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Teaching and Learning Programme – Recycling and Rubbish Reduction in East Riding of Yorkshire Lesson texts. Module breakdown. Module 1 – Don’t drop litter. Why not? Module 2 – What a load of rubbish Module 3 – What’s in your rubbish? Module 4 – Produce less. Create more!.

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Teaching and learning programme recycling and rubbish reduction in east riding of yorkshire

Teaching and Learning Programme –

Recycling and Rubbish Reduction in East Riding of Yorkshire

Lesson texts


Teaching and learning programme recycling and rubbish reduction in east riding of yorkshire

Module breakdown

Module 1 – Don’t drop litter. Why not?

Module 2 – What a load of rubbish

Module 3 – What’s in your rubbish?

Module 4 – Produce less. Create more!


Using the presentation

Using the Presentation

Students will access

from home via

the Internet and the VLE

Delivered to

whole class

by projector/

interactive

whiteboard

Presentation

on shared drive

Print-outs

can be sent to

absentees

School Network

Shared Drive/VLE

Accessed by

individual

students on screen

Print-outs

support

homework

Notes View pages

used as reference

Used by learning

support assistants


Teaching and learning programme recycling and rubbish reduction in east riding of yorkshire

MODULE ONE

Don’t drop litter. Why not?


Litter rubbish waste resource

Litter = Rubbish = Waste = Resource

Litter is more than an eyesore. It is a hazard. Think of some of the problems this may cause.

Fire

Safety

Litter

Health

Threat to wildlife


Problems caused by litter

Problems caused by litter

Did you know

  • Every 12 minutes a fire starts because of litter

Litter is a Fire Hazard

  • Thousands of car and bicycle accidents happen each year

    because of litter

Litter is a Safety Hazard


Teaching and learning programme recycling and rubbish reduction in east riding of yorkshire

Problems caused by litter

Did you know

  • Rats live in litter - they have fleas that carry disease

Litter is a Health Hazard

  • Thousands of animals choke on litter each year

Litter is a Threat to Wildlife


Litter facts

Litter facts

Litter can take months or even years to rot away (biodegrade).Think of some materials that can take several months to rot away.

A paper bag

A newspaper

A cotton shirt

Orange peel

Paper


Litter facts1

Litter facts

Some materials take many years to rot away. Can you think of any?

Plastic bags

Metal containers

Leather

Takeaway containers

Discuss how many years you think it will take for these pieces of rubbish to rot away.


Litter facts2

?

Litter facts

Plastic bags

Up to 20 years

Metal containers

Leather

Up to 100 years

Up to 40 years

Keep East Riding of Yorkshire Tidy

Just think how much decomposing litter (litter that is rotting away) is lying on our planet!


Prevent litter reduce waste

L k

Prevent litter - reduce waste

How can picking up litter make a difference?

What do you think?

Some examples:

  • You are making the area more beautiful

  • You are setting an example for others to get rid of litter themselves

  • You are making it less likely that others will drop litter because the area

    is clean and tidy

  • You are reducing the amount of waste in your area.

after East Riding of Yorkshire - it’s a beautiful place to live, let’s keep

it that way.


Teaching and learning programme recycling and rubbish reduction in east riding of yorkshire

MODULE ONE

Activities


What hazards can litter cause

Activity

1

What hazards can litter cause?

Task 1

What hazards do you think litter causes apart from looking untidy and spoiling the countryside?

  • Fire hazards

  • Safety hazards

  • Health hazards

  • Threats to wildlife


How long does it take for litter to rot away

A newspaper

A baked bean can

A cotton shirt

Some orange peel

A leather belt

Activity

2

How long does it take for litter to rot away?

Task 2

Discuss how long it would take for the following objects to rot away:


Teaching and learning programme recycling and rubbish reduction in east riding of yorkshire

MODULE TWO

What a load of rubbish!


Eryc waste facts

ERYC waste facts

In 2005/06 East Riding of Yorkshire Council collected 200.000tonnes of household waste. This doesn’t include waste produced by factories and businesses - that is called commercial waste.

