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President Obama’s Climate Initiative. Congressional Gridlock Executive Action. CLOSING THE POWER PLANT CARBON POLLUTION LOOPHOLE. CLOSING THE POWER PLANT CARBON POLLUTION LOOPHOLE: SMART WAYS THE CLEAN AIR ACT CAN CLEAN UP AMERICA’S BIGGEST CLIMATE POLLUTERS. Clean Air Act of 1970.

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President obama s climate initiative

President Obama’s Climate Initiative

Congressional Gridlock

Executive Action


Closing the power plant carbon pollution loophole
CLOSING THE POWER PLANT CARBON POLLUTION LOOPHOLE

CLOSING THE POWER PLANT CARBON POLLUTION LOOPHOLE:

SMART WAYS THE CLEAN AIR ACT CAN CLEAN UP AMERICA’S

BIGGEST CLIMATE POLLUTERS


Clean air act of 1970
Clean Air Act of 1970

  • Authorizes EPA to reduce air pollution

  • So far, 70 pollutants have been regulated

  • Now, carbon pollution

  • Cleared by Supreme Court


Section 111 of the clean air act
Section 111 of the Clean Air Act

  • 111(b) = new power plants

  • 111(d) = existing power plants


The action timeline
The Action Timeline

  • 1/20/13: President Obama takes office

  • 11/2013: Proposed rules for new plants

  • 6/2014: Proposed rules for existing plants

  • 6/2015: Final rules for new and existing plants

  • 6/2016: State Implementation Plans (SIPs)


Standards plans
Standards & Plans

  • EPA Releases Standards

    • CO2 Emission Targets

    • Compliance Guidelines

  • States submit Implementation Plans

    • How they will meet the targets


State implementation plan

State Implementation Plan

Flexible

50 States, 50 Plans


Sips have two goals
SIPs Have Two Goals

  • Keep Delivering the Power We Need

  • Reduce Emissions

    These are Compatible


Energy yoga part 1
Energy Yoga Part 1

  • Inflexible approach

    • Emission reductions only “Inside the Fence Line”

      • Improved efficiency of fuel burning

      • Cleaner fuels

      • Capture or Sequester Carbon

    • No renewables


Energy yoga part 2
Energy Yoga Part 2

  • Flexible approach AKA “System-based”

    • Reductions both Inside & Outside the Fence Line

      • Anything inside the fence line, PLUS

      • Conservation, efficiency & renewables

    • States can cooperate

    • More methods for reductions = more reductions

    • Most cost-effective way


Good cop bad cop part 1
Good Cop / Bad Cop, Part 1

  • How much Power Do We Need to Deliver?

    • Bad Cop: “Keep wasting power

      = more $ for ME!”

    • Good Cop: “Conserve, be efficient

      = more $ for the rest of us!”


Good cop bad cop part 2
Good Cop / Bad Cop, Part 2

  • Reduce Emissions

    • Bad Cop: “Keep burning fossil fuels”

      • Switch to gas

      • Spend $$ on “Clean Coal” technology

      • Bad because CO2 emissions persist

    • Good Cop: “Go to clean energy,

      conservation, etc”

      • Substitute renewables for fossil fuels

      • Get to zero emissions sooner



Good plan
Good Plan

  • Close the Dirtiest Plants

  • Switch to Cleaner Fuels on Remaining Plants

  • Aggressive Conservation and Efficiency

  • Bring Renewables Online ASAP


Benefits to action
Benefits to Action

  • 210,000 jobs, nationwide

  • Reduce future social costs (health, food, sea level rise, environmental devastation…)


Local impacts
Local Impacts

  • How this will affect our city, our state


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