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Ethics in Biotechnology. Leadership and Ethics Professor Kent Rhodes. Angela Copeland Martin Proctor Kelly Van der Sande. July 27, 2005 MBAM 685.13. Ethics in Biotechnology. Some Hot Topics - Gene Therapy - Genetically Modified Food Stem Cell Research - Dilemma

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Ethics in biotechnology

Ethics in Biotechnology

Leadership and Ethics

Professor Kent Rhodes

Angela Copeland

Martin Proctor

Kelly Van der Sande

July 27, 2005

MBAM 685.13


Ethics in biotechnology1
Ethics in Biotechnology

  • Some Hot Topics

    - Gene Therapy

    - Genetically Modified Food

  • Stem Cell Research

    - Dilemma

    - Introduction to Stem Cells

    - Global Stem Cell Views

    - Religious Issues

    - Hosmers Model


Some hot topics gene therapy
Some Hot Topics: GeneTherapy

  • 2,800 Genetic Disorders:

    - Huntington, cystis fibrosis, hemophilia

  • 2 Types Gene Therapy:

    - Somatic gene therapy

    - Germline gene therapy


Some hot topics gene therapy1
Some Hot Topics: GeneTherapy


Some hot topics gene therapy2
Some Hot Topics: GeneTherapy

  • Legislation:

    - FDA : No approved products at this moment

    - EU : Regulatory directives, national interpretation

  • Ethical Considerations:

    - Playing God ? Perfecting Genes ?

    - Somatic vs. Germline gene therapy

    - Money, Money, Money !

    - Racism, Eugenics


Some hot topics genetically modified food
Some Hot Topics: Genetically Modified Food

  • “food product containing some quantity of any genetically modified organism (GMO) as an ingredient”

  • Direct & Indirect Benefits

  • ‘Golden Rice’ , Flavr Savr ™ Tomato


Some hot topics genetically modified food1
Some Hot Topics: Genetically Modified Food

  • Legislation:

    - FDA : Voluntary Consultation

    - EU : Some blanket bans, national interpretation

  • Ethical Considerations:

    - Unnatural ? Dangerous for humans & environment

    - Industrialization, Corporate Control

    - Interfering with Nature ?

    - Animal genes in plants & vice versa


Ethics in biotechnology2
Ethics in Biotechnology

  • Some Hot Topics

    - Gene Therapy

    - Genetically Modified Food

  • Stem Cell Research

    - Dilemma

    - Introduction to Stem Cells

    - Global Stem Cell Views

    - Religious Issues

    - Hosmers Model


Stem cell research dilemma
Stem Cell Research: Dilemma

  • Biotechnology: Stem Cells

  • Dilemma:

    • Protecting the unborn child

    • Vs.

    • Cure diseases and save many lives


Stem cell research introduction to stem cells
Stem Cell Research: Introduction to Stem Cells

  • Embryonic Stem Cells

    • Transforms into any type of cell

    • In a Petri dish

  • Umbilical Cord (“Child”) Stem Cells

    • From placenta / umbilical cord

    • “Stem Cell Bank”

  • Adult Stem Cells

    • More specialized stem cells

    • Difficult to locate, slower growth rate, higher rejection rate


Stem cell research global stem cell views
Stem Cell Research: Global Stem Cell views

  • US: Various levels of allowance

  • UK: Specific uses allowed

  • Countries that provide gov’t funding for research: US, UK, South Korea, China, Australia, Israel, Singapore, Argentina, Uruguay, Sweden

  • Countries that allow research without government funding: Switzerland, Finland, Greece, Brazil, Netherlands


Stem cell research religious issues
Stem Cell Research: Religious Issues

  • Legal set up = major religion

  • Cathololic Church

    • NO WAY UNDER ANY SITUATION

    • The soul is one with the body

  • Anglican Church

    • Yes up till 14 days or split

    • Not an individual till that moment


Stem cell research religious issues1
Stem Cell Research: Religious Issues

  • Islam

    • Not ensoled untill 40/120 days

    • Embryos not in their own environment – will die

    • A duty to try and save life

  • Judaism

    • Religious law should protect life

    • Embryo will die so use it, can break commandments in order to save life


Stem cell research hosmer s model
Stem Cell Research: Hosmer’s Model

  • Benefits ?

    - Patients

    - Governments

    - Pharmaceutical companies

    - Research


Stem cell research hosmer s model1
Stem Cell Research: Hosmer’s Model

  • Harmed ?

    - Fetus

    - Other Projects


Stem cell research hosmer s model2
Stem Cell Research: Hosmer’s Model

  • Rights fully exercised ?

    - Patients

    - Scientists

    - Doctors


Stem cell research hosmer s model3
Stem Cell Research: Hosmer’s Model

  • Rights denied ?

    - Religious Groups

    - None Religious Pro-Life Groups

    - Fetus


Stem cell research hosmer s model4
Stem Cell Research: Hosmer’s Model

Ethical Problem ?


Stem cell research hosmer s model5
Stem Cell Research: Hosmer’s Model

  • Economic Outcomes ?

    - Healthcare savings

    - Less money for other projects?

    - For whom?

    - Re-enter workforce

    - Greying population


Stem cell research hosmer s model6
Stem Cell Research: Hosmer’s Model

  • Legal Requirements ?

    - Research (42 countries)

    - U.K. (cloning embryos)

    - Medical Research (U.K., Belgium, Singapore & Japan)

    - Future considerations!


Stem cell research hosmer s model7
Stem Cell Research: Hosmer’s Model

  • Ethical Duties ?

    - Relieve suffering of patients

    - Education

    - Funding medical research


Stem cell research hosmer s model8
Stem Cell Research: Hosmer’s Model

  • Team Consensus ?

    - Not a human being (14 days)

    - Education

    - Increase funding medical research

    - Legal framework

    - Wide availabillity

    - Stem cell bank Personal bank


Ethics in biotechnology3

Ethics in Biotechnology

Leadership and Ethics

Professor Kent Rhodes

Angela Copeland

Martin Proctor

Kelly Van der Sande

July 27, 2005

MBAM 685.13


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