President obama s climate initiative
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President Obama’s Climate Initiative. Congressional Gridlock Executive Action. CLOSING THE POWER PLANT CARBON POLLUTION LOOPHOLE. CLOSING THE POWER PLANT CARBON POLLUTION LOOPHOLE: SMART WAYS THE CLEAN AIR ACT CAN CLEAN UP AMERICA’S BIGGEST CLIMATE POLLUTERS. Clean Air Act of 1970.

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President Obama’s Climate Initiative

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President Obama’s Climate Initiative

Congressional Gridlock

Executive Action


CLOSING THE POWER PLANT CARBON POLLUTION LOOPHOLE

CLOSING THE POWER PLANT CARBON POLLUTION LOOPHOLE:

SMART WAYS THE CLEAN AIR ACT CAN CLEAN UP AMERICA’S

BIGGEST CLIMATE POLLUTERS


Clean Air Act of 1970

  • Authorizes EPA to reduce air pollution

  • So far, 70 pollutants have been regulated

  • Now, carbon pollution

  • Cleared by Supreme Court


Section 111 of the Clean Air Act

  • 111(b) = new power plants

  • 111(d) = existing power plants


The Action Timeline

  • 1/20/13:President Obama takes office

  • 11/2013:Proposed rules for new plants

  • 6/2014:Proposed rules for existing plants

  • 6/2015:Final rules for new and existing plants

  • 6/2016:State Implementation Plans (SIPs)


Standards & Plans

  • EPA Releases Standards

    • CO2 Emission Targets

    • Compliance Guidelines

  • States submit Implementation Plans

    • How they will meet the targets


State Implementation Plan

Flexible

50 States, 50 Plans


SIPs Have Two Goals

  • Keep Delivering the Power We Need

  • Reduce Emissions

    These are Compatible


Energy Yoga Part 1

  • Inflexible approach

    • Emission reductions only “Inside the Fence Line”

      • Improved efficiency of fuel burning

      • Cleaner fuels

      • Capture or Sequester Carbon

    • No renewables


Energy Yoga Part 2

  • Flexible approach AKA “System-based”

    • Reductions both Inside & Outside the Fence Line

      • Anything inside the fence line, PLUS

      • Conservation, efficiency & renewables

    • States can cooperate

    • More methods for reductions = more reductions

    • Most cost-effective way


Good Cop / Bad Cop, Part 1

  • How much Power Do We Need to Deliver?

    • Bad Cop: “Keep wasting power

      = more $ for ME!”

    • Good Cop: “Conserve, be efficient

      = more $ for the rest of us!”


Good Cop / Bad Cop, Part 2

  • Reduce Emissions

    • Bad Cop: “Keep burning fossil fuels”

      • Switch to gas

      • Spend $$ on “Clean Coal” technology

      • Bad because CO2 emissions persist

    • Good Cop: “Go to clean energy,

      conservation, etc”

      • Substitute renewables for fossil fuels

      • Get to zero emissions sooner


Flexible Compliance Options


Good Plan

  • Close the Dirtiest Plants

  • Switch to Cleaner Fuels on Remaining Plants

  • Aggressive Conservation and Efficiency

  • Bring Renewables Online ASAP


Benefits to Action

  • 210,000 jobs, nationwide

  • Reduce future social costs (health, food, sea level rise, environmental devastation…)


Local Impacts

  • How this will affect our city, our state


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