Almost all of the household waste was buried in landfill sites.

  • 50.000 tonnes of household waste was recycled. That was 25% of the

    waste collected

2005/6 records show that:

  • Councils all round the country have been set targets for recycling

    waste

  • East Riding of Yorkshire Council must recycle 45% of household waste

    by 2010.

To hit this target we all need to help!


Amount of waste collected by eryc in 2005 06

Amount of waste collected by ERYC in 2005/06


Amount of waste that needs to be recycled by eryc by 2010

Amount of waste that needs to be recycled by ERYC by 2010


How you can help eryc achieve their recycling target

How you can help ERYC achieve their recycling target

Think about places in East Riding of Yorkshire where you can take your rubbish to be recycled.

  • Some supermarket car parks, leisure centres, pub car parks,

    outside schools

These are called bring sites – ERYC has 143 bring sites

Do you know where your nearest bring site is?


Teaching and learning programme recycling and rubbish reduction in east riding of yorkshire

Recycling with Shopping

Using Bring Sites


How you can help eryc achieve their recycling target1

How you can help ERYC achieve their recycling target

  • What else can you do?

Household waste recycling sites (the tip) – ERYC has 10 of these sites

  • What can you do at home?


Recycling our rubbish

Recycling our rubbish

Most of you now have a blue wheelie bin at home to use for recycling. This is called kerbside recycling.

Use your blue wheelie bin for rubbish that can be recycled - paper and magazines, food and drink cans and plastic bottles Take glass to the glass banks (at most bring sites).

Garden and kitchen waste can also be recycled (composted) at home. ERYC sell home composting bins at a reduced price.


Teaching and learning programme recycling and rubbish reduction in east riding of yorkshire

Kerbside recycling facts

In 2005/06 East Riding of Yorkshire Council collected 8,814tonnes of waste material from kerbside blue wheelie bins for recycling.

Records show that:

7,756 tonnesof this recycled material was paper and magazines.

529tonnes was food and drinks cans.

529tonnes was plastic bottles.


Home composting

Home Composting

  • Composting kitchen and garden waste is natures way of recycling.

  • Compost returned to the soil is good for growing more healthy plants.

  • Reduces need for artificial fertilisers that can damage the environment.


Teaching and learning programme recycling and rubbish reduction in east riding of yorkshire

ERYC Kerbside Recycling during 2005/06


Recycling our rubbish1

Recycling our rubbish

  • Use your blue bin for kerbside recycling.

  • Start home composting – its great for your garden and the environment.

  • Remember, only use your greenwheelie bin for rubbish that can’t be recycled like polystyrene and tissues.


Facts and figures

Facts and figures

Just look at these figures.

25%

What percentage is recycled?

Do you think this is enough?


Waste sites in east riding of yorkshire

Waste sites in East Riding of Yorkshire


Teaching and learning programme recycling and rubbish reduction in east riding of yorkshire

Landfill

If you don’t recycle where does

the rubbish go?

It goes to landfill


Teaching and learning programme recycling and rubbish reduction in east riding of yorkshire

Facts about landfill

What do you know about it?

Landfill– is when untreated rubbish is tipped into holes in the ground. When the hole is full the top is covered and the ground is returned to other uses.

New landfill sites are becoming harder to find.

In East Riding of Yorkshire there is plenty of beautiful countryside - but do we want to pollute it with rubbish and create lots of ugly tips across our area?


Teaching and learning programme recycling and rubbish reduction in east riding of yorkshire

Facts about landfill

So what can we do instead

of sending our rubbish to

landfill?

Here is a landfill site in

East Riding of Yorkshire.


Teaching and learning programme recycling and rubbish reduction in east riding of yorkshire

Imagine what the Humber Bridge would look like piled high in a year’s worth of rubbish.


Teaching and learning programme recycling and rubbish reduction in east riding of yorkshire

MODULE TWO

Activities


Facts and figures1

Activity

3

Facts and figures

Task 3

Using the figures provided on factsheets 1 and 2 create a pie chart or graph showing the amount of waste sent to landfill and the amount of waste recycled (in tonnes).

