Unit 4 Earthquake
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Unit 4 Earthquake Reading. 大洼第三高级中学 教师 刘静. Ⅰ. STATUS AND FUNCTION OF THE TEXT. Ⅱ. THE ANALYSIS OF THE STUDENTS. Ⅲ. TEACHING AIMS. Ⅳ .TEACHING KEY POINTS AND DIFFICULTIES. Ⅴ .TEACHING METHOD AND AIDS. Ⅵ. LEARNING PROCEDURES. Ⅶ . BLACKBOARD DESIGN AND COMMENTS.

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Unit 4 Earthquake

Reading

大洼第三高级中学 教师 刘静


Ⅰ. STATUS AND FUNCTION OF THE TEXT

Ⅱ. THE ANALYSIS OF THE STUDENTS

Ⅲ. TEACHING AIMS

Ⅳ.TEACHING KEY POINTS AND DIFFICULTIES

Ⅴ.TEACHING METHOD AND AIDS

Ⅵ.LEARNING PROCEDURES

Ⅶ. BLACKBOARD DESIGN AND COMMENTS


Status and function of the text
Ⅰ. STATUS AND FUNCTION OF THE TEXT

  • A reading text about Tangshan Earthquake

  • Learn what happened before, during and after the earth-quake.

  • Train students different reading skills (skimming, scanning, close reading, summarizing, and word-guessing skills)

  • understand the language text

    improve reading ability


The analysis of the students
Ⅱ. THE ANALYSIS OF THE STUDENTS

  • English level low, especially reading ability.

  • Before this lesson, learn about the warming-up and pre-reading, and preview the new words


Teaching aims
Ⅲ. TEACHING AIMS

  • 1. Knowledge objects

  • 2. Ability objects

  • 3.Moral objects



Ability aims:

1. Learn to describe the signs before the earthquake, the destruction caused by the earthquake,and the rescue after the earthquake.

2. Develop the students’ reading ability and let them learn different reading skills.


Moral objects:

1.To know the damage earthquakes bring about and the ways to reduce the losses of the earthquake.

2.To know how to protect oneself and help others in earthquakes.

3.To be aware of a terrible disaster, meanwhile get them to face it, treat it in a proper way, and never get discouraged.

4.To value life ,value love, and show love to the people around us.


Teaching key point and difficulty
.TEACHING KEY POINT AND DIFFICULTY

1.Key point:

  • learn to describe a earthquake using learnt words and expressions.

  • Tain the students’reading skills to understand the content of the text in detail.

    2.Difficulty :

  • How to develop the reading abilities


. TEACHING METHOD

1.Task-based teaching method

2.Pre-task—Task—Post-task

3.Cooperative learning

TEACHING AIDS:

blackboard, computer-assisted teaching

(multimedia), projector


. LEARNING PROCEDURES 45’

Step 1 Review(5’)

Step2 Lead in

Step3 Title prediction (2’)

Step 4 Skimming (5’)

Reading(25’)

Step 5 Scanning(5’)

Step 6: Careful reading(13’)

Step 7 Sentence translation and enjoyment(3’)

Step 8: Consolidation exercise (5’)

Step9: Post-reading(6’)

Step10: Homework(1’)


Step1 review describe the scene you saw using the words learnt in last class
Step1 Review (Describe the scene you saw using the words learnt in last class.)

  • If a big earthquake happened, the earth might be

  • shaking. Most of the buildings might collapse/fall

  • down, the broad and busy roads might be destroyed,

  • a large number of people might be killed or injured,

  • a lot of people might lose their homes and become

  • homeless, a lot of children might lose their parents

  • and become orphans, the whole cities might be in

  • ruins.


Step2 lead in can you name some other big earthquakes happened before
Step2 Lead-inCan you name some other big earthquakes happened before?

  • Tangshan earthquake (7.28,1976)

  • San Francisco earthquake (4.18,1906)


Step3 Title prediction

Why is the title called A Night the Earth Didn’t Sleep?


skimming:Main idea of each paragraph:

reading

scanning:

True or False

careful reading:

Answer the following questions

Fill in the following forms:


Step 4 skimmig
Step 4:Skimmig

Read the text as quickly as possible and try to answer the following questions below.

  • In what order was the passage written?

  • What is the general idea of the passage?


Read each paragragh and pick out the topic sentence

  • Topic sentence of para1

  • Topic sentence of para2

  • Topic sentence of para3

  • Topic sentence of para4

Strange things were happening in the countryside in northeast Hebei.

Everywhere began to shake and it seemed that the world was at an end.

Everywhere they looked nearly everything was destroyed.

All hope was not lost


to get the main idea, you should pay special attention to the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraph

Part3

Part2

Part1

Main idea of the text

Paragraph

1

Signs before the earthquake

Paragraph 2&3

Damage and destruction of earthquake

Paragraph 4

Reconstruction after earthquake.


