Cardiovascular circulatory systems
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Cardiovascular & Circulatory Systems. Cardiovascular & Circulatory System. Function:. The Body’s Transport System. 1. Heart. 2. Blood Vessels. 3. Blood. Structures - Heart. 1. Shape - Strawberry. 2. Size - Fist. Weight - 1 pound. 3. 4. Location – Center of chest. THE HEART.

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Cardiovascular & Circulatory Systems

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Cardiovascular & CirculatorySystems


Cardiovascular & Circulatory System

Function:

The Body’s Transport System

1.

Heart

2.

Blood Vessels

3.

Blood


Structures - Heart

1.

Shape - Strawberry

2.

Size - Fist

Weight - 1 pound

3.

4.

Location – Center of chest


THE HEART


Heart - Structures

1.

Septum – Divides the Heart into Right and Left

2.

Chambers -

-

Atrium – Top (smaller)

-

Ventricle – Bottom (bigger)

3.

Valves – Keep blood flowing in one direction

Note:

It Is A Hollow Organ


Heart Animation

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H04d3rJCLCE

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rBQOLiFto6Q


1.

Arteries –

(RED) Carries Blood Away from the Heart

Blood Vessels

2.

Veins –

(BLUE) Carry Blood Back to the Heart

3.

Capillaries –

Where exchange of nutrients takes place (O2, Waste, Etc…)


  • Blood Vessels

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CjNKbL_-cwA

  • Circulation- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PgI80Ue-AMo&feature=related

  • Capillaries- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q530H1WxtOw


Blood Pressure

Definition:

The Force of the Blood against the Walls of the Arteries

Systole:

Top Number of Blood Pressure (ventricles contracting)

Diastole:

Bottom Number of Blood Pressure(ventricles filled w/ blood)


Blood - Function

1.

Carries food and oxygen to all cells

2.

Rids the body of Waste


Blood -Components

1.

Red Blood Cells

-

Erythrocytes

2.

White Blood Cells

-

Leukocytes

3.

Platelets

-

Thrombocytes

4.

Plasma


Red Blood Cells

1.

Made in the Marrow of Bones

2.

Carry Oxygen

3.

Hemoglobin

- The Protein that attracts O2 to the RBC

- Prone to Defect/illnesses


Blood Components

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R-sKZWqsUpw

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CRh_dAzXuoU


White Blood Cells

1.

Made in the Marrow of Bones

2.

Defend the Body against Disease


Plasma

1.

The Liquid part of Blood (55% of blood)

2.

Mostly Water


Blood Components


Platelets

1.

Aid in Blood Clotting

2.

How Does Blood Clot?

-

Cut occurs. Platelets Activated.

-

Platelets RUSH to the wound

-

Fibrin is released (Spider Web)

-

Web is formed over Wound

Trapped Cells Harden and form a Scab

-


PLATELETS = SPIDERMAN


Cut occurs…. Platelets Actived!

PLATELETS- STEP 1


Platelets RUSH to the wound!

PLATELETS – STEP 2


Fibrin is released (Spidey Web)

PLATELETS- STEP 3


Web is formed over Wound.

PLATELETS – STEP 4


-Trapped Cells Harden and form a Scab

PLATELETS – STEP 5

SPIDEY SAVES THE DAY 


Platelets

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=--bZUeb83uU&feature=related

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vEmsaXA-go0

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JvOH5skxqoA

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M_YpLaWdBpk


Blood Types

A, B, AB, O

Donor:

Person who gives Blood

Recipient:

Person who receives Blood

Clumping:

Occurs when the blood types do not mix


Blood Types

A, B, AB, O

Recipient

D

o

n

o

r

*O = Universal Donor *AB =Universal Recipient


BLOOD TYPES

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MZ6_hSvjV_E


Really hard Logic/Blood Type Puzzle?

Use the following information to predict each person's blood type.

