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# The School District of Escambia County Elementary Mathematics Pre-school In-service August 13, 2007 PowerPoint PPT Presentation

The School District of Escambia County Elementary Mathematics Pre-school In-service August 13, 2007. CRA IN ACTION. Learning Outcomes. Understand and model the Levels of Learning Understand and model methods of assessment Describe accommodations and technology. Fast-Food Glyph.

The School District of Escambia County Elementary Mathematics Pre-school In-service August 13, 2007

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## The School District of Escambia CountyElementary Mathematics Pre-school In-serviceAugust 13, 2007

CRA IN ACTION

### Learning Outcomes

• Understand and model the Levels of Learning

• Understand and model methods of assessment

• Describe accommodations and technology

### Fast-Food Glyph

What can your students learn from doing a glyph activity?

• Data collection

• Data classification and organization

• Data representation

• Data interpretation

• Data analysis

• Evaluation

• Communication

### Fast-Food Glyph

Select a mouth-watering meal from these fast-food items.

What would you order? – Design on cup

• Hamburger –

• Cheeseburger -

• Chicken –

• Taco -

### Fast-Food Glyph

What would you like to drink? –Color of cup

• Cola – blue

• Orange – orange

• Lemon-lime – green

• Milkshake - brown

### Fast-Food Glyph

What would you like for dessert? – Place for the straw

• Cookies – right side of cup

• Ice cream – left side of cup

• Pie – center of cup

### Fast-Food Glyph

Would you rather eat-in or carry-out? – Straw design

• Eat-in – striped

• Carry-out - blank

### CRA In ACTION

• C – Concrete

• R – Representational

• A - Abstract

### When Students Struggle..

Modifying and accommodating

• What types of accommodations do we try?

• What types of modifications do we try?

### Why Would CRA be Effective?

• Multimodal forms of math acquisition to aid memory and retrieval (Engelkamp & Zimmer; Nilsson)

• Multiple learning styles are being met to aid relevance and motivation (Oberer)

• Meaningful manipulations of materials allow students to rationalize abstract mathematics (Demby; Noice & Noice)

• Provides an alternative to algorithm memorization of math rules(Witzel)

• Transportable without concrete materials (Witzel)

### Teach to Mastery with CRA

• Model and guide students in their use of manipulative objects and pictorial representations

• Teach students step by step gradually introducing mathematical vocabulary.

• Move from concrete to representational to abstract only after students show accuracy without hesitations in manipulations or drawings.

• Assess each level of learning.

### Hundreds of Ways

What can your students learn by using a hundred chart?

• Relative position of whole numbers

• Number sense

• Flexible use of numbers

• Addition and subtraction of whole numbers

### Inches and Feet

What can your students learn from constructing their own measuring tools?

• Conversion of units within a system of measurement

### How Big is a Foot?

What can your students learn about standard and non-standard measurement?

• Recognize the attributes of length

• How to measure using non-standard units

• Recognize the importance of standard measurement

### Triangles

What can your students learn by using a geoboard?

• The attributes of two-dimensional shapes

• Classification of two-dimensional shapes

• Develop geometric vocabulary

### How Does Your Garden Grow?

What can your students learn about area and perimeter by using color tiles?

• Students find different perimeters using a constant area

### CRA IN ACTION

• Lesson template

• Spending more time on the concrete and the representational results in greater understanding in the abstract

• Representational is the bridge from concrete to abstract

• Abstract assessment is not always necessary

• CRA makes learning FUN

### Thank you for your attention today.

Best wishes for a successful

2007 – 2008 school year