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Community Adversity and Resilience: the distribution of social disadvantage in Victoria and New South Wales and the mediating role of social cohesion. Community Adversity and Resilience. SOCIAL DISADVANTAGE FACTORS. Unemployment Long-term Unemployment Low Income Early School Leaving

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Community Adversity and Resilience:

the distribution of social disadvantage in Victoria and New South Wales and the mediating role of social cohesion


Community Adversity and Resilience

SOCIAL DISADVANTAGE FACTORS

  • Unemployment

  • Long-term Unemployment

  • Low Income

  • Early School Leaving

  • Non-completion Yr12 Schooling

  • Unskilled Workers

  • Low Birth Weight

  • Child Abuse

  • Psychiatric Hospital Admissions

  • Criminal Offence Convictions

  • Child Injuries

  • Imprisonment

  • Threat Severance Electric Supply

  • Mortality

  • Disability/Sickness Allowance


Community Adversity and Resilience

Unequal in Life (1999)


Community Adversity and Resilience

Unequal in Life (1999)


30%

43%

27%

Community Adversity and Resilience


Social cohesion factors victoria
SOCIAL COHESION FACTORS – *VICTORIA

Community Adversity and Resilience

  • Participation in organised recreation/sports groups

  • Volunteering

  • Availability of informal help

  • *(277 of the 647 Victorian postcodes met criteria for inclusion – ie, minimum of 10 respondents for each of the three data sets used)


Community development interventions drive a wedge in the cycle of disadvantage
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT INTERVENTIONSDRIVE A WEDGE IN THE CYCLE OF DISADVANTAGE

Community Adversity and Resilience

Limited Education

and Low Birth Weight

are strongly associated

(0.45)

Low social

cohesion

The connection

is even stronger

(0.55)

with

High social

cohesion

The connection

is much weaker

(0.12)

with

Community Adversity and Resilience, Tony Vinson, March 2004 (Jesuit Social Services) Ch 5


Community development interventions drive a wedge in the cycle of disadvantage1
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT INTERVENTIONS DRIVE A WEDGE IN THE CYCLE OF DISADVANTAGE

Community Adversity and Resilience

Early School Leaving

across local population

and Imprisonment

are strongly associated

(0.47)

Connection

remainsstrong

(0.46)

Low social

cohesion

with

Connection is

very much weaker

(0.11)

High social

cohesion

with

Community Adversity and Resilience, Tony Vinson, March 2004 (Jesuit Social Services) Ch 5


Community development interventions drive a wedge in the cycle of disadvantage2
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT INTERVENTIONS DRIVE A WEDGE IN THE CYCLE OF DISADVANTAGE

Community Adversity and Resilience

Unemployment rate

and rate of

Imprisonment

are strongly

connected

(0.65)

The connection

is even stronger

(0.75)

Low social

cohesion

with

The connection

is greatly reduced

(0.22)

High social

cohesion

with

Community Adversity and Resilience, Tony Vinson, March 2004 (Jesuit Social Services) Ch 5


Community development interventions drive a wedge in the cycle of disadvantage3
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT INTERVENTIONS DRIVE A WEDGE IN THE CYCLE OF DISADVANTAGE

Community Adversity and Resilience

Early School

Leaving

is strongly

associated with

rate of

Unemployment

(0.64)

Strength of

association

remains about

the same

(0.63)

Low social

cohesion

with

The association

is considerably

weaker

(0.28)

High social

cohesion

with

Community Adversity and Resilience, Tony Vinson, March 2004 (Jesuit Social Services) Ch 5


Community development interventions drive a wedge in the cycle of disadvantage4
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT INTERVENTIONS DRIVE A WEDGE IN THE CYCLE OF DISADVANTAGE

Community Adversity and Resilience

The strength of

the relationship

remains unchanged

(0.46)

Low Work Skills

and rate of

Imprisonment

are strongly

connected

(0.47)

Low social

cohesion

with

There is a

dramaticreduction

in degree

of association

(0.10)

High social

cohesion

with

Community Adversity and Resilience, Tony Vinson, March 2004 (Jesuit Social Services) Ch 5


Community Adversity and Resilience CYCLE OF

TABLE 5.1 – CORRELATIONS BETWEEN ANTECEDENT AND OUTCOME VARIABLES FOR DIFFERENT DEGREES OF SOCIAL COHESION IN VICTORIA


Community Adversity and Resilience CYCLE OF

TABLE 5.1 – CORRELATIONS BETWEEN ANTECEDENT AND OUTCOME VARIABLES FOR DIFFERENT DEGREES OF SOCIAL COHESION IN VICTORIA


Community Adversity and Resilience CYCLE OF

FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH THE PARTICIPATION OF TENANTS IN A PUBLIC HOUSING ESTATE:

  • What factors could explain why residents participated in resident association action groups?

  • What type of person was more likely to assume a greater degree of responsibility in such organisations?


Community Adversity and Resilience CYCLE OF

PARTICIPATION WAS ASSOCIATED WITH THE GENERAL DEGREE OF SOCIAL INTEGRATION RESIDENTS POSSESSED WITHIN THEIR NEIGHBOURHOOD:

  • How long they had lived in the area

  • Whether they intended remaining there

  • The extent of their local social networks

  • The balance between family needs, personal aspirations and competing commitments


Community Adversity and Resilience CYCLE OF

THE PROFILE OF AN ACTIVE PARTICIPANT, LIKELY TO BECOME A COMMUNITY LEADER:

  • Female

  • Dependent children (not pre-school age)

  • Australian born

  • High sense of belonging to the area

  • Working part-time or unemployed

  • Already active in other associations


CONCLUSION CYCLE OF

SOCIAL EXCLUSION BREEDS SOCIAL ALIENATION,

WITH INCREASES IN:

  • CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT

  • YOUTH SCHOOL DROP OUT

  • MENTAL HEALTH DISORDER

  • SUBSTANCE MISUSE

  • CRIMINAL CONVICTIONS

  • PRISON EXPANSION

Community Adversity and Resilience


Community Adversity and Resilience CYCLE OF

  • CONCLUSION – cont’d

  • SUCH HIGH BUDGET ITEMS ABSORB AN

    INCREASING PERCENTAGE OF THE STATE’S

    BUDGET, BUT GENERALLY FAIL TO CREATE

    A MORE COHESIVE SOCIETY.

  • STATE GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES WOULD BE MORE EFFECTIVE IN BUILDING SOCIAL COHESION

    BY TARGETTING AREAS OF ENTRENCHED SOCIAL DISADVANTAGE.


Community Adversity and Resilience: CYCLE OF

the distribution of social disadvantage in Victoria and New South Wales and the mediating role of social cohesion


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