THEORIES, MODELS, AND FRAMEWORKS. OBJECTIVES.
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1. Discuss the relationship between healthcare informatics and nursing informatics.2. Discuss different definitions and models of nursing and healthcare informatics.3. Discuss core concepts and the scope of practice of nursing informatics.4. Describe nursing informatics as a distinct specialty.5. Discuss key aspects of the Electronic Health Record (EHR).6. Discuss terminologies for nursing.7. Identify available organizational resources.
Electronic Health Record
“Nursing practice will be revolutionized and we will truly be a profession of nurses with our own classification systems, bibliographic systems, and payment systems.”
We need to use the Internet to enhance our practice and to provide a tele-nursing care. We need to become wireless and conduct our services using all the newer IT tools.
1957 – First coined by Karl Steinbuch as “Informatiks”.
Walter Bauer – translated it to “Informatics”
Combined the term “information” and “automation” which means automatic information processing.
A science that combines a domain science, computer science, information science, and cognitive science.
Computer Science,the study of complex system, information and computation using applied mathematics, electrical engineering and software engineering techniques.
In 1980, Sholes and Barber applied this new term to the art of science and nursing, coining the term, “Nursing Informatics”, which they defined as “…the application of computer technology to all fields of nursing---nursing services, nurse education and nursing research”.
Integration of healthcare sciences, computer science, information science, and cognitive science to assist in the management of healthcare information.
Present an illustration using the description delineating Health Informatics and its sub discipline.
Limit your illustration using only circles, squares and arrows and texts.
1985 - Kathryn Hannah… Is the use of information technologies in relation to the nursing functions.
COPUTER BASE CLIENT RECORD
1992 – ANA established nursing informatics as a distinct specialty in nursing with a distinct body of knowledge.
USED A WORD PROCESSOR
TRANSFORMATION OF DATA TO WISDOM
DATA – discrete entities that are described objectively without interpretation.
ex: A systolic blood pressure, a nursing intervention, a patient problem, an outcome.
INFORMATION - reflects interpretation, organization, or structuring of data.
KNOWLEDGE – transformation of information. Information that is synthesized so that relationship are identified and formalized.
As an example, a single instance of vital signs: heart rate, respiration, temperature and blood pressure- for single patient to be considered a set of data.