The Inbound Syndrome
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The Inbound Syndrome (Expatriate Bonding) Presentation at the 2007 YEO Pre-Convention Meeting. Moderator: Bob White, D. 6990 Panelists: Maria Leticia Ferreira, D. 4770 Dennis White, D. 6220 Inbounds Hugo (Brazil) and (Germany)

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The Inbound Syndrome (Expatriate Bonding)

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The inbound syndrome expatriate bonding

The Inbound Syndrome

(Expatriate Bonding)

Presentation at the 2007 YEO Pre-Convention Meeting

Moderator: Bob White, D. 6990 Panelists: Maria Leticia Ferreira, D. 4770 Dennis White, D. 6220

Inbounds Hugo (Brazil) and (Germany)

For more information, visit www.yeoresources.org

Or contact Dennis White at [email protected]


The inbound syndrome

The Inbound Syndrome

An almost universal tendency for Inbound students, and expatriates of any kind, to gather together and become very close when living in a foreign country.  Often this can be to the detriment of their ability to immerse effectively into the host culture.


The inbound syndrome expatriate bonding

Enculturation:

The adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture.


The inbound syndrome expatriate bonding

Enculturation, in turn, requires an understanding of the following concepts: 1. Culture Shock

2. The Stages of Culture Shock

3. The Process of Developing Intercultural Sensitivity

4. Ethnocentrism

5. Ethnorelativism.


Culture shock

Culture Shock

The profound sense of disorientation and discomfort that comes with extended travel or living in a foreign culture markedly different from one’s own.


Stages of culture shock

Stages of Culture Shock:

  • Initial enthusiasm and euphoria

  • Irritability and negativism

  • Gradual adjustment and adaptation

  • Integration and bi-culturalism


Stages of culture shock1

Stages of Culture Shock:

  • Initial enthusiasm and euphoria

  • Irritability and negativism

  • Gradual adjustment and adaptation

  • Integration and bi-culturalism


Culture shock cycle

Rotary Youth Exchange

Culture Shock Cycle

Months

Pre-Departure

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Return …...

Normal Level of Feelings

Adapted from a model by Robert Kohls


The inbound syndrome expatriate bonding

DevelopingIntercultural Sensitivity

The Experience of Difference

Acceptance AdaptationIntegration

Denial Defense Minimization

Ethnocentric Stages

Ethnorelative Stages

Model developed by Dr.. Milton Bennett, Portland State University


The inbound syndrome expatriate bonding

Developing cultural sensitivity and competence requires moving from Ethnocentrism to Ethnorelativism


The inbound syndrome expatriate bonding

Ethnocentrism:

The universal tendency for any culture to see its own values and practices as natural and correct.


The inbound syndrome expatriate bonding

Ethnorelativism:

The acquired ability to see many values and behaviors as cultural rather than universal.


Culture shock pushes me out of my comfort zone

“Culture shock pushes me out of my comfort zone”

Under pressure, we tend to fall back on what is comfortable, habitual, and unconscious.

Even when we know how to follow a cultural practice, and can do it, the tendency is to fall back.


Instant electronic communications

Instant Electronic Communications

  • Once upon a time, communication was

    by postal letter…

  • It would take 14 to 20 days for a round

    trip message.

  • Problems had to be solved where the

    student was.

  • It may have been uncomfortable, but it

    required the student to adapt.


Instant electronic communications1

Instant Electronic Communications

  • Instant communication allows the

    student to fall back on friends and family to solve the problem, or avoid the problem.

  • They never work through “hitting the wall”.

  • Emotionally, they never leave home.


Expatriate bonding the inbound syndrome

Expatriate Bonding(The Inbound Syndrome)

  • An almost universal tendency for Inbound students, and expatriates of any kind, to gather together and become very close when living in a foreign country.

  • Early and frequent contact among Inbounds can actually work against fitting in to the host culture


Expatriate bonding the inbound syndrome1

Expatriate Bonding(The Inbound Syndrome)

  • In a foreign country, the quickest way to feel more comfortable is to seek out someone else like you.

  • What they have most in common, that no one else from the host culture has, is that they are foreigners.

  • Spending too much time with other Inbounds may feel more comfortable, but is also counter-productive to becoming enculturated.


Poor language acquisition

Poor Language Acquisition

  • After students “hit the wall” and enter the stage if irritability, the main way out is language acquisition.

  • The longest, most difficult but most satisfying “gain” is the “gradual adaptation” stage, when the students become linguistically competent (not necessarily fluent)


Culture shock cycle1

Rotary Youth Exchange

Culture Shock Cycle

Months

Pre-Departure

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Return …...

Normal Level of Feelings

Adapted from a model by Robert Kohls


How to manage the inbound syndrome

How to manage the Inbound Syndrome

  • It is almost inevitable – so learn to live with it. Manage it, don’t fight it

  • Be aware of it and our tendency (as YEOs) to get caught up in it (the Model UN)

  • Inform students, challenge students, support students

  • The goal is not to eliminate Inbound contact – it is to minimize the negative effects of the IBS


Information at www yeoresources org

Information at www.yeoresources.org.

  • Culture Shock.doc

  • The Inbound Syndrome revised.doc

  • The Middle Wave of Culture Shock.doc

  • seven lessons we can learn.doc

  • Culture Shock and Reverse Culture Shock Presentation.ppt

  • Developing Intercultural Sensitivity.ppt


The inbound syndrome expatriate bonding

Dennis White, Ph.D.207 S. 4th Ave.Sturgeon Bay, WI. 54235Telephone 920-746-1346Fax 920-746-1347Email [email protected]

For more information, visit www.yeoresources.org.


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