Create a second pie chart or graph to show how much waste will have to be recycled to meet the 45% target for 2010.


Eryc waste facts1

Fact sheet 1

ERYC waste facts

In 2005/6 East Riding of Yorkshire Council collected 200,000tonnes of household waste.

This doesn’t include waste produced by factories and businesses - that is called commercial waste.

Almost all of the household waste was buried in landfill sites.

In 2005/06, records show that:

  • 50,000 tonnes of household waste was recycled. That was 25% of the

    waste collected

  • Councils all round the country have been set targets for recycling

    waste

  • East Riding of Yorkshire Council must recycle 45% of household waste

    by 2010.

To hit this target they need everyone’s help!


Facts and figures2

Fact sheet 2

Facts and figures

Discuss in groups what percentage of waste collected is recycled.


Teaching and learning programme recycling and rubbish reduction in east riding of yorkshire

MODULE THREE

What’s in your rubbish?


What s in your rubbish

What’s in your rubbish?

An average family will produce 1,250 kilograms of household waste each year.

What else would weigh this much?

A small car like a Mini!

Unfortunately, your household waste is bulkier (takes up more space) than a Mini Cooper and fills at least a wheelie bin every week.


What s in your rubbish1

What’s in your rubbish?

  • In 2005/06, ERYC produced 200,000 tonnesof household waste

  • A wheelie bin holds approximately 10 kilograms of waste

  • Therefore, in 2005/06, ERYC’s waste filled 20,000,000 wheelie bins.

If you stood these wheelie bins side by side they would stretch from Spurn to Flamborough and back 58 times!


What s in your rubbish2

What’s in your rubbish?

Discuss what rubbish is in your bin at home.

Here are some examples of the rubbish that a typical bin contains:

Textiles

Organic waste (like vegetable peelings)

3%

Newspapers and magazines

20%

16%

Paper and card (mostly packaging)

Glass bottles and jars

30%

6%

Metal cans

9%

Plastics (bottles and bags)

Other waste materials

8%

8%

Note: figures provided are percentages of overall weight


Percentages of different types of rubbish

Percentages of different types of rubbish


Teaching and learning programme recycling and rubbish reduction in east riding of yorkshire

MODULE THREE

Activities


What do you think is in your bin

Activity

4

What do you think is in your bin?

Task 4

Using the information provided on factsheet 3 produce a bar chart or pie chart showing the percentages of types of waste in a typical household wheelie bin.


What percentages of rubbish

Fact sheet 3

What percentages of rubbish?

Discuss what rubbish you think there is most of in a typical bin.

Textiles

Organic waste (like vegetable peelings)

3%

Newspapers and magazines

20%

16%

Paper and card (mostly packaging)

Glass bottles and jars

30%

6%

Metal cans

9%

Plastics (bottles and bags)

Other waste materials

8%

8%

Note: figures provided are percentages of overall weight


What do you think is in your bin1

Activity

5

What do you think is in your bin?

  • Task 5

  • Family Survey – how much household waste do you think your family produces in one week?

  • As a class, discuss what types of waste should be counted in columns on

    your survey chart

  • Fill in the heading for each column

  • Show the days of the week in the rows of the chart

  • Using the ‘Household Waste Survey’ chart you have designed, collect

    information each day that will show the types of waste that are thrown

    away in your house

  • Count the number of items for each column and enter the information

    each day.


What do you think is in your bin2

Activity

6

What do you think is in your bin?

  • Task 6

  • Decide the best way to show the results of your survey. This can be done by hand or using a computer.


Teaching and learning programme recycling and rubbish reduction in east riding of yorkshire

MODULE FOUR

Produce less. Create more!


Think before you junk

Think before you junk!

The National Waste Strategy 2000 said that councils must recycle more waste instead of just dumping it! So what can you do to help?

The strategy suggests ways of producing less waste.

What do you think these might be?

Reduce

Reuse

This is called the waste hierarchy!

