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The Environment. The Environment. Managing the Environment Brief History of Environmental Interest The Future of the Environment. Managing the Environment. Managing the Environment. Transnational Issue Multifaceted

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The Environment

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The environment

The Environment


The environment

The Environment

  • Managing the Environment

  • Brief History of Environmental Interest

  • The Future of the Environment


Managing the environment

Managing the Environment


Managing the environment1

Managing the Environment

  • Transnational Issue

    • Multifaceted

      • Ground, water, air quality, ozone layer, global warming, endangered species

  • Based on collective goods/ common goods

    • Global context

    • Free riders

      • Tuna

      • Space junk

    • Tragedy of the commons

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-20203072


Brief history of environmental interest

Brief History

of

Environmental Interest


Brief history

Brief History

  • Global interest only recent

    • Post-materialism

      • Keep America Beautiful

    • Green Party (1984)

  • NGOs

  • IGOs

  • MNCs


Brief history1

Brief History

People NGOs

  • World Wildlife Fund (WWF) (1960)

Protecting Pandas in China


Brief history2

Brief History

People NGOs

  •  World Wildlife Fund (WWF) (1960)

  •  Earth Day (1970)


The environment

Do you turn off the water while brushing your teeth?


The environment

Turning off the tap

= 2.5 gal/minute

= >50 gal. water wasted each week


Brief history3

Brief History

People NGOs

  • World Wildlife Fund (WWF) (1960)

  •  Earth Day (1970)

  •  Greenpeace (1971)

Rainbow Warrior in China to raise awareness about clean energy and promote a nuclear free future


Brief history4

Brief History

People NGOs

  •  World Wildlife Fund (WWF) (1960)

  •  Earth Day (1970)

  •  Greenpeace (1971)

  • EarthWatch Institute(1971)

Help bring black rhinos back from the brink of extinction.


Brief history igos

Brief History: IGOs

UN Environment Programme (UNEP)

  • Stockholm Conference (1972)

    Kyoto Protocol (1997)

  • Climate Change Convention

  • Rio + 20 (2012)

    • Earth Summit (1992)

    • Focus on ‘Green Economy’

      • Sustainable development


The environment

Do you use compact fluorescent bulbs in the majority of lights in your living space?


The environment

1 Incandescent bulb for 1 CFL bulb

= taking 7.5 million cars off the road

= enough extra energy to power 2.5 million homes for 1 year


Brief history igos1

Brief History: IGOs

World Bank

  • Late 1980s/ early 1990s

  • Millennium Development Goals

  • Comprehensive Wealth Accounting


Brief history mncs

Brief History: MNCs

Eco-consciousness

  • Consumer demands

    • Responsible businesses/ products

  • MNCs

    • Economic incentive  Eco-practices

    • Going green v. ‘greenwashing’

    • ‘Fair Trade’ label

http://money.cnn.com/galleries/2007/fortune/0703/gallery.green_giants.fortune/10.html


The environment

Do you accept bags

when shopping?


The environment

Which takes up more landfill space?

a) 1 reusable cotton bag

b) 350 plastic bags


The future of the environment

The Future of the Environment


The future

The Future

Approaches

  • ‘Band-Aid’ solution

  • Cooperation & conservation

    • Self-interested actors

-Resource usage is unsustainable

-Humans are depleting resources too quickly

http://www.bharathtech.com/2012_02_01_archive.html


The environment

http://www.bharathtech.com/2012_02_01_archive.html


The future1

The Future

Which has a greater environmental impact?

a) Eating meat

b) Driving your car


The future2

The Future

  • Eating a quarter pounder hamburger = driving a car 10 miles

  • Produces more greenhouse gases than transportation or industry sectors


Recap

Recap


The environment1

The Environment

  • Managing the Environmental

  • Brief History of Environmental Interest

  • The Future of the Environment


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