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Moral Development. Unit 5 Lesson 4. Objectives. Define morality. Explain Kohlberg’s stages of moral development. Explore moral dilemmas. Warm Up. What is cognitive development? Dvpt of mental activities that aid our understanding of world. Review. What is a schema?

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Moral development

Moral Development

Unit 5

Lesson 4


Objectives
Objectives

  • Define morality.

  • Explain Kohlberg’s stages of moral development.

  • Explore moral dilemmas.


Warm up
Warm Up

  • What is cognitive development?

  • Dvpt of mental activities that aid our understanding of world.


Review
Review

  • What is a schema?

    • Organized set of thoughts or behaviors, a way of knowing

  • How do we change our schemas, or learn?

    • Assimilation – New fits into old

    • Accommodation – Change old to fit new http://projects.coe.uga.edu/epltt/index.php?title=Piaget's_Stages



Directions
Directions

  • 1 Bachelor/Bachelorette and 4 contestants up at a time

  • Bachelor will ask question.

  • Contestants will answer.

  • Audience will decide which stage of Piaget’s cognitive dvpt contestant’s answer represents


Rd 1

  • “How would you show you’re interested in me?”

  • “How would you show your interest in me?”

    • Preoperational

  • “I would lovingly stare at your face.”

    • Sensorimotor

  • “I would write you a note and tell you.”

    • Concrete Operational

  • “I would rearrange the alphabet to put U & I together.”

    • Formal Operational


Rd 2

  • “What would we do on a typical date?”

  • “Dinner and a movie, or movie and dinner.”

    • Concrete Operations

  • “Visit the art museum and discuss which piece best captures the spirit of our relationship.”

    • Formal Operations

  • “Whatever I feel like.”

    • Preoperational

  • “Go to the beach and play in the sand and water.”

    • Sensorimotor


Rd 3

  • “At the end of our date, how would you say goodnight?”

  • “Start crying and hyperventilating because you’re leaving.”

    • Sensorimotor

  • “It would depend on how the overall date went.”

    • Concrete Operations

  • “I don’t believe in physical intimacy on a first date, it goes against my morals.”

    • Formal Operational

  • “Did you know it gets dark out so I can go to sleep?”

    • Preoperational


Moral development1
Moral Development

  • Lawrence Kohlberg (1973)

    • How people dvp concepts of right and wrong.

    • Moral dilemmas


Heinz
Heinz

  • Listen to the following moral dilemma…

  • Answer:

    • Should he have done what he did?

    • Was he right or wrong? Why?

    • Explain your answer on paper


Kohlberg s stages of moral dvpt
Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral Dvpt

  • Preconventional (Morality focused on self)

  • Conventional (Morality focused on others)

  • Postconventional (Morality focused on higher power)


Preconventional morality
Preconventional Morality

  • Assign great importance to the authority of adults

  • Stage 1: Obedience & Punishment

    • Right is what authority says is right

    • An action is wrong if it’s punished

  • Stage 2: Individualism & Exchange

    • See different sides to every issue, no longer single authority

    • Right means acting in own best-interests

      • Make deals/exchange favors…I’ll scratch your back if you scratch mine

    • Punishment is risk to avoid


Conventional morality
Conventional Morality

  • Children value rules, which they follow to get approval of others

  • Stage 3: Good Interpersonal Relationships

    • Want the approval of people close to them

    • Right is what will gain approval of others

      • Good Boy/Good Girl Behaviors

  • Stage 4: Maintain Law & Order

    • More concerned with rules of larger society

    • Right means obeying laws, respecting authority, maintaining social order


Postconventional morality
Postconventional Morality

  • Flexibility allows people to consider what’s truly important to them (what would make good/ideal society).

  • Stage 5: Social Contract & Individual Rights

    • Want to follow society’s rules, but don’t see those rules as absolute.

    • Basic rights & democratic processes that give everyone a say

  • Stage 6: Universal Ethical Principles

    • What’s right and wrong is decided by individual, based on abstract ethical principles (justice, equality, conscience)


Heinz dilemma responses
Heinz Dilemma Responses?

  • With a partner, craft a response from each stage

  • 1- Should not steal for fear of going to prison

  • 2- Steal it, he’ll be happier if wife is healed

  • 3- Steal it, his wife expects him to get it

  • 4- Don’t steal, it’s against the law

  • 5- Steal it, everyone has right to live, regardless of what law says

  • 6- Should steal, human life of more value than property rights


Heinz dilemma responses1
Heinz Dilemma Responses?

  • With a partner, craft a response from each stage

    (These are only examples, other right answers!)

  • 1- Should not steal for fear of going to prison

  • 2- Steal it, he’ll be happier if wife is healed

  • 3- Steal it, his wife expects him to get it

  • 4- Don’t steal, it’s against the law

  • 5- Steal it, everyone has right to live, regardless of what law says

  • 6- Should steal, human life of more value than property rights


Kohlberg activities
Kohlberg Activities

  • Kohlberg’s Stages Part B

  • Personal Dilemmas

    • Jonathan

  • Moral Dilemmas

    • Jot down your response.

    • Is there pattern in responses?


Think pair share
Think-Pair-Share

  • What other factors could account for moral development?

    • Religious text

    • Conscience

    • What feels right

    • Absence of moral decision making


Helping kids develop morality
Helping Kids Develop Morality

  • Provide decent adult role models.

  • Positive feedback for good character & behaviors.

    • Empathy – ability to feel another person’s feelings…motivation for a child to behave morally.

  • Talk out dilemmas, help children problem solve & draw conclusion.

  • Encourage to think through actions and be brave & stand up for what they believe in.


Closure
Closure

  • Describe the major changes from pre to conventional to post-conventional moral reasoning.

  • Pre-conventional – based on external consequences & personal gain

  • Conventional – based on rules of group to which individual belongs

  • Post-conventional – based on personal authority with self-chosen principles


Homework
Homework

  • QUIZ!

  • Infancy & Childhood

  • Cognitive & Moral Development


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