Recycle

Recover


Reduction

Reduction

Discuss what you think is meant by reduction of waste.

Reduction meanssendingless waste to landfill.

A tonne of waste prevented is a tonne less to bury


Reuse

Reuse

Discuss what you think is meant by reuse of waste.

Reuse means reusing things, such as glass bottles, returnable plastic crates, shoes, spectacles or even computers.

Some products are designed to be reused a number of times.


Recycling

Recycling

Discuss what you think is meant by recycling of waste.

  • Recycling means turning rubbish into new products. Lots of things can be recycled. In East Riding of Yorkshire a kerbside recycling scheme means you can recycle:

  • Paper

  • Magazines

  • Food and drink cans

  • Plastic bottles


Recovery

Recovery

Discuss what you think is meant byrecoveryof waste.

Recovery involves transforming (changing) the material by reprocessing it. For example, burning waste, or extracting methane from a landfill site, to generate heat or electricity.


What materials can be sorted

What materials can be sorted?

There are many projects being started across the country to support the reduction of waste.

In all areas these plans encourage the sorting of materials that can be recycled.

If people sort the waste at home, (called kerbside collection), then less waste has to be disposed of.

Think of some materials that can be sorted before collection:

glass

paper

organics

plastics

textiles

cans

Compost binshelp households to recycle their kitchen peelings and garden waste.


Get it sorted spread the word

Get it sorted - spread the word!

Tell everyone who can’t recycle at home to do their bit by using our

Household Waste Recycling Centres (tip).

  • Discuss what you could find at these centres:

  • glass banks

  • save-a-can banks

  • paper banks

  • places for textiles

  • places for garden rubbish.


How you can help when it comes to recycling

How you can help when it comes to recycling

  • How do you think you could help when taking rubbish to the Household Waste Recycling Centres?

  • You could:

  • wash out bottles, cans and jars

  • take the labels off them as well

  • crush the cans and plastic bottles to take up less space.

  • Safety First

  • be careful when handling rubbish

  • ask an adult to crush cans for you

  • watch out for sharp edges.

Where is your nearest recycling centre?

Visit http://www.eastriding.gov.uk/environment


Think

Think!

  • When getting rid of your rubbish think about the 4Rs. What are the 4Rs?

  • Reduce - Don’t create waste - if we cut down on the things we use we will produce less waste

  • Reuse - Use it again before you throw it away check to see if it can be re-used by someone else

  • Recycle - Can it be recycled?

  • Recover - Can the energy locked up inside it be converted into something useful?

    If it has to be thrown away (disposal) can we do it safely?

Get that rubbish sorted !!!


Recycled products

Recycled Products

Recycling means manufacturing a new product from old, used material. Lots of recycled products are available.

recycled into

Toilet rolls

Cardboard containers

Fleece jackets

Plastic bottles

New aluminium cans

Used aluminium cans

New glass bottles

Used glass bottles

The display in the photograph shows waste materials that have been collected (on the left) and then recycled into new products (on the right).


Recycled products1

Recycled Products

At the moment there is not enough demand for recycled products.

A manufacturer will automatically choose to use a raw material rather than a recycled one if there is no demand from the public.

To make sure more waste is recycled we must start using recycled products.

Lots of information on products that can be recycled is available. For more information on these products you could use an internet search engine using the key words you have learnt about recycling.


Teaching and learning programme recycling and rubbish reduction in east riding of yorkshire

MODULE FOUR

Activities


Group work waste disposal

Activity

7(a)

Group work – waste disposal

  • Task 7(a)

  • Discuss what you think is meant by landfill.

  • What do you think are the problems of this method of getting rid of

    waste (waste disposal)?

  • What type of products are reused in your house?

  • What do you think is meant by recycling?

  • Make a list of the types of waste that can be recycled.


Group work recycling in your area

Activity

7(b)

Group work – recycling in your area

Task 7(b)

Discuss the type of recycling that takes place in your area

  • Write a report about recycling in your local area. You should include the following in your report:

  • what material is recycled

  • how the material is collected

  • where the material is collected

  • who collects the material

  • what you think happens to it when it is collected.


