The Environment
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The Environment. The Environment. Managing the Environment Brief History of Environmental Interest The Future of the Environment. Managing the Environment. Managing the Environment. Transnational Issue Multifaceted

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The environment
The Environment

  • Managing the Environment

  • Brief History of Environmental Interest

  • The Future of the Environment



Managing the environment1
Managing the Environment

  • Transnational Issue

    • Multifaceted

      • Ground, water, air quality, ozone layer, global warming, endangered species

  • Based on collective goods/ common goods

    • Global context

    • Free riders

      • Tuna

      • Space junk

    • Tragedy of the commons

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-20203072


Brief history of environmental interest

Brief History

of

Environmental Interest


Brief history
Brief History

  • Global interest only recent

    • Post-materialism

      • Keep America Beautiful

    • Green Party (1984)

  • NGOs

  • IGOs

  • MNCs


Brief history1
Brief History

People NGOs

  • World Wildlife Fund (WWF) (1960)

Protecting Pandas in China


Brief history2
Brief History

People NGOs

  •  World Wildlife Fund (WWF) (1960)

  •  Earth Day (1970)


Do you turn off the water while brushing your teeth?


Turning off the tap

= 2.5 gal/minute

= >50 gal. water wasted each week


Brief history3
Brief History

People NGOs

  • World Wildlife Fund (WWF) (1960)

  •  Earth Day (1970)

  •  Greenpeace (1971)

Rainbow Warrior in China to raise awareness about clean energy and promote a nuclear free future


Brief history4
Brief History

People NGOs

  •  World Wildlife Fund (WWF) (1960)

  •  Earth Day (1970)

  •  Greenpeace (1971)

  • EarthWatch Institute(1971)

Help bring black rhinos back from the brink of extinction.


Brief history igos
Brief History: IGOs

UN Environment Programme (UNEP)

  • Stockholm Conference (1972)

    Kyoto Protocol (1997)

  • Climate Change Convention

  • Rio + 20 (2012)

    • Earth Summit (1992)

    • Focus on ‘Green Economy’

      • Sustainable development



1 Incandescent bulb for 1 CFL bulb lights in your living space?

= taking 7.5 million cars off the road

= enough extra energy to power 2.5 million homes for 1 year


Brief history igos1
Brief History: IGOs lights in your living space?

World Bank

  • Late 1980s/ early 1990s

  • Millennium Development Goals

  • Comprehensive Wealth Accounting


Brief history mncs
Brief History: MNCs lights in your living space?

Eco-consciousness

  • Consumer demands

    • Responsible businesses/ products

  • MNCs

    • Economic incentive  Eco-practices

    • Going green v. ‘greenwashing’

    • ‘Fair Trade’ label

http://money.cnn.com/galleries/2007/fortune/0703/gallery.green_giants.fortune/10.html


Do lights in your living space? you accept bags

when shopping?


Which takes up more landfill space lights in your living space? ?

a) 1 reusable cotton bag

b) 350 plastic bags


The future of the environment

The Future of the Environment lights in your living space?


The future
The Future lights in your living space?

Approaches

  • ‘Band-Aid’ solution

  • Cooperation & conservation

    • Self-interested actors

-Resource usage is unsustainable

-Humans are depleting resources too quickly

http://www.bharathtech.com/2012_02_01_archive.html



The future1
The Future lights in your living space?

Which has a greater environmental impact?

a) Eating meat

b) Driving your car


The future2
The Future lights in your living space?

  • Eating a quarter pounder hamburger = driving a car 10 miles

  • Produces more greenhouse gases than transportation or industry sectors


Recap

Recap lights in your living space?


The environment1
The Environment lights in your living space?

  • Managing the Environmental

  • Brief History of Environmental Interest

  • The Future of the Environment


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