Step 5 scanning
Step 5 Scanning the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraph

Scan the text and decide whether the following statements are true or false. If it is false, try to correct it.(T&F)

1. People in Tangshan were warned of the earthquake and didn’t go to bed that night.

2. People in Beijing also felt the earthquake.

3. More than 400,000 people were killed in the quake.

4. Many rescue workers and doctors were trapped under the ruins during the after-shock

5. People tried to get fresh water from under the ground in Tangshan.


Step 6 careful reading read part 1 again and fill in the blanks
Step 6 Careful reading the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraph Read Part 1 again and fill in the blanks.

.

Before the earthquake:

In the village, the well water____________, the well wall___________, and _____________came out of the cracks ;

In the farmyards, chickens & pig were______________________, mice____________________,fish________________________;

In the sky, there was ________________and the sound of plane;

In the city, water pipes__________________________________.

While people________________________________________.


Part 2 during the earthquake read part 2 and finish the exercises
Part 2 During the earthquake the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraphRead part 2 and finish the exercises

  • 1.What do all the numbers referred to?


2 questions
2. the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraphQuestions:

  • What does “them” in para3 refer to?

  • What happened later that afternoon?


Part 3 after the earthquake read part3 for the second time and fill in the blanks
Part 3 After the earthquake the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraphRead Part3 for the second time and fill in the blanks


Step 7 sentence translation and enjoyment
Step 7 the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraphSentence translation and enjoyment

Translate and try to appreciate the language of the passage.

  • It seemed as if the world was at an end.

  • Bricks covered the ground like red autumn leaves.

  • The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400,000.

  • All hope was not lost.

  • Slowly, very slowly, the city began to breathe again.


Step 8 consolidation
Step 8 the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraphConsolidation

. Exercise: Fill in the blanks with the first letter given.

Several days before July28,1976, many strange things happened in

Tangshan. They were signs for an e______. But people living there

think______ of that. At 3:42 a.m. that day, the earth began to s_______,

which d_______ almost the whole city in a few seconds. Many people,

including workers and doctors, come to r_________those who were

t______ under the ruins. Later that afternoon, another big earthquake

struck the city. More people were killed or i______ and more buildings

f______ down. Very soon the army sent a lot of soldiers to help, and the

teams were organized to d______ the trapped and b______the dead.

By and by things improved and the city began to breathe again.


Step 9 post reading fill in the blanks and discuss

A terrible earthquake happened inWenchuan the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraph

on May 12,2008. _1 people lost their lives and

homes. During those days, a lot of stories about

__2__could be heared. Here is __3__of them.

After the earthquake, under a fallen building,

some soldiers found that a __4__died in a very

strange way. When they were ready to take her

away, they were surprised to find that a baby in

her arms was __5__alive. The baby was sleeping

and __6__hurt at all. Between the dead mother

__7__the living baby, there was a cellphone

with a short __8__on the screen,” My dear baby,if you can survive, remember that I

love you.” Everyboby__9__when they read

these words.

Besides this stories, many other stories also

moved us deeply. __10__these stories,we know more about love.

You’re lucky if you’re loved by others. You’re great if you love others when you’re in danger.

1. A. All B.Many C.Few D.No

2. A.home B. life C.love D.hope

3. A.one B.none C.some D.each

4. A.man B.woman C.boy D.girl

5. A.still B.often C.never D.not

6. A.is B.isn’t C.was D.wasn’t

7. A.or B.and C.also D.but

8. A.story B.film C.message D.song

9. A.smiled B.shouted

C.laughed D.cried

10. A.From B.On C.To D.With

Step 9 Post readingFill in the blanks and discuss


Discuss: the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraph

How do you feel after reading the passage?

Value life

Value love

Show love to the people around you


Step 10 assignment
Step 10 Assignment the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraph

2008年5月12日14时28分,四川省汶川发生了

特大地震。请根据下面的提示,用英语写一篇

100词左右的短文,简单描述全国人民抗震救灾

的情况,并谈一谈作为中学生如何帮助地震救

灾区的人们。

Part 1 the earthquake

Part 2 the help

Part 3 what I feel and do


Para 1: the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraph

On the May 12th 2008, a powerful Earthquake happened in Sichuan. A lot of buildings and road………………………….. About 70000 people …………………… and 370000 people

………………………….. during the earthquake.

The first one:

the earthquake


The second one : the help the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraph

Para 2:The government sent the army to ……………….who ……………………

Volunteers …………….to the homeless people.

Money was raised from ……………….to help them start a new life.


The last one: what I feel and do the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraph

Para 3:

Today at school, we donated money for ………..I laid 200 RMB in the box,which was ………..When I am thinking about………….., I feel……... If we all do something for them,…………..


