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COTS Technologies for Control, Diagnostics and Measurements in Big Physics Applications. Diversity of Applications . Computers. Automotive. Semiconductors. Electronics. Telecom. Advanced Research & Big Physics. Food Processing. ATE. Petrochemical. Textiles. Military/Aerospace.

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diversity of applications
Diversity of Applications

Computers

Automotive

Semiconductors

Electronics

Telecom

Advanced

Research &

Big Physics

Food

Processing

ATE

Petrochemical

Textiles

Military/Aerospace

graphical system design a platform based approach
Graphical System DesignA Platform-Based Approach

Test

Monitor

Embedded

Control

Cyber Physical

Desktops and PC-Based DAQ

PXI and Modular Instruments

RIO and Custom Designs

Open Connectivity with 3rd Party I/O

big physics at ni
Big Physics at NI

CONTROL

SYSTEM

PHYSICS

EXPERIMENTS

FACILITIES

Control, Measurement & Diagnostic Systems

  • LANSCE, SNS, SLAC, NDCX-II, FAIR, CNAO
  • LHC
  • Borexino

PARTICLE

PHYSICS

ACCELERATOR

COLLIDER

DETECTOR

FUNDAMENTAL PHYSICS

CANCER THERAPY

  • Max Planck, JET, DIII-D, KSTAR, ITER
  • Czech IPP
  • NIF, LMJ, Z Pinch

PLASMA

PHYSICS

TOKAMAK

STELLARATOR

INERTIAL FUSION

FUSION ENERGY

NUCLEAR WEAPONS

MATERIAL STUDY

BIOMEDICAL

SEMICON

COMMUNICATIONS

  • BNL, SOLEIL, ALBA, Diamond, Spring8
  • PHELIX, UT

LIGHT SOURCES

SYNCHROTRONLASER

  • SALT, E-ELT, TMT, GMT, SKA, NSO

SPECTROSCOPY

CAMERA

MIRROR CONTROL

ADAPTIVE OPTICS

TELESCOPES

slide6

CERN: LHC

  • Collimators Control System
  • > 120 PXI Systems over 27 km
  • FPGA Based Motion Control Algorithms
  • <1 ms synchronization
cern collimator alignment
CERN Collimator Alignment
  • 550+ axes of motion
  • Across 27 km distance
  • The jaws have to be positioned with an accuracy which is a fraction of the beam size (200μm)
  • Synchronized to
    • < 5ms drift over 15 minutes
    • Maximum jitter in μs
cern lhc collimator project
CERN – LHC Collimator Project
  • 120 PXI systems running LabVIEW Real-Time
  • Communication
    • PXI systems are connected through Ethernet
    • Linux (Corba) host via a protocol called DIM (future FESA)
  • Synchronization
    • Control systems are distributed over the 27 km tunnel
    • Synchronization using PXI 10 MHz backplane clock
  • Embedded / FPGA
    • Closed loop motor control systems with redundant feedback
    • Softmotion algorithms running in a synchronized FPGA
cern custom high availability chassis
CERN Custom High Availability Chassis
  • Redesigned to mechanically fit into a custom rack
  • Independently powered, redundant hot swap power supplies and fans
  • Remote Monitoring : Chassis Temperature, Fan Status, Power Supplies
ni pxie 1086 high availability chassis
NI PXIe-1086 High Availability Chassis
  • Features
    • PCI Express Gen 2 x8 link to every peripheral slot
    • 16 hybrid slots
    • 2 link / switch architecture (8 to 9 slots behind each switch)
    • Wider air cooling channel
    • Hot swappable, individually replaceable fans and power supplies

NI PXIe-1086

  • Availability
    • Target Ship Date: Oct 2013
slide11

MASHA - JINR

(MassAnalyzerofSuperHeavyAtoms)

  • PXI-based measurement and control system
  • LabVIEW-based software
  • Migration to PXI from KAMAK
slide12
Borexino Neutrino Detectors:

Marco Pallavicini Università di Genova & INFN

slide13
Austin (TX), August 3rd, 2009 M. Pallavicini - Università di Genova & INFN

Abruzzo, Italy

120 Km from Rome

External Labs

Laboratori

Nazionali del

Gran Sasso

Assergi (AQ)

Italy

~3500 m.w.e

Borexino Detector and Plants

slide14
Current system

Custom trigger board

Austin (TX), August 3rd, 2009

Laben board (TDC & ADC)

M Pallavicini Università di Genova & INFN

.

slide15
Numbers in short

Channels: ~ 2000

Typical signal in one channel:

15 mV before FE, 10 ns base width, AC coupled, ~ 1kHz rate

Typical trigger in the detector: a set of PMTs (minimum ~ 20

max ALL) fire within a few 100s of ns. Typical triggering rate

10-50 Hz

Muons every 30 s --> huge signals, but relatively rarely

Data flow without zero suppression: 1 Gs/s x 2000 =

2. 1012 byte/s --> very hard

Data flow after zero suppression: 1 kHz x 2000 x 100

samples = 200 Mb/s to be processed. Not trivial but feasable

Typical data flow after group trigger: ~ 100 sample x 100

hits x 100 Hz ~ 1 Mb/s ... peanuts

new oscilloscope pxie 5162
NEW oscilloscope PXIe-5162
  • Bandwidth: up to1,5 GHz
  • Sampling rate: up to5 GHz
  • Up to 4 channels/module
  • Resolution: 10 bit
  • Memory: up to1 GB
  • Input voltage range: up to50 V
  • Input impedance: 50 Ohm (SMA)