Group work presentation

Activity

7 (c)

Group work - Presentation

Task 7(c)

Using the images in the recycling folder, and using your answers to Task 7(a) and 7(b), make a multi-media presentation to show to the class. Work in small groups.


Get the message across

Activity

8

Get the message across

Task 8

  • Design a poster that will be used in an advertising campaign about recycling. The campaign is aimed at promoting recycling and will be used to educate the general public.


Teaching and learning programme recycling and rubbish reduction in east riding of yorkshire

REFERENCE MATERIAL


Glossary 1 primary

Glossary 1 (Primary)

Biodegrade – when a product breaks down, safely and disappears into the environment.

Bring sites – a place where people take their rubbish to be recycled.

Civic amenity site – a place where people take their bulky waste.

Collection facilities – all of the organised collection networks available to people.

Contaminants – materials that have been mixed with other materials when they shouldn’t have been.

Controlled waste – industrial, household and commercial waste.

Disposal – getting rid of rubbish.

Home composting – the breaking down of kitchen and garden waste to either produce a soil conditioner or to achieve a reduction in their collected waste.

Household waste – all wastes covered by Schedules 1 and 2 of the Controlled Waste Regulations 1992.

Household waste recycling sites – see ‘bring sites’.

Kerbside recycling – a system where the householder puts their waste or recoverable materials into a container or bag and places it, on a specific day, outside of their property, for collection.


Glossary 2 primary

Glossary 2 (Primary)

Landfill site – a place where rubbish is tipped into the ground.

Municipal waste – all waste collected by or on behalf of local councils and includes all household waste, street cleaning waste and some business waste.

Processing – the treatment of recyclable, compostable or otherwise recoverable materials at a Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) or other facility, prior to reprocessing.

Recover – to transform material by using it again for the original purpose or for other purposes.

Recycle – to reprocess rubbish for the original purpose or for other purposes.

Recycling – the reprocessing of rubbish into new products e.g. paper, glass, cardboard, plastics and scrap metals can be recycled.

Reprocessing – the treatment of recyclable or compostable materials, after collection and processing, to prepare a secondary material that meets market specifications.

Reduce – to reduce the actual amount of rubbish produced.

Residue – materials sent for final disposal after collection and processing.

Reuse – involves products designed to be used a number of times in the same form, such as glass milk bottles or returnable plastic crates.


Glossary 3 primary

Glossary 3 (Primary)

  • Special waste – defined under the Special Waste Regulations 1996. In broad terms, any wastes on the European Hazardous Waste list that have one or more of 14 defined hazardous properties. Controlled waste, which consists of, or contains, substances which are ‘dangerous to life’ as defined in UK regulations.

  • Sustainable development – development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

  • Waste (rubbish) – products which have been discarded by the householder, business, or other waste generator, as having no further use.

  • Waste management – management of the collection, recovery and disposal of wastes.

  • Waste minimisation – the reduction of waste.

  • Further sources of information:

  • Waste not, want not – A strategy for tackling the waste problem in England (November 2002)

  • http://www.number-10.gov.uk/su/waste/report/01.html

  • Review of environmental & health effects of waste management (May 2004)

  • http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/waste/health-effects/index.htm


Glossary 1 secondary

Glossary 1 (Secondary)

Biodegrade – when a product breaks down, safely and relatively quickly, by biological means, into the raw materials of nature and disappear into the environment.

Bring sites – a place where people take their waste and/or their recyclable, compostable or otherwise recoverable materials.

Civic amenity site – facility provided by a local authority for householders to take bulky household waste, garden waste and other household wastes, which are not normally taken by vehicles on domestic collection rounds.

Collection facilities – all the collection infrastructure available to the householders for the collection of waste and recyclable, compostable or otherwise recoverable materials, civic amenity sites and mini recycling centres.

Contaminants – misplaced materials that are not targeted (including dirty materials) but which are set out by the householder in the programme facilities. Contaminants can also be the result of failure to maintain the separation of the targeted materials during the collection and processing.

