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American Government. The Balance of Freedom and Order. FREEDOM. ORDER. The Declaration Of Independence. The Constitution. ORDER. JEFFERSONIAN. MADISONIAN. 1791. WHAT IS THE MAIN PURPOSE OF GOVERNMENT?. To maintain the balance of freedom and order!. CORE PRINCIPLES.

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american government

American Government

The Balance

of

Freedom and Order

slide2

FREEDOM

ORDER

The Declaration

Of

Independence

The

Constitution

ORDER

JEFFERSONIAN

MADISONIAN

1791

what is the main purpose of government
WHAT IS THE MAIN PURPOSE OF GOVERNMENT?

To maintain the balance

of freedom and order!

slide5
CIVIC VIRTUE

A person looks out for the commongood

slide6

The people are the

highest authority;

“We the people, ….”

POPULAR SOVEREIGNITY

slide7
REPRESENTATIVE

DEMOCRACY

REPUBLIC

We elect leaders to

speak on our behalf

slide8
PLURALISM

Diversity

People are allowed and

encouraged to be different

We ARE a nation

of Immigrants!

slide9
NATURAL RIGHTS

Inalienable Rights

Rights for all humans at birth

1948 UN passed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which officially extended natural rights to all

John Locke(1600s):

Life, Liberty, and Property

you are born with these

rights

slide10

The government will protect

the rights of the people

and the people will obey the

government’s laws.

Contract/Agreement

that must be

JUSTANDMUTUAL

SOCIAL CONTRACT

slide12

Declaration of Independence

Written by Thomas Jefferson on July 3, 1776

The USA formally expressed their status as a free and independent state, no longer colonies of Great Britain

slide13
Articles of Confederation

Original explanation of the government and lawbefore the Constitutionwas adopted

Supreme law from

1781-1789

slide14
CONSTITUTION:

Fundamental law and structure of the US government. Framed 1787, ratified 1789 amended variously since.

***Treason only crime dealt with in original!

slide15
BILL OF RIGHTS

First 10 amendments to the Constitution, added in 1791 to protect certain essential rights to citizens.

slide16
FEDERALIST PAPERS

Series of essays written by supporters of ratification of the Constitution to convince others of its worth.

6 goals of constitution
6 Goals of Constitution

To form a more perfect union

Establish justice

Ensure domestic tranquility

slide18
Provide for the common defense

Promote the general welfare

Secure the blessings of liberty

3 branches of
3 Branches of

WHY DID THE FOUNDING FATHERS

SEPARATE THE POWERS OF GOVERNMENT?

legislative branch of government
Legislative Branch of Government
  • BICAMERAL
  • SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
state representatives
State Representatives…
  • Serve 2 year terms
  • Qualifications???
          • a. at least 25 years old
          • b. a US citizen for 7 years
          • c. reside in state elected from
  • 435 members
  • Representation based on state population

http://www.legis.state.pa.us/WU01/VC/visitor_info/our_house/who.htm

slide22

State Senate

  • serve 6 year terms
  • Qualifications???:
          • a. at least 30 years old
          • b. US citizen for 9 yrs
          • c. must live in state elected from
  • 50 members

Can you name the 2

PA State Senators?

Pat Toomey and Robert Casey

  • Vice President
how does a bill become a law
How does a bill become a law?

Let’s watch this short and find out!

http://www.teachertube.com/view_video.php?viewkey=4bd0cf05c37c246f215f

So, let’s talk about the process of a

bill becoming law…

congressional powers
CONGRESSIONAL POWERS

Makes Laws

Establish budget

Declare war

Impeach

Approve presidential appointments

Ratify Treaties

executive branch of government
Executive Branch of Government
  • Electoral College (NOT Popular Vote)
  • Qualifications???
          • a. 35 years old
          • b. Natural born citizen
          • c. live in the US for 14 consecutive years
slide26

Who assists the president in the

decision making process?