68 channels – 1,25 GHz

slide18

ITER

  • > 4500 Measurement Channels
  • PXI Based Fast Controllers
  • CompactRIO for Interlock System
iter ni long term collaboration
ITER-NI: Long Term Collaboration

2007

  • Investigated bidding for a CODAC Tender
  • Expression of interest with Jo Lister
  • Consultation with CODAC Engineers
  • Technology / product gap analysis
  • Proof of concept (PoC) for Fast controllers, T&S
  • Addressed technology gaps (R&D)
  • Built WW teams with ITER focus
  • Supported WW DAs and established relationship
  • Open source RHEL drivers & EPICS support on NI devices
  • Environmental testing
  • Global support and services agreements initiated
  • Strategic agreement moving forward
  • RASM discussion with NI R&D

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

customizing cots drivers for linux epics
Customizing COTS Drivers for Linux / EPICS
  • Fully compatible with CODAC Software Suite (CCS) requirements
    • Red Hat Enterprise Linux and Real-Time Kernel (MRG)
  • Open source and documentation
  • Current drivers available for timing, fast controllers, data acquisition and FPGA devices
linux source code developed by customer
Linux Source Code Developed by Customer
  • Register-level programming for Data Acquisition
  • Generic interface for OSs such as Windows CE, Linux, Mac OS X , QNX, etc…
  • Most DAQ devices (X*, M, E, S, AO, DIO, CNTR)
  • Driver developed entirely by the customer
  • Source code only, very small footprint
  • For ITER many drivers developed for Red Hat and MRG Real Time Extensions:
    • PXI 6259, PXIe 6368, PXI 668X, PXI 6528
ni real time hypervisor for linux
NI Real-Time Hypervisor for Linux

Windows PC

Hypervisor System*

*MustprogramLabVIEW Real-Time application from Windows

Supported RT I/O

Supported Linux I/O

epics software architecture

Distributed Clients (OPI – Operator Interface) and Servers (IOC – I/O Controllers)

Network protocol: Channel Access (CA) with Process Variables (PVs)

EPICS Software Architecture

OPI

(Operator

Interface)

OPI

(Operator

Interface)

CA (Channel Access)

IOC

(I/O Controller)

IOC

(I/O Controller)

IOC

(I/O Controller)

IOC

(I/O Controller)

I/O HW

I/O HW

I/O HW

I/O HW

Analog I/O, Digital I/O, Motion Control, Image Acquisition, etc.

example los alamos lansce
Example – Los Alamos LANSCE
  • Migration to a cRIO with embedded EPICS
    • 12 binary outputs
    • 36 binary inputs
    • 12 analog inputs
    • 5 stepper motor channels
  • Full IOC functionality allows access to all record fields and EPICS utilities
  • Maximum flexibility for partitioning the problem
    • LabVIEW for beam diagnostic
    • EPICS for industrial control
epics connectivity with ni hw sw
EPICS connectivity with NI HW&SW
  • 1
  • 2a
  • 2b
  • 3

LabVIEW

I/O Server

EPICS CA

Client or Server

LabVIEW RT

on cRIO

Shared Memory

EPICS IOC

on VxWorks

LabVIEW RT

on PXI

Hypervisor

Shared Memory

EPICS IOC

on Linux

PXI

(No LabVIEW)

Linux Driver

Device Support

EPICS IOC

on Linux

fast and thermal neutron testing
Fast and Thermal Neutron Testing

Frascati Neutron Generator, ENEA, Italy (Fast)

TRIGA Reactor, JSI, Slovenia (Thermal)

magnetic test results initial
Magnetic Test Results (INITIAL)
  • PXI
    • Fans failed at 12 – 13 Amps – MUCH sooner than expected
    • Fans failed permanently – had not seen before
    • 2 dead fans halted testing of PXIe-1075
  • cRIO
    • Worked with 0 errors up to 45 mT
    • AI (9205) failed permanently at 45 mT
    • Communication fails at 55 mT
    • FPGA, AO, DIO work up to at least 100 mT
custom connectivity and routing for iter
Custom Connectivity and Routing for ITER
  • Cubicle from SAREL
  • Work on 3D Models of Cabinet Layout and cable routing
  • 3D Models to be used for creating snapshots for catalog
  • Assembly at NI Hungary with available hardware to validate design
  • Thermal analysis for each individual configuration
iter pcdh fast controllers
ITER PCDH - Fast Controllers

http://www.iter.org/doc/www/edit/Lists/WebsiteText/Attachments/94/SD14_v1_3.pdf

ni cots platforms customized for iter
NI COTS Platforms CUSTOMIZED for ITER

DAQ

(Diagnostics

Data Acquisition)

I & C

(Fast Control

Interlock)

Industrial PC

cRIO

PXIe

X Series DAQ

M Series DAQ

C Series Modules

NI FlexRIO

slide35

Tokamak T-15

  • 20+ diagnostics and control system (2000+ channels)
  • LabVIEW for software development
  • PXI-based data acquisition and control systems
  • CompactRIO for interlock
  • Launch - 2016
slide36

PIAF - PIK

  • Scientific Reactor Monitoring System
  • > 900 Analog Input Channels
  • > 6800 Digital Input Channels
  • cFP-based monitoring system (stage 1)
  • Migration to cRIO in 2014-2018
summary
Summary
  • National Instruments works with major scientific labs all over the world and is ready for cooperation;
  • National Instruments products have been used for variety of control and instrumentations in accelerators, fusion machines, synchrotrons, lasers and telescopes;
  • National Instruments not only provides measurement equipment and software but also forms international teams working on big physics projects;
  • National Instruments is committed to making adaptations such as Linux, EPICS, High Availability and Radiation Testing.
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