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IMF. By Nicholas Mahfood and Seya Meeks. Description of the Committee. The International Monetary fund is an organization that seeks to promote economic stability and growth for each of its 187 member countries.

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Imf

IMF

By Nicholas Mahfood and Seya Meeks


Description of the committee

Description of the Committee

The International Monetary fund is an organization that seeks to promote economic stability and growth for each of its 187 member countries.

It is a specialized agency of the United Nations governed by its own charter, structure and finances.

It was created as a response for the necessity to rebuild nation economies after the end of Word War II.

The funds main mission is to provide policy advice and financing to countries undergoing economic difficulties.


External debt sustainability and development

External Debt Sustainability and Development


Introduction

Introduction

Its is common for countries to acquire debt when their revenue is not sufficient to fulfill their obligation to their citizens, such as public services, governmental salaries and all other activates provided to taxpayers.

In most cases, countries, usually developing countries, acquire debt under very unfavorable condition and circumstances.

When a country can achieve economic growth, it opens opportunities to develop.


Background

Background

  • Development in the 20th Century

    • The 20th century was one of the dramatic changes and the rise of the world order and global institution.


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HIPC

  • In the 90’s, developing countries wanted “unjust debt” to be demolished. Unjust debt is debt that a country has built up because of developed countries taking advantage of it, during times when that country needs money.

  • So therefore, the World Bank Group put together ways of relieving these countries of such debt. One way they tackled this was by forming the HIPC (Highly Indebted Poor Countries Initiative).

  • In the late 90’s, the IMF assessed this initiative and improved it. The HIPC allowed a greater number of countries to be eligible for more debt assistance.

  • Furthermore, more creditors helped these countries, by giving them temporary debt relief.


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HIPC

There were advantages in the HIPC, but many people believed that it was not fully formed and was too discerning in its decisions as to which countries should be permitted this debt relief.

The HIPC had to evaluate each country and examine its external debt to decide whether its debt was sustainable. However, the HIPC only took into account one factor to decide whether the debt was sustainable, making countries ineligible.

Also, some of the changes made to the country were not very drastic, thus not improving the financial situation very much.


Current worldwide debt situation

Current Worldwide Debt Situation

In 2010, a report was made by ECLAC (Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean). The report was about the world’s financial situation after the economic crisis.

Between 2008 and 2009, export levels around the world dropped by 30%.

Despite this, developing countries look less time to recuperate from the crisis.

This has aided in other countries around the world recovering from the crisis.

Asia began the restoration of the economy, and places such as Latin America and Africa were guided by Asia’s restoration.

Not all countries, however, have dealt well with the crisis. Countries with unsustainable debt have not been able to recover from the crisis and get back their economies from before the crisis.


Global action

Global Action

  • In the year 2000, the United Nations created the Millennium Summit, which was a discussion among different countries in order to form goals for the United Nations to follow for the next century.

  • Because of this summit, Millennium Development Goals were created and the Millennium Declaration was signed.

  • This Declaration has objectives for the UN to reach in the 21st century. The goals were made to be attainable.


Millennium development goals

Millennium Development Goals

  • These goals were: 

  • eradicate extreme poverty and hunger

  • achieve universal primary education

  • promote gender equality and empower women

  • reduce child mortality

  • improve maternal health

  • combat HIV/AIDs, malaria and other diseases

  • ensure environmental sustainability, and

  • develop a Global Partnership for Development.

  • However, progress has not been as quick as it was expected. Financial aid has decreased in the past few years.


International action

International Action

  • The General Assembly of the United Nations has been active in in trying to solve the international debt problem.

  • The World Bank has also been tackling these problems by creating goals to combat these issues.


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