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Deaths from smoking. in Estonia. Deaths from smoking in Estonia. Particular emphasis is given to the number of deaths in middle age (defined as ages 35 to 69) Available on www.deathsfromsmoking.net.

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Deaths from smoking

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Deaths from smoking

Deaths from smoking

in Estonia


Deaths from smoking in estonia

Deaths from smokingin Estonia

  • Particular emphasis is given to the number of deathsin middle age (defined as ages 35 to 69)

  • Available on www.deathsfromsmoking.net

•This presentation provides estimates of the numberof deaths caused by smoking in Estonia


Source of data mortality from smoking in developed countries 1950 2000

Source of data: “Mortality from Smoking in Developed Countries, 1950–2000”

  • Uses WHO mortality data for lung cancer and for other diseases, and UN population data

•Updated edition of a 1994 book, authored by aninternational team of scientists:

–Richard Peto, Professor of Medical Statistics, University of Oxford

–Alan Lopez, Professor of Medical Statistics, University of Queensland

–Jillian Boreham, Senior Research Fellow, University of Oxford

–Michael Thun, Chief of Epidemiology, American Cancer Society

www.deathsfromsmoking.net


Deaths from smoking 1980 to 2000

Estonia

Deaths from smoking, 1980 to 2000

  • About 73% (40,000) of them were still in middleagewhen they died

  • This was about one in four of all the deaths inmiddle age during this period (40,000 out ofthe 160,000 deaths at ages 35-69)

•About 55,000 people died from smoking during this20-year period in Estonia

www.deathsfromsmoking.net


Annual deaths from smoking

Estonia, year 2000

Annual deaths from smoking

  • About 1,700 die in middle age from smoking

  • Many of those killed in middle age would have lived on for 10, 20, 30 or more good years

  • About 20 years of life are lost, on average, by those killed in middle age by smoking

•Smoking kills about 2,800 people a year in Estonia

www.deathsfromsmoking.net


Smoking causes more deaths than all non medical causes put together

2,800smoking

2,092*non-medical

Murder/assault Falls

SuicideDrowning

Road accidentsPoisoning

Plane crashesFires

Train crashesFloods/storms

Accidents at work Other natural disasters

Accidents at homeOther accidents

*in year 2000

Estonia, year 2000

Smoking causes more deaths than all non-medical causes put together

www.deathsfromsmoking.net


Smoking kills 2 800 people a year from many different diseases

900cancer*

1,300vascular

(heart disease,

stroke and other diseases of the arteries and veins)

300respiratory

300other

*includes 600 (87%) ofthe 687 lung cancer deaths

Estonia, year 2000

Smoking kills 2,800 people a year,from many different diseases

www.deathsfromsmoking.net


About one in four of all cancer deaths is due to smoking

900 (26%)from smoking

3,400total cancer deaths

800 (44%)from smoking

1,800male

100 (6%) from smoking

1,600female

Estonia, year 2000

About one in four of all cancer deathsis due to smoking

www.deathsfromsmoking.net


Male deaths in middle age from smoking

Male deaths in middle age from smoking

  • This pattern is seen first in middle age, then in old age

  • The next three slides concentrate on male deathsin middle age

•The main pattern of increase and, eventually,decrease in premature deaths from smoking is at a more advanced stage among men than among women

www.deathsfromsmoking.net


About one in three of all deaths in middle aged men is due to smoking

Estonia, year 2000

About one in three of all deaths inmiddle-aged men is due to smoking*

*1,600 (32%) of the5,000 deaths at ages 35-69

www.deathsfromsmoking.net


Of 100 men aged 35 years

•51 die in middle age*

•17 of these 51 deaths are from smoking

17

51%

*risks at year 2000death rates for ages 35-69

Estonia, year 2000

Of 100 men aged 35 years …

www.deathsfromsmoking.net


Male death in middle age changing hazards

Smoking

All causes

1985199019952000

48%

17

51%

19

58%

20

51%

17

*risks at period-specificdeath rates for ages 35-69

Estonia, 1985-2000

Male death in middle age: changing hazards*

www.deathsfromsmoking.net


Summary for the whole population

Estonia, year 2000

Summary for the whole population

In Estonia:

  • Smoking kills about 2,800 men and women every year

  • About 1,700 die in middle age from smoking

  • Smoking causes more deaths than all non-medical causes put together

  • About one in four of all cancer deaths is due to smoking

www.deathsfromsmoking.net


Messages for the individual smoker

Messages for the individual smoker

  • Those killed in middle age lose many years

  • Stopping smoking works

    • Even in early middle age, those who stop (before they have lung cancer or some other fatal disease) avoid most of their risk of being killed by tobacco

    • Stopping before middle age works even better

•The risk is big: about half are killed

www.deathsfromsmoking.net


Deaths from smoking

  • Deaths from smoking:an electronic resource

  • www.deathsfromsmoking.net

  • Published by

  • International Union Against Cancer (UICC), Geneva: Switzerland, 2006

  • Funded by

  • Clinical Trial Service Unit & Epidemiological Studies Unit (CTSU), University of Oxford

  • International Union Against Cancer (UICC)

  • Fogarty International Center, US NIH

  • UK Medical Research Council

  • Cancer Research UK

  • Project team Richard Peto, Judith Watt, Jillian Boreham

  • Project managementSinéad Jones

  • Advice and support Steve Woodward, Konrad Jamrozik, Lesley Walker, Trish Cotter

  • Design bwa-design.co.uk


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