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Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

Power Presentations

CHAPTER 19 EPILOGUE


Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

Image

Expansion

It is 1901, and the nation is at a crossroads. Its population and economy are growing. It is also gaining territories and becoming a world power. But there are serious problems at home. You’re anxious to see how your national leaders will address these issues.

How would you solve these problems?


Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

• Which problem–homelessness, poor sanitation, poverty, or child labor–is most important?

• Are domestic issues more important than international ones?

• What should government, business, or other organizations do to address these issues?


Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

1862The Homestead Act encourages western settlement.

1876Rutherford B. Hayes becomes president.

1882Thomas Edison installs electric lights in New York City.

Map

Image

1892Immigration center opens on Ellis Island.

1896Supreme Court decides Plessy v. Ferguson

1898U.S. defeats Spain in Spanish-American War.

1901 President William McKinley is assassinated and Theodore Roosevelt becomes president.

1912Woodrow Wilson is elected president.

1917U.S. enters World War I.

To World

1920 Women gain the right to vote.


Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

1869Suez Canal opens in Egypt.

1885Berlin Conference on African affairs divides Africa among European nations.

1896First modern Olympic games are held in Athens, Greece.

1900Boxer Rebellion begins in China.

1910Mexican Revolution begins.

1914First World War breaks out in Europe.

1918Allies defeat Central Powers to win World War I.

Back to U.S.

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Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

Map

During the second half of the 19th

Century, the nation experienced tremendous growth.

Main Idea

Why It Matters Now

The changes that the United States underwent helped transform it into the modern nation it is today.


Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

Factors

What factors contributed to industrial growth in the United States?

plentiful natural resources

Improved transportation

growing population

Investment capital

new inventions

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Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

• What drew large numbers of people to the West in the decades after 1860?

• What urban problems did reformers try to solve?

• How were the new immigrants different from earlier immigrants?


Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

Think About

  • • the goals of the act

  • the impact on the land use and independence of the Plains people

Recognizing Effects

How were the effects of the Dawes Act different from what was intended?

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Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

Around the turn of the century, mass

culture emerged and the nation continued

to grapple with racism.

Image

Main Idea

Why It Matters Now

Americans continue to participate in a mass culture and issues of race continue to affect society.


Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

Factors

What factors contributed to the emergence of a mass culture at the turn of the century?

advertising

newspapers

urban parks

movies and shows

world’s fairs

spectator sports


Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

• How did life on the frontier provide greater opportunities for women?

• What were Jim Crow laws?

• What did Chinese immigrants and Mexican immigrants have in common?


Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

Think About

  • • attitudes of whites about nonwhites

  • • the efforts of nonwhites to find jobs and security

  • competition for jobs

Solving Problems

What could have been done to end racial discrimination against nonwhites in the United States around 1900?

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Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

Main Idea

During the late 1800s and early 1900s, Populists and progressives worked for social reform.

Why It Matters Now

Many of the reforms supported by Populists and progressives remain in place today.


Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

Goals

Reforms

What were some examples of progressive reforms?

  • direct primary

  • initiative

  • referendum

  • recall

To expand democracy:

  • aid to the unemployed

  • minimum wage laws

To protect social welfare:

  • break up trusts

  • regulate industry

To create economic reform:


Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

• What problems in the late 1800s led farmers to take political action?

• What did President Roosevelt mean by a “square deal” and how did he try to achieve it?

• What were three progressive amendments and what did each do?


Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

Think About

• the quality of the food you eat

• natural resources that have been preserved

Recognizing Effects

In what ways do the reforms that Theodore Roosevelt promoted affect your life today?

Back to Home


Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

Main Idea

The United States extended its global influence and fought with the Allies in World War I.

Why it Matters Now

The United States continues to be a global power today.


Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

To seek markets and raw materials

To establish a military presence overseas

A belief in the superiority of American culture

United States Expansion

What are the causes of U.S. expansion overseas in the late 1800s?


Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

• How did the Roosevelt Corollary change U.S. foreign policy?

• What were the long-term causes of World War I?

• Why did many Americans oppose joining the League of Nations?


Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

Think About

• the public’s response to yellow journalists and U.S. military victories

• the work of the Anti-Imperialist League

Forming Opinions

Did the United States betray its democratic principles when it established overseas colonies?

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Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

REVIEW QUESTIONS

ANSWERS: READ AND TAKE NOTES


Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

1What caused conflict between Native Americans and white settlers on the Great Plains?

2Why was the late 1800s known as the Gilded Age?

3Where did most immigrants to the United States come from around 1900?

4What is mass culture?

5Why was Plessy v. Ferguson an important Supreme Court decision?


Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

6Why did farmers favor a free silver policy?

7What problems did progressivism address?

8Why did Americans become interested in overseas expansion in the late 1800s?

9What territories did the United States take control of as a result of the Spanish-American War?

10Why did the U.S. Senate reject the Treaty of Versailles?


Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

Allies win World War I,

1918

Hayes elected president, 1876

Passage of Homestead Act, 1862

Plessy v. Ferguson,

1896

Chinese Exclusion Act made permanent, 1902

Roosevelt Corollary,

1904

Spanish-American War, 1898

NAACP founded,

1909

Wilson elected president, 1912

U.S. enters World War I, 1917

19th Amendment grants women the right to vote, 1920

Red Scare, 1919

Sequencing Events

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Power presentations chapter 19 epilogue

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