Oedipus Rex. The Backstory: The Crime of Laius . Pelops: King of Pisa, husband of Hippodameia, father of Chrysippus (from a previous marriage), Atreus and Thyestes, among others.
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Laius took refuge in Pisa after fleeing Thebes; his older cousins (Amphion and Zethus) ruled Thebes at the time, and he feared for his life.
Pelops welcomed Laius and entrusted him with the training of Chrysippus in the art of war and charioteering.
Antiope, mother of Amphion and Zethus, was raped by Zeus.
Amphion married Niobe, who bragged about her many children and insulted the goddess Leto. Leto’s twins, Apollo and Artemis (fathered by Zeus) killed all Niobe’s children in retaliation. Amphion either killed himself or was killed by Zeus after vowing revenge, and Niobe either killed herself or was turned to stone.
Zethus had only one son, who died, so he killed himself.
Laius fell in love with and abducted Chrysippus, taking him back to Thebes once the “coast was clear.”