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The Environment. The Environment. Managing the Environment Brief History of Environmental Interest The Future of the Environment. Managing the Environment. Managing the Environment. Transnational Issue Multifaceted

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Presentation Transcript
the environment
The Environment
  • Managing the Environment
  • Brief History of Environmental Interest
  • The Future of the Environment
managing the environment1
Managing the Environment
  • Transnational Issue
    • Multifaceted
      • Ground, water, air quality, ozone layer, global warming, endangered species
  • Based on collective goods/ common goods
    • Global context
    • Free riders
      • Tuna
      • Space junk
    • Tragedy of the commons

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-20203072

brief history of environmental interest
Brief History

of

Environmental Interest

brief history
Brief History
  • Global interest only recent
    • Post-materialism
      • Keep America Beautiful
    • Green Party (1984)
  • NGOs
  • IGOs
  • MNCs
brief history1
Brief History

People NGOs

  • World Wildlife Fund (WWF) (1960)

Protecting Pandas in China

brief history2
Brief History

People NGOs

  •  World Wildlife Fund (WWF) (1960)
  •  Earth Day (1970)
slide10

Turning off the tap

= 2.5 gal/minute

= >50 gal. water wasted each week

brief history3
Brief History

People NGOs

  • World Wildlife Fund (WWF) (1960)
  •  Earth Day (1970)
  •  Greenpeace (1971)

Rainbow Warrior in China to raise awareness about clean energy and promote a nuclear free future

brief history4
Brief History

People NGOs

  •  World Wildlife Fund (WWF) (1960)
  •  Earth Day (1970)
  •  Greenpeace (1971)
  • EarthWatch Institute(1971)

Help bring black rhinos back from the brink of extinction.

brief history igos
Brief History: IGOs

UN Environment Programme (UNEP)

  • Stockholm Conference (1972)

Kyoto Protocol (1997)

  • Climate Change Convention
  • Rio + 20 (2012)
    • Earth Summit (1992)
    • Focus on ‘Green Economy’
      • Sustainable development
slide15

1 Incandescent bulb for 1 CFL bulb

= taking 7.5 million cars off the road

= enough extra energy to power 2.5 million homes for 1 year

brief history igos1
Brief History: IGOs

World Bank

  • Late 1980s/ early 1990s
  • Millennium Development Goals
  • Comprehensive Wealth Accounting
brief history mncs
Brief History: MNCs

Eco-consciousness

  • Consumer demands
    • Responsible businesses/ products
  • MNCs
    • Economic incentive  Eco-practices
    • Going green v. ‘greenwashing’
    • ‘Fair Trade’ label

http://money.cnn.com/galleries/2007/fortune/0703/gallery.green_giants.fortune/10.html

slide18

Do you accept bags

when shopping?

slide19

Which takes up more landfill space?

a) 1 reusable cotton bag

b) 350 plastic bags

the future
The Future

Approaches

  • ‘Band-Aid’ solution
  • Cooperation & conservation
    • Self-interested actors

-Resource usage is unsustainable

-Humans are depleting resources too quickly

http://www.bharathtech.com/2012_02_01_archive.html

the future1
The Future

Which has a greater environmental impact?

a) Eating meat

b) Driving your car

the future2
The Future
  • Eating a quarter pounder hamburger = driving a car 10 miles
  • Produces more greenhouse gases than transportation or industry sectors
the environment1
The Environment
  • Managing the Environmental
  • Brief History of Environmental Interest
  • The Future of the Environment
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