Controlled waste – Industrial, household and commercial waste, as defined in UK legislation.

Disposal – getting rid of rubbish as a last resort.


Glossary 2 secondary

Glossary 2 (Secondary)

Home composting – the aerobic decomposition of kitchen and garden putrescible waste organised by householders in private gardens or allotments, to either produce a soil conditioner or to achieve a reduction in their collected waste.

Household waste – all wastes covered by Schedules 1 and 2 of the Controlled Waste Regulations 1992.

Household waste recycling sites – see ‘bring sites’.

Kerbside recycling – a system of waste recycling in which the householder or other waste generator places their waste or recoverable materials into a container or bag and places it, on a specific day, at the curtilage or in the immediate vicinity of their property, for collection.

Landfill site – site used for waste disposal into/onto land.

Municipal waste – all waste collected by or on behalf of local authorities and includes all household waste, street cleaning waste and some commercial and trade waste.

Processing – the treatment or upgrading of recyclable, compostable or otherwise recoverable materials at a Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) or other facility, prior to reprocessing. Upgrading operations include sorting, densification, shredding, bulking.

Recover – to transform material by extracting value from it through reprocessing the material in a production process for the original purpose or for other purposes, including energy recovery. This is also referred to as ‘to valorise’.


Glossary 3 secondary

Glossary 3 (Secondary)

Recycle – to reprocess waste materials in a production process for the original purpose or for other purposes, including composting but excluding energy recovery.

Recycling – the reprocessing of wastes into new products. Many non-hazardous wastes such as paper, glass, cardboard, plastics and scrap metals can be recycled. Certain special (hazardous) wastes such as solvents can also be recycled.

Reprocessing – the treatment of recyclable or compostable materials, after collection and processing, to prepare a secondary material that meets market specifications. For example, composting, the production of recycled plastic pellets, recyled paper or clean glass cullet.

Reduce – to reduce the actual amount of waste produced.

Residue – materials sent for final disposal after collection and processing. Residues comprise both contaminants and targeted materials that have been either missed during sorting, or contaminated so they cannot be sorted to the specification.

Reuse – involves products designed to be used a number of times in the same form, such as glass milk bottles or returnable plastic crates.

Special waste – defined under the Special Waste Regulations 1996. In broad terms, any wastes on the European Hazardous Waste list that have one or more of 14 defined hazardous properties. Controlled waste, which consists of, or contains, substances, which are ‘dangerous to life’ as defined in UK regulations.


Glossary 4 secondary

Glossary 4 (Secondary)

  • Sustainable development – development which meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

  • Waste (rubbish) – products which have been discarded by the householder, commercial outlet, institution, industry or other waste generator, as having no further use.

  • Waste management – management of the collection, recovery and disposal of wastes, including options for waste reduction.

  • Waste minimisation – the reduction of waste at source, by understanding and changing processes to reduce and prevent waste. This is also known as process or resource efficiency. Waste minimisation can include the substitution of less environmentally harmful materials in the production process.

  • Further sources of information:

  • Waste not, want not – A strategy for tackling the waste problem in England (November 2002)

  • http://www.number-10.gov.uk/su/waste/report/01.html

  • Review of environmental & health effects of waste management (May 2004)

  • http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/waste/health-effects/index.htm


Useful websites

Useful websites

www.eastriding.gov.uk/environment

www.ciwm.org.uk

www.compost.org.uk

www.crn.org.uk

www.defra.gov.uk/environment/waste

www.encams.org

www.environment-agency.gov.uk

www.esauk.org

www.foe.co.uk

www.globalactionplan.org.uk

www.letsrecycle.com

www.ollierecycles.com

www.othas.org.uk/ccn

www.recoup.org

www.recycle.net

www.recyclingglass.co.uk

www.remarkable.co.uk

www.rethinkrubbish.com

www.scrib.org

www.standards.dfes.gov.uk

www.textile-recycling.org.uk

www.wastewatch.org.uk


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