Blackboard design the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraph

A night the earth didn’t sleep

Main idea of each part

  • Part 1. para1

    Signs before earthquake

  • Part 2. para2$3

    Damage and destruction of earthquake

  • Part 3. Para4

    Reconstruction after earthquake


comment the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraph

Teachers should employ proper teaching methods and techniques to satisfy their needs.They are in great need of instructions on how to be successful language learners.

My lesson plan is designed on the basis of these two principles. The questions in my teaching plan are raised for the purpose of arousing the students' interests and aimed to help the students to concentrate on the meaning of the text

.

In this lesson, I lead the students understand the passage step by step, and help them to understand the text. In the whole period I just act as a director, giving the students some detailed task and letting the students explore the knowledge by themselves or in teamwork.


Thank you! the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraph


the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraph. TEACHING METHOD

Task-based teaching method

Pre-task--Task--Post-task


Task 2 title prediction
Task 2 the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraph: Title prediction

  • A NIGHT THE EARTH DIDN’TSLEEP

  • Questions & Answer:

  • What kind of information does the author try to convey to us through the title?

  • Suggested answer:

  • There must be something strange happening at night on earth. So the earth didn’t sleep.

  • It may be the earthquake or other disaster causing the result.


Step 4 reading task 3 skimmig
Step 4 Reading the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraphTask 3:Skimmig

  • Read the text as quickly as possible and try to answer the following questions below.

  • Questions & Answer:

  • In what order was the passage written?

  • What is the general idea of the passage?

Suggested answer:

The text is written in time order. The text tells us something that happened before the earthquake, during the earthquake and after the earthquake.


Task 4 the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraph: Divide the whole passage according to the changes of time, and write the main idea of each part.

  • Part 1. Signs before earthquake

    Part 2. Damage and destruction of earthquake

  • Part 3. Reconstruction after earthquake


Task5 the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraph: ScanningScan the text and decide whether the following statements are true or false. If it is false, try to correct it.

  • People in Tangshan were warned of the earthquake and didn’t go to bed that night.

  • People in Beijing also felt the earthquake.

  • More than 400,000 people were killed in the quake.

  • Many rescue workers and doctors were trapped under the ruins during the after-shock

  • People tried to get fresh water from under the ground in Tangshan.


Step6 careful reading task6 reading para 1 for the second time and fill in the blanks
Step6: Careful reading the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraphTask6: Reading Para 1 for the second time and fill in the blanks.

  • Before the earthquake:

  • In the village,the well water rose and fell, the well wall had deep cracks ,and a smelly gas came out of the cracks ;In the farmyards, Chickens & pigs were too nervous to eat, mice run out of the fields to hide, fish jumped out of the water; In the sky, there was bright light and the sound of plane; In the city, water pipes cracked and burst .While people went to bed as usual.


Task7: Reading para2&3 and finish the exercises below. the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraphQuestions&Answers1.What do all the numbers referred to?During the earthquake


Questions answers
Questions&Answers the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraph

  • What does “them” in para3 refer to?

  • What happened later that afternoon?


Questions answers1
Questions&Answers the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraph

  • After the earthquake


Step 8 sentence translation and enjoyment
Step 8 Sentence translation and enjoyment the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraph

  • Task 9 Translate and try to appreciate the language of the passage.

  • It seemed as if the world was at an end.

  • Bricks covered the ground like red autumn leaves.

  • The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400,000.

  • All hope was not lost.

  • Slowly, very slowly, the city began to breathe again.


  • Step 11 Assignment the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraph

  • 2008年5月12日14时28分,四川省汶川发生了特大地震。请根据下面的提示,用英语写一篇100词左右的短文,简单描述全国人民抗震救灾的情况,并谈一谈作为中学生如何帮助地震救灾区的人们。

  • The first one: the earthquake

  • Para 1: On the May 12th 2008, a powerful earthquake happened in Sichuan. A lot of buildings and road were destroyed. About 70000 people were killed and 370000 people were injured during the earthquake.

  • The second one : the help

  • Para 2: The government sent the army to rescue the people who suffered from the

  • disaster. Volunteers offered lots of help to the homeless people. Money was raised from all over the country to help them start a new life.

  • The last one: what I feel and do

  • Para 3: When I am thinking about the students of my age in Sichuan, I feel sad. As middle school students, we should also do our best to offer the help. Today at school, we donated money for the students in Sichuan. I want to be a volunteer to help the students there with their lessons. I’m sure If we all do something for them,things will be sure to get better.


comment the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraph

Teachers should employ proper teaching methods and techniques to satisfy their needs.They are in great need of instructions on how to be successful language learners. Teachers should train them with some effective learning strategies .

My lesson plan is designed on the basis of these two principles. The questions in my teaching plan are raised for the purpose of arousing the students' interests and aimed to help the students to concentrate on the meaning of the text.


  • Questions & Answer: the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraph

  • In what order was the passage written?

  • What is the general idea of the passage?


Unit 4 the beginning and ending sentences in each paragraph

Earthquakes


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