Bill can give blood to joe mike and sue

Don can give blood to bob but not bill

Bob can give blood to Mike but not Joe

Tom can give blood to kelly, Sue, Don, and mike

Kelly can give blood to sue and bob but not to tom

sue cannot give blood to kelly

joe can give blood to mike but not bob or sue

mike can GET blood from sue and bill

Joe does not have an A antigen

Bill________

Bob_______

Don_______

Joe_______

Kelly______

Mike_______

Sue_______

Tom_______

Answer in terms of blood type (A, B, AB, or O)

By the way, this may help:

a can be given to a or ab

b can be given to b or ab

ab can be given to ab

o can be given to anyone

http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080526202704AAo5bWa

BLOOD TYPE CHALLENGE


Heart Attack

http://www.heartinfo.org/ms/animations/13/main.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DGxS44-rcps&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0bLQjMaLilM&feature=related


WARM-UP

  • 2/11/11

  • Tell me as much as you can about one (or more) problems or diseases that affect the heart or blood?


PROBLEMS

1. Congenital Heart Disease:A number of heart defects that you are born with.


Problems

2.

Heart Murmur:

Valves do not close completely http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3NapobA3QbI&feature=PlayList&p=157240A8B6B0EC19&index=0&playnext=1


HEART VALVES


PROBLEMS

  • 3. VERICOSE VEINS - Swollen and enlarged veins caused by weak valves

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LCXg2WBPtOQ&feature=related


VERICOSE VEINS


Problems

4.

Anemia:

Low Levels of Hemoglobin

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ZV5140OykE

Sickle Cell Anemia:

5. Inherited condition that causes Blood Clotting

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sickle_cell http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BkC5Hf-AKwo&feature=related


PROBLEMS

  • 6. HEMOPHILIA - Inherited disease. Blood does not clot


PROBLEMS

  • 7. LEUKEMIA – Cancer of the bone marrow. Effects white blood cells.

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SGj2vsdr-ks&feature=related


Leukemia


PROBLEMS/DISEASES

  • Create a skit in groups of 3-4

  • Describe your disease or problem

  • What are the signs or symptoms

  • Treatments?

  • BE CREATIVE!


PROBLEMS

  • 8. THROMBOSIS – Blood clots form in the vessels.

  • (EMBOLISM)- Blood clot on the move.


Effects of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs

1.

Hypertension (High BP)

2.

Dilation of Blood Vessels

3.

Flushed, Warm Feeling

4.

Loss of Body Heat

5.

Decrease in Body Temperature

6.

Increase in Heart Rate


Effects of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs

1.

Raised BP

2.

Increased HR

3.

Constricted Blood Vessels

4.

Increased Cholesterol; Build-Up

5.

Increase Risk of Heart Attack

6.

Heart Disease


Effects of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs

1.

Cocaine – Constricts Vessels & Increases BP

2.

Marijuana – Alters HR

3.

Heart Failure

4.

Stroke

5.

Death


Care & Health

1.

Diet – limit fat, cholesterol, and salt

2.

Exercise

3.

Healthy Weight

4.

NO Smoking

5.

Medical Check-Ups


1.Right Atrium, 2.Left Atrium, 3.Right Ventricle, 4.Left Ventricle, 5.Septum, 6.Aorta, 7.Valve, 8.Valve, 9.Superior Vena Cava, 10.Inferior Vena Cava, 11.PulmonaryArtery, 12.Pulmonary Vein,


6.

9.

11.

1.Right Atrium, 2.Left Atrium, 3.Right Ventricle, 4.Left Ventricle, 5.Septum, 6.Aorta, 7.Valve, 8.Valve, 9.Superior Vena Cava, 10.Inferior Vena Cava, 11.PulmonaryArtery, 12.Pulmonary Vein,

2.

1.

12.

7.

4.

8.

3.

5.

10.


Name: __________________

Section: __________________

1.Right Atrium, 2.Left Atrium, 3.Right Ventricle, 4.Left Ventricle, 5.Septum, 6.Aorta, 7.Valve, 7.Valve, 9.Superior Vena Cava, 10.Inferior Vena Cava, 11.PulmonaryArtery, 12.Pulmonary Vein,


WARM-UP

  • 1/24 What is one fun or interesting thing you did this weekend?


Warm-Up

  • 1/25 What is the difference between the functions of veins and arteries?


2/3/11

  • Warm-Up

  • Tell me about platelets….


2/8

  • Warm-Up

  • Describe one of the cardiovascular problems we discussed last class.


Warm-Up

  • 2/9

  • What are some negative outcomes of the cardiovascular/circulatory system due to the drinking of ALCOHOL?


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