  • The Cabinet
  • Can you name

any members of

The current

Cabinet???

slide27
The Vice President

Joe Biden

Department ofHomeland SecuritySecretary Jeh Johnson

power responsibilities of the president
Power & Responsibilities of the President
  • Chief Executive--enforce laws
  • Commander in Chief of Military
  • Controls US Foreign Policy
  • Indirect legislative powers
      • (suggestions…influence)
  • Indirect Judicial Powers
      • (Appoints Justices)
  • Chief of State
slide29
What qualifications do

YOU think a future president should have?

judicial branch of government
Judicial Branch of Government

INNOCENT UNTIL PROVENGUILTY!

slide31
9 members of the Supreme Court
  • Currently Appointed Judges:
    • CHIEF JUSTICE -- John Roberts
    • Clarence Thomas
    • Antonin Scalia
    • Anthony M. Kennedy
    • Ruth Bader Ginsburg
    • Sonia Sotomayor
    • Stephen Breyer
    • Samuel Alito Jr
    • Elena Kagan
slide32
Establish Uniformity in the law
        • (Between States)
      • Address a relevant issue (Constitutionality of laws and their implementation)
  • Judicial Review:
    • 1803 Allows the Supreme Court to declare laws or executive actions unconstitutional or illegal
slide33
Habeas Corpus:
      • “Bring the body”
      • oneCAN NOTbe held in jailWITHOUTa BODY ofEVIDENCEpresented against them
  • Do you know of any famous Supreme Court decisions?
slide34
Serve life terms
        • to remove them from campaigning
          • (Constitution over popularity)
  • When does a president assume more control of the government and the system of checks and balances becomes suspended?
        • War or State of Disaster
civil liberties rights
CIVIL LIBERTIES/RIGHTS

Rights or privileges guaranteed to United States Citizens under the Constitution

1 st amendment freedom of
1st Amendment - Freedom of…

SPEECH

Includes expression and lifestyle

RELIGION

Protects minority religions

PRESS

An informed public is better able to make decisions

slide37

2nd Amendment

The Right to Bear Arms

Private citizens can own guns

slide38

4th Amendment

  • Protects against
      • unjust arrest
      • illegal searches or seizures
      • excessive bail
  • Police need a warrant unless there is a probable cause

*** Different rules in SCHOOL!!!

slide39

5th and 6th Amendments

Establish Due Process

  • Due Process
      • “Innocent until proven guilty”
  • Protects the rights of the ACCUSED
        • No Self-Incrimination
        • Right to an Attorney
        • Right to a speedy, public trial
slide40

8th Amendment

What is cruel or unusual punishment???

  • Protects against excessive use of power
    • No Cruel or Unusual punishment
      • No torture!
civic responsibilities
CIVIC RESPONSIBILITIES
  • TAXES:
    • LOCAL property taxes
          • Police, sewage, community events, etc.
          • 85% funds education
    • STATE- communication/transportation systems,

state parks/reserves/police, recreation,higher education (state schools), prison system

    • FEDERAL-Defense: FBI, CIA, Armed Forces
          • Welfare, salaries of gov’t employees, national parks
slide42
POLITICAL PARTICIPATION & VOTING
      • Apathy is the enemy of democracy
          • Why do people choose not to vote?
slide43
ABIDE BY LAWS:
    • What laws do we break?
    • What laws do we view as flexible?
  • MILITARY SERVICE:

Draft

OR

Volunteer

OR

Conscientious Objector

slide44
Volunteer:
    • Freedom from heavy government
        • civic virtue=participation and support
        • Virtuous Institutions
          • Religious Institutions
          • Volunteer firemen
          • Red Cross
activism
ACTIVISM
  • METHODS:
    • Speeches
    • Editorial letters
    • Songs
    • Demonstrations
      • Marches and Boycotts
      • Terrorist attack
      • Revolution
      • Mutiny
      • Riot
      • Strike/Work Struggle
slide46
Famous American Activists:
    • Martin Luther King, Jr.
    • Eleanor Roosevelt
    • Woody Guthrie
    • Harriet Tubman
    • Upton Sinclair
    • Dorothea Lange
    • Thomas Nast
    • John Muir
    • Cesar Chavez
    • Mary “Mother” Jones
    • John Scopes
    • Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony
slide47
ACTIVIST ORGANIZATIONS
    • KKK
    • ADL
    • Nat’l Org. of Women
    • Sierra Club
    • Black Panther Party
    • SNCC
    • PETA
    • ACLU
    • NAACP
    • Amnesty International
    • Christian Coalition
bill of rights
Bill of Rights
  • 2nd Amendment: The Right to Bear Arms
    • Citizens may own guns
  • 3rd Amendment: Prohibits quartering troops
    • Gov’t may not require citizens to house US troops
  • 7th Amendment: Juries for civil trials
    • Trials between private parties include juries
  • 9th Amendment: Unenumerated Rights
    • People have rights that are not expressly listed
  • 10th Amendment: Reserved Powers
    • Powers not delegated to Federal gov’t are reserved to the states
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