategic agreement moving forward

  • RASM discussion with NI R&D

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013


Customizing cots drivers for linux epics

Customizing COTS Drivers for Linux / EPICS

  • Fully compatible with CODAC Software Suite (CCS) requirements

    • Red Hat Enterprise Linux and Real-Time Kernel (MRG)

  • Open source and documentation

  • Current drivers available for timing, fast controllers, data acquisition and FPGA devices


Linux source code developed by customer

Linux Source Code Developed by Customer

  • Register-level programming for Data Acquisition

  • Generic interface for OSs such as Windows CE, Linux, Mac OS X , QNX, etc…

  • Most DAQ devices (X*, M, E, S, AO, DIO, CNTR)

  • Driver developed entirely by the customer

  • Source code only, very small footprint

  • For ITER many drivers developed for Red Hat and MRG Real Time Extensions:

    • PXI 6259, PXIe 6368, PXI 668X, PXI 6528


Ni real time hypervisor for linux

NI Real-Time Hypervisor for Linux

Windows PC

Hypervisor System*

*MustprogramLabVIEW Real-Time application from Windows

Supported RT I/O

Supported Linux I/O


Epics software architecture

Distributed Clients (OPI – Operator Interface) and Servers (IOC – I/O Controllers)

Network protocol: Channel Access (CA) with Process Variables (PVs)

EPICS Software Architecture

OPI

(Operator

Interface)

OPI

(Operator

Interface)

CA (Channel Access)

IOC

(I/O Controller)

IOC

(I/O Controller)

IOC

(I/O Controller)

IOC

(I/O Controller)

I/O HW

I/O HW

I/O HW

I/O HW

Analog I/O, Digital I/O, Motion Control, Image Acquisition, etc.


Example los alamos lansce

Example – Los Alamos LANSCE

  • Migration to a cRIO with embedded EPICS

    • 12 binary outputs

    • 36 binary inputs

    • 12 analog inputs

    • 5 stepper motor channels

  • Full IOC functionality allows access to all record fields and EPICS utilities

  • Maximum flexibility for partitioning the problem

    • LabVIEW for beam diagnostic

    • EPICS for industrial control


Epics connectivity with ni hw sw

EPICS connectivity with NI HW&SW

  • 1

  • 2a

  • 2b

  • 3

LabVIEW

I/O Server

EPICS CA

Client or Server

LabVIEW RT

on cRIO

Shared Memory

EPICS IOC

on VxWorks

LabVIEW RT

on PXI

Hypervisor

Shared Memory

EPICS IOC

on Linux

PXI

(No LabVIEW)

Linux Driver

Device Support

EPICS IOC

on Linux


Gamma radiation testing at enea casaccia

Gamma Radiation Testing at ENEA Casaccia


Radiation testing for ni platforms

Radiation Testing for NI Platforms


Fast and thermal neutron testing

Fast and Thermal Neutron Testing

Frascati Neutron Generator, ENEA, Italy (Fast)

TRIGA Reactor, JSI, Slovenia (Thermal)


Failure rate vs neutron flux

Failure Rate vs Neutron Flux


High magnetic field testing at desy

High Magnetic Field Testing at DESY


Magnetic test results initial

Magnetic Test Results (INITIAL)

  • PXI

    • Fans failed at 12 – 13 Amps – MUCH sooner than expected

    • Fans failed permanently – had not seen before

    • 2 dead fans halted testing of PXIe-1075

  • cRIO

    • Worked with 0 errors up to 45 mT

    • AI (9205) failed permanently at 45 mT

    • Communication fails at 55 mT

    • FPGA, AO, DIO work up to at least 100 mT


Custom connectivity and routing for iter

Custom Connectivity and Routing for ITER

  • Cubicle from SAREL

  • Work on 3D Models of Cabinet Layout and cable routing

  • 3D Models to be used for creating snapshots for catalog

  • Assembly at NI Hungary with available hardware to validate design

  • Thermal analysis for each individual configuration


Iter pcdh fast controllers

ITER PCDH - Fast Controllers

http://www.iter.org/doc/www/edit/Lists/WebsiteText/Attachments/94/SD14_v1_3.pdf


Ni cots platforms customized for iter

NI COTS Platforms CUSTOMIZED for ITER

DAQ

(Diagnostics

Data Acquisition)

I & C

(Fast Control

Interlock)

Industrial PC

cRIO

PXIe

X Series DAQ

M Series DAQ

C Series Modules

NI FlexRIO


Cots technologies for control diagnostics and measurements in big physics applications

Tokamak T-15

  • 20+ diagnostics and control system (2000+ channels)

  • LabVIEW for software development

  • PXI-based data acquisition and control systems

  • CompactRIO for interlock

  • Launch - 2016


Cots technologies for control diagnostics and measurements in big physics applications

PIAF - PIK

  • Scientific Reactor Monitoring System

  • > 900 Analog Input Channels

  • > 6800 Digital Input Channels

  • cFP-based monitoring system (stage 1)

  • Migration to cRIO in 2014-2018


Summary

Summary

  • National Instruments works with major scientific labs all over the world and is ready for cooperation;

  • National Instruments products have been used for variety of control and instrumentations in accelerators, fusion machines, synchrotrons, lasers and telescopes;

  • National Instruments not only provides measurement equipment and software but also forms international teams working on big physics projects;

  • National Instruments is committed to making adaptations such as Linux, EPICS, High Availability and Radiation Testing.


  • Login